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Ethanol Production from ethylene

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by

Nour Ghanem

on 7 May 2014

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Transcript of Ethanol Production from ethylene

End
Start
Literature Survey
Energy and Material Balance
Equipment Design
Economics
An acceptable plant design must represent a plant that can produce a product which will sell at a profit
Safety, HAZOP and Environmental Issues
Ethanol Production from Ethylene
Final Presentation
Group#1
Nour Ghanem 210119396
Anwar Ali 210111732
Mariam Alajmi 209111463
Roqaya Hassan 210111500

Supervised by
Prof.M.Riazi
Dr.Sabiha Merchent
Physical and Chemical Properties
History of Production

Methods of Production

Uses of Ethanol
Production of Ethanol from Ethylene
Conclusion

Fixed Capital
Investment

Working
Capital
Cost
Indexes
Cost Components in Capital Investment
Operating Cost

Fixed Costs
Variable Costs
Estimation Of Operating Cost
Raw materials
Utilities
Shipping and packaging
Maintenance
Operating labor
Gross Profit

Return on Investment (ROI)
Payback Period
Net Return
Economic Result

Equipment Cost Result
Utilities Cost Result
Materials Cost Result
Safety
Avoiding dangers
Including the personal and process safety even it will cost high costs.
HAZOP
Environmental Issues
Purge steams
Waste Water streams
Liquid Waste
Solid waste
Plant production capacity is 125 million kg/yr (480,000 L/day).

The Net amount of energy was found to be 5 MW.

80 million kg/yr of ethylene is needed as raw material (EQUATE).

Plant contains compressors, heat exchangers, equilibrium reactors separators , distillation Columns and pumps.

The total cost of the plant is 40 million dollars.

The Payback Period was found to be after 3 years.

ROI = 6% (safe) , Gp= 90 million dollars, Np= 86 million dollars


Kuwait University
College of Engineering and Petroleum
Chemical Engineering Department
Fermentation of Fruit, Suger and Corn.
Syngas
Hydration of Ethylene
Ethanol's Worldwide Production Demand (2010-2020)
Kuwait Usage and Production of Ethanol
Ethanol is being used in medical and industrial fields.
No current production.
Future planing for the construction of clean fuel companies.
Methods of Production
Fermentation
Synthesis Gas
Hydration of Ethylene
Temperatures average 250 to 300C

Pressure ranges between 60-70 atm

Conversion is 15 %

Catalyst : phosphoric acid in silica gel

Energy and Material Balance Result

Net Energy : 5 MW


Problem Statement
Design a plant that produces 125 million kg/yr of ethanol by the hydration of Ethylene.
Make a study on production of ethanol locally in Kuwait.
Design the equipments of the plant.
Perform an economical analysis for the plant.
Discus environmental issues related to the plant.
What is Ethanol ?
47 million dollars
13 million dollars
90 MILLION DOLLARS
6 %
(safe investment)
86 MILLION DOLLARS
index(2010)=1848.7
index(2014)=1972.7
Physical Properties Of Ethanol
Chemical Properties of Ethanol
Ester Formation




Dehydration Reactions




Full transcript