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Do & Don't of Academic Writing
Transcript of Do & Don't of Academic Writing
Mistakes to Avoid
It is perfectly okay to write garbage—as long as you edit brilliantly.
- C. J. Cherryh
Research Writing need not to be complicated, but it does need to have an element of formality.
Also such writing tends to be fairly dense, with longer sentences and wide use of subordinate clauses.
Objective, Clear & Consize
Quality of Ideas
Complex Sentence Structure
Formal Writing Do's
12 font size
I inch Margin
Start new section on a new page
Confine each figure/ Table to a single page
Adopt indentation style
Avoid Superfluous pictuters
It was really very important..
It was important.
1st Person: I, We
2nd Person: You
Never Use You.
No Stage Directions,
Use Abbreviations Sparingly
Redundancy is a
Prepositions are not
suggested to end
No prejudice, No taboos,
Does an electric vehicle provide a practical solution to the problem of air pollution?
Overused and old expressions need to be retired.
"In a nutshell..."
"Last but not least..."
"On top of that..."
"To state it briefly..."
In this essay I will discuss how
the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, also known as the Pacific Garbage Vortex, negatively affects our environment.
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, also known as the Pacific Garbage Vortex, negatively affects our environment in a number of ways.
Why to Avoid Redundancy
Avoid filling space with unnecessary words like: very, really, often, good, thing like...
How to Avoid
Once you have completed your essay/text, review each paragraph to see if any sentences can be
Omit any repetitive or overwritten sentences/phrases.
Abbreviate the Following:
Titles Before Names:
Mr., Mrs., Ms., Prof., Dr.
Jr., Sr., Ph.D., M.A., B.A.
UN, FBI, NASA
TV, CD, MP3
2:00 A.M., 1124 B.C.
11 ft, 7 kg, 33 lb, 24 in.
Use abbreviations only after explaining it for the first time.
When to Use
Environmental Protection Agency
) provides environmental education grant opportunities. The
also offers grant opportunities for new businesses.
Why to Avoid
Ending sentences with prepositions can
contribute to a conversational,
How to Easily Fix the Problem
Once you have finished writing, proofread your text. Look for any sentences which end with a preposition.
The best and easiest solution is to reword the sentence.
The extinction of the Dodo bird is a repercussion humanity must live
Humanity must live with the repercussions of contributing to the extinction of the Dodo bird.
Do not offend your reader.
gender, race, nationality, religion, physically disability, mental diaorder, age, marital status, or political beliefs.
QUALITY, NOT QUANTITY
Do not make up noun into verbs such as journaling.
Titles After Names:
Words with Numbers:
Names of familiar
Active Voice: Direct
Do not start sentences with ''and'' & "but".
In great, descriptive writing, we try to
using the verb "
It's not grammatically incorrect, but it can
"To Be" Verbs
a student who
intelligent and confident. He
assignments on time.
The intelligent, confident student always
assignments on time.
by teachers that students should
by the school to have textbooks.
that the school should
students to have text books.
Recognizing Passive Voice
If you can add
end of a verb phrase,
it's passive voice!
The light was turned off
The child was kidnapped
JFK was shot
The cat was thrown out
Dos and Don'ts
On the other hand...
Archaic Terms: Thus, Alas!
Although -> Though
Children -> Kids (Slang)
Frightening -> Scary
Emphatic Qualifiers: Really, very, basically
Make your writing more general not specific.
"I think that..."
"You may think..."
"One may think..."
I intend to argue that Lionel Messi is the best footballer in the world.
It has been argued that Lionel Messi is the best player in the world.
The ONLY acceptable contraction in formal writing is "o'clock."
Cannot is one word.
A lot are two words.
WEAK and UNCLEAR
THAT'S ALL FOLKS!
instead of colloquial one. E.g: have found, a great deal, attractive/ advantageous, the other issue/problem/ notion /idea..
It is believed that ...,
It can be argued that ....