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Alexzandria Steiner

on 26 April 2013

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Transcript of Adderall

By Alexzandria Adderall General Information History Schedule Physiological Effects How it Works Addiction and Treatment Adderall is an amphetamine (stimulant)
Two types of adderall: Adderall IR (instant release) and Adderall XR (extended release) 1960's - Oderol was produced as a treatment for obesity by Rexal Pharmacal
1994 - Rexal Pharmacal was purchased by Richwood Pharmaceutical and Oderol changed to Adderall
1996 - Adderall was approved by the FDA to treat children with ADHD and later adults
2006 - Adderall XR was made Increases the release and decreases the reuptake of serotonin, adrenaline, noradrenaline, and specifically dopamine (all neurotransmitters)
Affects mainly the parts of the brain that produce dopamine such as the adrenal medulla and the nucleus accumbens (pleasure ceneter) in the midbrain Psychological dependence occurs when taking the drug becomes an unconscious habit
Physical dependence occurs when a person is used to having high levels of drugs
No medications have been developed to treat addiction
Antidepressants are used to help with withdrawl symptoms Used mainly to treat ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) and narcolepsy
Can be ingested, smoked, sniffed, or injected
Reaches peak at 4 hours
Overdose generally occurs at 20-25 mg/kg
Stays in the body for 7 days after last use Side Effects Side Effects
vary depending on individual
can cause cardiovascular problems, such as increased heart rate, disrupted heart rhythm, and sudden death
loss of appetite, headaches, dryness of mouth, and diffuculty sleeping Long Term Effects
increases the risk of critical cardiovascular problems and strokes
mental health issues such as depression, hostility, and paranoia
can cause hypertension (high blood pressure), Short Term Effects
increased heart rate, focus and concentration

feelings of energy, invigoration, and euphoria
after it wears off, feeling tired, depressed, and irritable Schedule 2 drug
high risk for dependence and addiction
also has medical uses seizures, mydriasis (pupil dilation), and can induce psychosis in adolescents popular among college students Bibliography 1. http://www.blondesuburbia.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/adderall-brain-side-effects1.jpg
3. Addiction Blog, . "Can you overdose (OD) on Adderall." "A" is for Addiction. N.p., 22 May 2012. Web. 24 Apr. 2013. <http://prescription-drug.addictionblog.org/can-you-overdose-od-on-adderall/>.
4. Kapadia, Nahel. "Adderall Abuse and its Implications for the College Academic Community." USCience Review. University of Southern California, 08 Febru 2012. Web. 23 Apr 2013. <http://www-scf.usc.edu/~uscience/adderall_abuse.html>.
5. http://www-scf.usc.edu/~uscience/images/neuronal-synapse.png
6. "The Effects of Adderall Use." Coalition against Drug Abuse. N.p.. Web. 23 Apr 2013. <http://drugabuse.com/library/the-effects-of-adderall-use/>.
7. "Adderall (CII)." New Drug Application. 522. 2007. <http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2007/011522s040lbl.pdf>.
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