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Phonetics and Phonology Introduction

Quick overview of the subject matter for phonetics and phonology I
by

Catalina Reyes

on 14 March 2016

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Transcript of Phonetics and Phonology Introduction

Phonetics & Phonology
The science and study of language sounds
Phonology?
How do we produce sound?
Description of sounds
The organs of Speech
Language Specific
Phonetic Transcription
of RP English
Theoretical Science
Physical description
of sounds
It uses Symbols to
transcribe sounds
Phonetics?
It describes how the sounds are produced at a physical level
--> Muscular Activity
--> Sound Waves
Phonetic/Allophonic Transcription

IPA --> International Phonetic Assosiation
Describe the sound system
of a specific language
We will be studying English Phonology
The phonemes of English: Each phoneme symbolises One specific sound
We use mainly our larynx and vocal track to
produce sounds, using the air that comes from
our lungs.
What am I going to use that for?
Understand
how sounds
are produced
Be able to use the right organs in the right manner to make the right sound
The LUNGS, LARYNX and MOUTH move in different ways to produce sound using AIR
Studies the function of the sounds of a language

Each Language has its own phonetic system and its own set of sounds
The study of the sound system of the English Language.
We will see that English has a different system from Spanish
And how this can help us to pronounce English better
Organs of Speech
Phonetic Alphabet
Catalina Reyes
UDLA
2015

English
RP: Received Pronunciation is the standard accent of Standard English in England
Standard British English
What is involved in the making
of sound?
Vocal Folds (cords)
They narrowed and the air vibrates
Organs of Speech
Parts of your mouth that are used to make the sound
Manner of Articulation
How do we move the organs when producing a sound
Different Sounds of the Language
Consonant Sounds

Vowel Sounds

Diphthongs and Triphthongs
A sound produced by a complete or partial closure
A sound produced with the vocal track open
Universal
It deals with SOUND in a PURE way

It describes how ANY sound from ANY language is made
Be able to understand
native speakers fast, connected,
normal speech.
Two or three vowels produced in the same syllable that work as one unit of sound.
Upper
Lower
(Velum)
Transparent
You will be able to describe sounds based on the 3 characteristics shown before.
Example:
/v/ --> Voiced, labiodental, fricative
True Experts on The English Language
How would we use it?
Say
hi
to
Skot
B, P, S, F,
K, M, T,
A, I, O
Sound represented by Letters:
Skot wants to lear Spanish
He knows some words but he cannot say them
Can YOU help him?
Skot is very sad
Mamá
Bota
Dado
Who can help him?
BBC English
Very old-fashion
Now you hear many accents on the BBC
Thank
You!
Be able to tell your students how to pronounce correctly and what are they doing wrong when they cannot
Compare English and
Spanish Sounds
These two sound systems are quite different
Understanding why we may have problems to pronounce English as Spanish speakers
English has aprox. twice the sounds Spanish has
Full transcript