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Copy of Anne Roe

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Jeanetta Edwards

on 20 February 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Anne Roe

Anne Roe
Born August 20th, 1904 in Denver, Colorado
Image by Tom Mooring
Anne Roe:
Personality Theory of Career Choice

A counselor using Roe's Personality Theory of Career Choice should focus on the influence the client's parents had on their needs structure, as described in Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, as it pertains to the client's process of career development.
Graduated from the University of Denver in 1924 at the age of 19
Worked in the office of E.L. Thorndike at Columbia University where she would later receive her PhD in Experimental Psychology in 1933
Psychology of Occupations
Roe proposed that early childhood experiences influenced later career behavior and choices
These experiences are defined by the child's environments.
Roe identified three primary modes of these environments: emotional concentration, avoidance, acceptance
Each of the three modes also had varying a range of parenting styles.
Psychology of Occupations
in 1956
Believed early childhood experencies influence career behavior
Became the ninth woman to be brought into Harvard as a faculty member in 1959
Founded the Center for Research on Careers at Harvard
The Making of a Scientist
in 1953
More Research
Roe's Theory of Career Choice identifies with those struggling to choose their career path. Use this theory to help your client understand how their childhood environment has shaped them to align with a career path.
Case Study
Roe's theory is not suited for career interventions and other theories more suitable with career interventions should be used when the case calls for it.
Emotional Concentration
Physical needs are met.
Ranges from overly demanding parents to overprotecting parents.
Psychological needs are withheld by the parents to reinforce the conditions they have placed for their love and approval.
Children of this environment learn to conform in order to receive their reward, from this they learn to depend on others for their self-esteem and approval of their actions.
Overly Demanding Parental Environment
Overly Protective Parental Environment
Children of this environment learn that anything less than perfect is unacceptable.
Ranges from parents rejecting their child's emotional needs to neglecting their physical needs.
The child's physical and emotional needs are met.
Self-reliance and independence are encouraged by the parents.
Everything done by the parents is done in a supportive manner
Eight Occupational Fields
Service Fields
Social worker, teacher, counselor
Business Contact
Persuasive interpersonal skills such as the ones used in a sales job.
Management and Systems
Jobs in Engineering and similar fields
Eight Occupational Fields Continued
A focus is placed on the scientific principles involved in outdoor careers such as forest management
Careers such as physicist or chemist
Arts and Entertainment
Music, painting, acting, other performing arts
General Culture
A career in Government
Despite the lack of support for her career theory, Anne Roe was renowned psychologist who paved the way for future researchers working in collaborative ways. Roe worked with a number of other professionals in order to provide the highest-level of results.
Research into Roe's theory has dropped off as researchers believe their to be far to much variability within the theory, especially concerning the roles of the parents.
: 19 year old Caucasian male
Presenting Problem
: Unsure of which career field is the right choice for him.
Background Information
: Came from a home with strict parents who loved him, especially when he succeeded, but tended to smother him in an attempt to protect him from the "harsh realities of the world".
Roe's Mode of Environment
: Emotional Concentration with overly protective parents
Corresponding Occupation Field
: Service Fields
Case Notes
: The loving and over protective environment the client was exposed to has resulted in a charming and people oriented personality. His ability to connect in a seemingly carefree and loving manner allows him to connect with individuals that the Service Field would require.
Steven Warcholek
Governors State University

Did you have the perfect family growing up?
Or, were things a little more realistic?
What were the effects?
Anne's Personal Life
Anne's family fell onto hard times which required Anne to take over a the role of fixer in her family. As she struggled to keep the family together and fix all of their problems.
Anne married long-time friend and renowned paleontologist George Gaylord Simpson in 1938
Anne passed away on May 29th, 1991 at the age of 86.
Anne lived an accomplished life, raising four step-daughters, as well as working tirelessly in a number of fields and paving the way for researchers to learn to collaborate with each other in order to achieve the optimal results.
Anne's Professional Life
Anne received a number of awards including:
The Richardson Creativity Award from the APA
Leona Tyler Award
Honorary LHD from Lesley College
Honorary ScD from Kenyon College
A Lifetime Career Award from the National Vocational Guidance Association
University of Alumni Association Award
Served on the American Board of Professional Psychology for the American Psychology Association from 1953-1959.
President of Division 12, the Clinical Division, of the APA in 1957.
Anne Roe's Theory of Career Choice
Experiences that take place early in a child's life influence their career choice.
Working off of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, Roe proposed that needs that were not met in childhood would in-turn become motivators in the career choice of the individual.
Roe proposed this theory in her book,
Psychology of Occupations
Contained a occupational classification system that was focused on interest and interpersonal relationships of individuals

This system contained 8 fields based on general culture, and arts and entertainment
Roe's Hypothetical Model of Parenting Styles
Assessment of Learning
Which one is not one of the three environments described by Roe?
A. Avoidance
B. Emotional Concentration
C. Power Struggle
D. Acceptance
Roe's Occupational Classification System constains how many occupation fields?
A. 3
B. 11
C. 8
D. 7
Which researcher did Roe build her research off of?
A. Jung
B. Maslow
C. Simpson
D. Erikson
Wrenn, R. L. (1992). Anne Roe (1904–1991): Obituary.
American Psychologist, 47
(8), 1052-1053.
Meir, E. I., & Rubin, A. (1997). Examination of interest inventories based on roe's classification.
Career Development Quarterly, 46
(1), 48-61.
Roe, A., & Siegelman, M. (1963). A parent-child relations questionnaire.
Child Development, 34
(2), 355-369.
Itai, Z., Meir, E. I., & Kraemer, R. (1979). The common space of personality traits and vocational interests.
Journal Of Personality Assessment, 43
(4), 424.
Simpson, E. (1980). Occupational endeavor as life history: Anne roe.
Psychology Of Women Quarterly, 5(
1), 116.
Wrenn, R. L. (1985). The evolution of anne roe.
Journal Of Counseling & Development, 63
(5), 267
Niles, S., & Harris-Bowlsbey, J. (2013). Career development interventions in the 21st century. (4 ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.
"Jobs mean different things to different people, but in our culture at this time an occupation plays a central role in every man's life and in every woman's..." -Roe
(Simpson, 1980)
(Wrenn, 1992)
(Wrenn, 1985)
(Wrenn, 1985)
(Wrenn, 1992)
(Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey, 2013)
(Simpson, 1980)
(Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey, 2013)
(Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey, 2013)
(Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey, 2013)
(Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey, 2013)
(Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey, 2013)
Roe's work began with the Parent-Child Relations Questionnaire (PCR)
This was meant to measure the perceived behavior that the parents expressed to their children.
The PCR consisted of 10 subtests
Six 15 item assessments for characterized behaviors categorized as: Loving, Protecting, Demanding, Rejecting, Neglecting, and Casual
Four 10 item assessments to determine the parental relationship with the children, categorized as: Symbolic-Love Reward, Direct-Object Reward, Symbolic-Love Punishment, Direct-Object Punishment
(Roe, 1963)
(Roe, 1963)
Roe's assessments and theories has been seen as having too many internal variability between parenting styles as well as other characteristics of the child. Resulting in little research support for her hypothesis. However others have, in-part, modified her assessment and theories in order to build on their own research design.
Other Researchers
(Meir & Rubin, 1997)
Israeli researchers Meir and Rubin used Roe's occupational classification system in their attempt to generate more efficient assessments to predict job satisfaction.
(Itai, Meir, & Kraemer, 1979)
Similarly, Itai, Meir, and Kraemer used Roe's occupational classification system to test the relationship between personality traits and vocational interest.
Connect the following term with the best example
Direct-Object Reward:____

Direct-Object Punishment:____

Symbolic-Love Punishment:____

Symbolic-Love Reward:____
A. Money or Toys as Gifts
B. Shaming, withdrawing of love
C. Physical Punishment
D. Praise for approved behavior
What occupational field included jobs in Sales?
A. Service Fields

B. Arts and Entertainment

C. Business Contact

D. Science
Anne Roe's Personality Theory of Career Choice is largely unused in the current Career Counseling field. Researchers have not been able to provide enough supportive research to increase the validity of her original hypothesis.
Researchers continue to use various parts of Roe's assessments to enhance their own research designs.
Roe also lead as an example of a woman working in a field largely dominated by men. Leaving an imprint on the world of psychologist for future female psychologist.
Nauta, M. M. (2010). The development, evolution, and status of Holland’s theory of vocational personalities: Reflections and future directions for counseling psychology.
Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 57
(1), 11-22
John L. Holland used Roe's eight occupational fields as part of his RIASEC types.
(Nauta, 2010)
Roe's described her original findings as showing significantly significant data when comparing the environments and parenting style that children experienced and their corresponding career choice.
However as more research was conducted these results were not duplicated as inconsistent data continued to be reported.
1. Snapshot of Roe's personal and professional life
2. Description of Roe's theory
3. The Assessment used
4. Research
5. Case Study
6. Recommendations
7. Conclusion
8. Assessment of Learning
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