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Johnny Hyatt - Unit 6 - Sports Develpment

Assignment 2 - Barriers To Participation

Kara Hedges

on 16 May 2013

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Transcript of Johnny Hyatt - Unit 6 - Sports Develpment

Assignment 2: Barriers To Participation Young People Resources Woman Disability Time Time Sports Development Resources Fitness and Ability Lifestyle Influences Medical Conditions Access Issues Women face many barriers in sport and this is because over the years sports had become male dominated however their has been an increase in the population of women to men but not enough and here are some reasons as to why women do not participate in sport as often as they should: Women do not participate in sport due to their not being enough time in their schedules, this is due to them being at work, doing jobs around the house such as cooking, cleaning or even looking after their family (child or children) and this itself has many jobs which include school runs, feeding them and keeping them entertained. Lack Of Facilities Due to the local area not having any facilities women do not travel to the nearest center due to their not being enough time in their lives. Lack Of Equipment The equipment needed for sports that women can take part in need protective gear which can cost money, this is another thing that essentially puts women off taking part in sport. However the equipment that is provided might be broken or been misused which means that the sport can't be played. Cost Due to some women not working due to other commitments such as looking after family members they would not have enough money to cover the cost a a members fee or even an entry fee so they do not go into leisure centers and take part in sport. This goes for the equipment or uniform needed to participate and travel arrangements. If there were more opportunities such as more sports on offer and qualified coaches for women to take part in sport then there would be an increase in the amount of participants at sports centers. The reason as to why women do not take part in sport is because they lack in confidence and this may be because of their physical image, their mental image or the fact that they have no skills what so ever. A reason as to why women may take part in sport is because they want to lose weight and to improve on their skills they already have. Lack of opportunities to participate in sport, this is because most sports are male dominated so women think that they can't play the sport as well hence their being very few football clubs for woman about until recent years. Women have not been supported by their partners, family members or friends so have not had the audacity to play a sport. Until a few years back the introduction to the olympics and common wealth games has seen a rise in women taking part in sport and this is because of role models such as Jessica Ennis. This suggests that there was a lack of role models for women compared to men. Role Models Women do not take part in sport due to them having asthma issues, there may be a problem with taking out their pump infront of people. Women might take part in sport in order to reduce their stress levels as this may help them become less stressed There will be problems with transport, this is due to trains being delayed or traffic on the road by bus or car. Area or location may be too far to go to which can also affect and be linked to time and money. Further more there may be problems getting into sports centres due to gender, age and race which affect women taking part in sport. The only negative comment with regards to the youth are that their are a lack of resources in certain neighbourhoods which prevent them from taking part, however this is only some of the local areas in some parts of the UK. There are a lack of opportunities for sports for young people and this is because in school they learn about the basic / modern sports such as football and netball hence their not being a variety of options for young people in local leisure centres. Time Young People do not have much time to participate in sport because they are either doing homework, house chores or out with their friends / family. Fitness and Ability Young people might be put off playing sport because of their image, they may not be the fittest person and therefore feel like they won't fit in. The children are most likely beginners and feel like they won't be able to keep up with the group due to them not having as many skills as others. Young people do not have a lot of confidence in themselves and therefore tend to keep themselves to themselves which is why they do not take part in sport. Lifestyle Influences Young people also face barriers when it comes to taking part in sport and this is because when they are at school they are split into genders so it prevents the girls from playing football and the boys from playing volleyball. This is a problem that should be overcome. The parents of the young people might not be encouraging them to take part in sport whihc suggest that they have no support, this also goes for their friends because if there friends consider sport as uncool then they will not take up sport as a hobby. If the person does not have any background of playing a certain sport then they will decide that due to their history they will not play sports. Medical Condidtions Young children might not play sport due to them being injured or ill because of their previous runings with sports. Many young people have cystic fibrosis and even though sport is good for them to take up, the majority of them do not as they can get easily out of breath and they can't keep up. Access Issues Young people do not have a lot of money so it is a problem for them to get to and from the sports centres as well as paying fo rthem to take part. There are a lack of facilities available for young peopleespecially if they are outside of the area as to where the sports centres are. The clubs that are available to young people are often same sex classes and some people might not feel comfortable playting with the opposite sex. Many disabled people do not play in sport these days due to there being so many factors involved within the barriers to particpation. Resources Medical Conditions Fitness and Ability Access Issues Lifestyle Influences A reason as to why people with disabilities do not take part in sport is because the equipment is too expensive to pay for and the equipment is essential for them to have due to them needing different things. Their is a lack of facilities open to disabled people which makes it hard for them to take up sport, this may include no ramps or technical equipment. Another reason as why people with disabilities can't take part in sport is because of the staff, their are very little coaches who know how to handle disabled people within the sporting industry which suggests that their is not enough information out their to help people who want to take up sport. Due to psychological and sociological factors such as fear and nervousness disabled people find it hard to find the time to take part in sport. There are limited opportunities and programmes for participation, training and competitions when it comes to disabled people. Their fitness levels might notbe up to scratch which is why they hesitate when it comes to participating in sport. There are a lot of poor attitudes, opinions and perceptions in the world when it comes to disabled people so they feel like they don't get a chance to show off their ability. Due to many disabled people being in wheelchairs they might not think that they can play sports. Disabled people might be handicapped which prevents them from thinking about participating in sport, this goes for those with cerybal palsy, authoritus etc. As mentioned before their are not many facilities that are appropraite for disabled people to use which is another reason as to why they don't play sport. Educational If a child has not been educated in their P.E lessons it could cause problems for them, this is because in schools their is a limited amount of time in which the sports are taught in and within this their are not many varieties of sports to take part inbecause they just teach basic sports such as football and netball from a young age so they have not had a chance to explore the amount of sports their actualy are. It is hard for a child to take part in sport when there are a lack of clubs put on for them in order for them to improve on their skills, this is why a scheme called sports unlimited has been put in place in many schoold around the U.K Sport Unlimited is a youth sports programme which gives funding to local communities via the County Sports Partnerships network. It is targeted at youngsters who have an interest in sport, but aren’t particularly engaged with community or clubsport. The first step in the programme is to find out what sports youngpeople actually want to do. This scheme can be linked to the sports continuum because it focus on encouraging youngsters to get involved in teams or clubs. This is the participation stage and tends to focus on community participation by getting people to participate regularly. Once they get to this stage and become good at their sport they could enter the performance stage where you have regular practice, competition and can be representing your county. This offers a lot of opportunities for youngest and certain people are targeted here to be able to move onto the excellence stage. Location Young people take part in sport when they are at school and after school clubs, so the access is easy because they are already there. This can be linked to the foundation and participation stage of the sports continuum. It is hard for young people who are wanting to improve on their skills to travel to and pay for leisure centres or clubs that allow them to continue with their passion for sport, this is known as performance stage. Historical Traditions of class, religion and race still exist in the U.K which make it hard for young people to take part in sport. Economic Young people do not have money to take part in clubs set up at leisure centres so they rely on their school clubs for goverment funding which allows them to play sports, however this would affect the performance stage because you would have to start to pay for your equipment and kit which is why children do not take part in sport. In order to overcome this problem I think that fees should be priced affordable and reasonable prices so that childrens potential does not go unnoticed. Social Due to factors such as age and gender young people might be reluctant to take part in sport. In order to overcome this barrier I think that a wide range of sports should be promoted for all ages and gender so that there is an increase in participation. Young people tend to follow what their friends are doing so if they are taking up one sport then this is the reason as to why their is not a high population for other sports. On the otherhand some people think that playing sport is not cool and their are better ways to spend your time so again I think that sports should be promoted to encourage that sport is good for you and can be fun and enjoyable. Cultural There is limited knowledge on sports from certain cultures which means that sports such as thoda are not being taught by coaches, this leads to lack of classes being provided so people can't take part in the sport they might be interested in. Clubs should be run more often for cultural sports in order for people to have their requirements meet. Cultural Social Economic Historical Educational Location Location Educational Historical Economic Social Cultural Many women will stop participating in sport because of what their friends think and do. Women like to participate with friends and if their friends do not want to join in they will not tend to want to participate either. In sport women have very few role models who they are able to look up to and this is because of the poor media coverage. On average only 5% of sports coverage in national and local print media is dedicated to women's sport this means that not a lot of money goes into sports for women. The reason for this is because sports have been stereotyped, for example sports such as rugby may be viewed as a ‘male sport’ because of its historical rules in boys public schools and its violent nature. Therefore it is seen as unsuitable for women. Traditionally sports have been made male dominated and women have been limited to hockey, tennis and netball. If schools were to have introduced ‘male sports’ such as football to girls at an earlier age it would have given them the opportunity to get involved in different sports not just the traditional girls sports. This could have meant more women in the21st century would enjoy and been involved in a variety of sports. Other example of the barriers to women may be that at the performance or excellence stage there is a lack of sponsorship and government funding in women’s sport. This in turn means women are unable to continue sport as a career and are limited to the level they are able to achieve as they can’t live by only playing sports and must get jobs. There has been a large improvement in the amount of women involved in sport since schemes and other government funded activities have been put in place to increase numbers of women’s only classes, competitive clubs and female teams in traditional male sports (rugby, football, and cricket). There are not that many clubs that have same sex classes so woman do not participate in sport because they feel self consious when it comes to performing in front of men. Zumba classes have been set up in many sports and leisure facilities around the U.K to promote woman taking part in sport for the fun and social side of things as well as creating awareness for healthylifestyle. Woman may have a lack of skills in certain sports which is why they do not take part in sports, this could change if coacheswhere to teach them which could happen if there were more classes for woman. Just finding a coach willing to take on an athlete with a disability can be a task in itself. Finding one who has the knowledge, or the time and the inclination to gain an understanding, of the implications of a particular impairment on the coaching and training process can prove even harder. There are many types of disabilities out in the world so finding a coach who is able to meet each individual need is hard means that people who are disabled have a less chance of taking part in sport. The relatively low number of people with disabilities taking part in sport, especially competitive sport, can have an impact on opportunities for people with disabilities to get involved and progress within a particular sport. This is further compounded by the athletes having to be split up into functional classification groupings in order to try and ensure fair competition. The cost and availability of adapted equipment for use by athletes with a disability can have a major impact upon their participation. One example of a disability specific implication is access to guide runners for blind athletes, for both racing and training. Finding and retaining a guide runner for a blind athlete who might be training eight or nine times a week, especially one committed enough and fast enough can be a mammoth and time consuming task in itself. Even if problems of time and transport can be overcome, or are not an issue, further problems of accessibility can arise once an athlete with a disability has arrived at their destination. If people with disabilities have difficulty entering a facility it may put them off taking part in sport at all. Not only does it make access awkward, but it makes people with disabilities feel unwanted and unwelcome at the venue. Other people's attitudes - stereotyping, discrimination and prejudice e.g. by making false assumptions about what a disabled young person cannot do, or actively resisting the inclusion of disabled participants in sports activities. Organisations - inflexible policies, procedures and practices e.g. failing to consider adapting sports rules or equipment to include disabled participants. Disabled people tend to stick together so if one persons friend decides they want to do somethings else they often go with the majority of the vote. People with disabilities many years ago were considered as not applicable to take part in sport and this is because it was said that they could not handle what was thrown at them due to them being "different" this is a reason as to why they do not participate in sport today. Lack of facilities enable disabled people to take part, a solution for this would be to get government funding that allows access to be made simpler so that people with disabilities can show their talent just like everyone else. Might be hard to get to due to transport reasons as well as facilities, this also corralates to money and equipment.
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