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Plant Adaptation

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by

Andrew Do

on 23 April 2014

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Transcript of Plant Adaptation

Plant Adaptation
Andrew Do Eunice Yoon

Explanation
Apple Tree
Saguaro Cactus
Explanation
Name:
Apple Tree
Scientific Name:
Malus domestica
Native:
Mountains of Central Asia in Southern Kazakhastan, China
Adaptation:
One adaptation that the apple tree has made is the apple itself. Its flowers produce a sweet tasting nectar that attracts different organisms such as birds and bees. The vascular cambium helps transform food and water throughout the tree.
Explanation
Name:
Banana Tree
Scientific Name:

Musa paradisiaca
Native:
Papua, New Guinea
Adaptation:
Banana tree adaptations include changing colors to stay warm. It uses big leaves that cover its body to absorb the sunlight that is needed.
Banana Tree
Coconut Tree
Explanation
Name:
Coconut Tree
Scientific Name:

Cocus nucifera
Native:
Found throughout the tropic and subtropic area
Adaptation:
The trunk is sturdy but flexible, supported by many long roots that will keep a coconut palm alive. After tipping over or leaning, it develops a basal trunk within four years of growth. This allows coconut seeds to sprout in both shady and sunny spots. Its height allows it to grow over competing shrubs and herbaceous weeds.
Common Milkweed
Explanation
Name:
Common Milkweed
Scientific Name:

Asclepias syriaca
Native:
Southern Canada, Eastern U.S. (East of Rocky Mountains)
Adaptation:
Its color and scents attract pollinators. The plant contains large quantities of glycosides, making the leaves and seed pods toxic to protect itself from large mammals.
Cabbage
Explanation
Name:
Cabbage
Scientific Name:
Brassica oleracea
Native:
Coastal Southern and Western Europe
Adaptation:
Wild Cabbage's leaves are thicker than those of other species, thus it is able to store more water and nutrients in its difficult growing environment.
Bengal Bamboo
Explanation
Name:
Bengal Bamboo
Scientific Name:

Bambuseae tulda
Native:
South Asia, Southeat Asia, East Asia
Adaptation:
The Bengal Bamboo adapted to the extreme hydration of the rainforest by developing vascular bundles that absorb water.
Wild Lilac
Explanation
Name:
Wild Lilac
Scientific Name:

Hesperis matronalis
Native:
Eurasia
Adaptation:
The lilacs bloom in the early to late spring when they erupt in sweet smelling blossoms with different shades of purple. This combination of scent and color attracts bees and butterflies that are needed for pollination.
Brittlebush
Name:
Saguaro Cactus
Scientific Name:

Carnegiea gigantica
Native:
Arizona
Adaptation:
The thick epidermis and waxy cuticle prevent water loss and limits transpiration. The spines of the cactus protect it from other animals and other predators.
Explanation
Name:
Brittlebush
Scientific Name:

Encelia farinosa
Native:
Northern Mexico through California
Adaptation:
Its leaves are covered with thick, little hairs which help protect it from predators. The Brittlebush is able to store lots of water which is beneficial because it does not rain alot in the location it lives.
Rose
Explanation
Name:
Rose
Scientific Name:

Rosaceae rosa
Native:
Asia, Europe, North America, Northwest Africa
Adaptation:
The short spines on these plants help discourage plant-eating animals from consuming the rose bush.
Orchid
Explanation
Name:
Orchid
Scientific Name:
Orchidaceae
Native:
Mediterranean
Adaptation:
The orchid undergoes pseudocopuatory pollination. Since the flower looks like a female insect, male insects are attracted to it. The smell of pheromones attract the male insect to the plant. The insect and plant then "mate" allowing pollen to attatch to the insect.
Dwarf Marigold
Explanation
Name:
Dwarf Marigold
Scientific Name:

Tagetes paula
Native:
North America and South America
Adaptation:
The Dwarf Marigolds large roots allow it to store more water than other plants which is beneficial during the hot and dry seasons.
Clove Pink
Explanation
Name:
Clove Pink
Scientific Name:

Dianthus caryophuyllus
Native:
Mediterranean
Adaptation:
Clove Pinks stems are very long which allow them to grow over other plants competing for sunlight. These large stems also allow the plant to absorb more water and nutrients.
Hydrangea
Explanation
Name:
Hydrangea
Scientific Name:

Hydrangea macrophylla
Native:
Southen U.S.
Adaptation:
Hydrangeas appealing scent attract insects which is beneficial to pollination. The large leaves allow the plant to store large amounts of water.
Tulip
Explanation
Name: Tulip
Scientific Name:
Tulipa
Native: North Africa, Turkey, Iran, Ukraine, China
Adaptation: The bright colors attract insects which is beneficial to pollination. The formation of the bulbous stem allows it to overcome unfavorable conditions of growth.
Full transcript