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Journalism History

History of Journalism
by

Henok Getahun

on 23 October 2012

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Transcript of Journalism History

The Info Age History Of Journalism Newspapers were one of the first means of hearing news. America’s first newspaper was “Publick Occurrences”, published in 1690 by Benjamin Harris. The first ongoing newspaper was the “The Boston Newsletter”. This paper was started in 1704 by John Campbell. John Campbell (1653-1728) immigrated to Boston and started the “Boston Newsletter” only to sell it to Bartholomew Green in 1722. “The Boston Newsletter” was published by authority. This meant that the government approved the newsletter because they thought it would not write anything to cause sedition. John Peter Zenger, a writer in a newspaper was charged of stirring rebellion against the government in 1735. He was not guilty. The court case eventually brought up the idea of freedom of press. Which was later a part of the first amendment. In 1769 Isaac Doolittle builds the first printing press made in America. It was made in Connecticut. In 1775, 37 other newspapers were being publicized. The Revolutionary War had some effect on that. Since the war was going on, the colonies needed soldiers, supplies and money and the best way to do that was through the public. Most of the newspapers at that time were trying to persuade the public into an opinion about the war. The Bill of Rights was ratified in 1791. This included the freedom of press in it. "Congress shall make no law...abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press" “The Students Gazette” was the first student newspaper started. It began in 1777 in Pennsylvania. It was started in a school named Friends Latin School. It published 23 issues, from 1777-1778. In 1823 the first steam powered printing press was made by Jonas Booth. Benjamin Day founded the “New York Sun” in 1833 forever named the penny press because of how much it sold for. (one penny). This newspaper was different than others though. It covered topics like natural disasters. Since it was so inexpensive, the newspaper had a large audience. “The New York Tribune” was founded by Horace Greeley in 1841. It was so influential that it’s weekly addition had 200,000 subscribers. It was also considered one of the first morally supporting newspapers because it frequently campaigned against tobacco, prostitution and capital punishment. It also helped abolish slavery and supported universal suffrage. Horace Greeley In 1849 a group of publishers made an organization that will bring news from Europe. This group was the Associated Press (AP). The New York Times was founded in 1851 by Henry Raymond.The New York Times was originally called the New York Daily times, but was later shortened in 1857. Modern News and the Rise of Technology One of the later newspapers of that century was the “Pennsylvania Gazette”, founded in 1783. It is known best for being one of the many newspapers that Benjamin Franklin worked for. It was also the first daily newspapers. In 1865 the Paper Roll printing press was made by William Bullock. This printing press would operate off of a nearly continuous roll of paper. This was a huge advancement because the printing press used to be operated by people that fed the printing press paper. This machine made it much easier.

Dr.Lee DeForest devoted his life to the development of media and technology. He studied the telegraph for ten years but was frustrated by the limitations. In 1906, he made improvements in vacuum tubes. By 1907 he had invented an arc-based radiotelephone transmitter and Audio receiver, and he was writing about the idea of sending music to the public wirelessly. In 1911 Joseph Pulitzer gives two million dollars to the university of Columbia to start a journalism program. This will start the Pulitzer Prize. The first newscast on radio was in 1916 by Deforest himself. This completely changed the world of journalism forever, due to this new technologies would soon appear. In 1917 the Pulitzer Prize will be awarded for the first time for achievements in journalism, music and literature. This prize will greatly affect the journalism field by adding prestige. In 1920 regular daily programs began in Detroit. The conditions were not near to those of today though. The radio signal only reached 100 miles away at top. By: Henok and Jerome In 1923 the American Society of Newspaper Editors create a list of ethics or rules for ideal journalism. These rules would show how journalists should report the news and act towards the news. In 1926 the National Broadcasting Company was established (NBC). In the beginning of the company it had 22 station in the east to Midwest. NBC used many famous people in their broadcasts costing the over 50,000 dollars in one of the broadcasts. This radio station was still successful because of advertising. In 1927 the Columbia Broadcasting system was formed (CBS). On September 18, 1927 CBS had it’s first broadcast.

The radio act was established in 1927. This act made the Federal Communication Commission (FCC) which controls radio and television. In 1980, Ted Turner starts the Cable News Network otherwise known as CNN. This will be a major network in journalism. Sources Thank You http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/255892/Benjamin-Harris
http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0810063.html
http://handwrittennews.com/2011/07/30/the-students-gazette-pa-1777-1778/
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAnytribune.htm
http://www.nndb.com/people/297/000205679/
http://www.leedeforest.org/Home.html
http://earlyradiohistory.us/WWJ.htm
http://www.oldradio.com/archives/prog/nbc.htm
http://www.uncp.edu/home/acurtis/Courses/ResourcesForCourses/JournalismHistory.html
http://www.hrc.utexas.edu/educator/modules/gutenberg/books/printing/
http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/30589 In the late 1860’s and early 1870’s the invention of the typewriter was developing. The typewriter was theorized by many different people. The typewriter would change how news was made forever.
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