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Harvard Referencing

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Northampton College Library

on 10 December 2012

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Transcript of Harvard Referencing

How to avoid plagiarism! Harvard What is referencing? Within education in the UK there are two
principal referencing methods: Referencing systems Harvard System - aka author-date system eg.
Banks, E. (2011) Finance the basics. 2nd ed. Oxford: Routledge British Standard - aka number system eg.
Banks [1] agrees with the recent research carried out by ....

[1] Banks, E. Finance the basics. 2nd ed. Oxford: Routledge.2011 Why should I reference? •To acknowledge other people’s ideas or work correctly

•To support an argument with evidence

•To keep a record of your sources so you can find them again

•To enable others to evaluate your research

•To show background reading

•To avoid plagiarism References Alliance Public Library. (2010) Bookworm [online]. Available from: http://allpublib.blogspot.co.uk/2010/06/bookworm_15.html [Accessed 30th july 2012].

Birchall, L. (2012) Cherry blossom [online]. Available from: http://laviniastamps.com/products-page/landscape/cherry-blossom/ [Accessed 30th July 2012].

Design Shack. (2011) Hyman vector silhouettes [online]. Available from: http://designshack.net/articles/freebies/weekly-freebies-350-human-vector-silhouettes/ [Accessed 30th july 2012].

GoodReads. (2011) CBC Books discussion [online]. Available from: http://www.goodreads.com/topic/show/511055-resources-for-finding-reading-material [Accessed: 30th July 2012].

iStockPhoto. (2012) Book tree [online]. Available from: http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-illustration-6259175-book-tree.php [Accessed 30th July 2012].

Seeley, T. (2010) Tracy Seeley's Blog : where slow reading and slow living meet the digital age [online]. Available from: http://tracyseeley.wordpress.com/tag/slow-book-movement/ [Accessed: 30th July 2012].

Superstock. (2012) 1491R-1014767 [online]. Available from: http://www.superstock.com/stock-photos-images/1491R-1014767 [Accessed 30th July 2012]. (Seeley, 2010) Referencing (iStockphoto, 2012) Referencing
in your essay When making a direct quote, you must include it in ‘quote marks’ in your sentence, e.g. Direct Quote It is better to summarise the ideas that you have read and put them into your own words than include lengthy quotations! Paraphrasing Ankney (2012, p.15) states that ‘the hypothalamus in the brain represents the body's thermostatic control.’ This means that it adjusts... OR ‘The hypothalamus in the brain represents the body's thermostatic control’ (Ankney, 2012, p.15). This means that it adjusts... Taylor (2012) describes how children have three learning styles that need to be considered when planning activities. Children have three learning styles that need to be considered when planning activities (Taylor, 2012). OR (Seeley, 2010) The lists at the back of your essay that have all the information about the sources you have used. Reference List and Bibliography Authors that you have used in your essay. Reference list On a separate page at the back of your essay
Alphabetical list by author’s surname References

Bergman, J. (2003) Windows to the Universe [online]. Available from: http://www.windows.ucar.edu/ [Accessed: 25th May 2006].

ER (2006) Damaged. Episode 2. Channel 4. 15th May, 2200 hrs.

Hall, J. & Ryan, B. (2001) Injury. Outdoor Pursuits. 36(4), pp. 2-8. Complete the short references
for the paraphrased ideas. Activity Complete the short references
for the direct quotes. Activity Books, websites, etc that you have used for background reading but not used in your essay. On a separate page at the back of your essay.
Alphabetical list by author’s surname. Bibliography

Brown, P. (2005) Pandora’s box. Journal of Mythology. 7(12), pp. 24-30.

Office for Statistics (2000) Britain. London: Bantam.

Roberts, B. (2006) Bad Blaire day. Daily Mirror. 17 March, p.4. Bibliography (Alliance Public Library, 2010) (Alliance Public Library, 2010) in the Reference List or Bibliography Referencing a book... What is missing? Multiple authors Two authors:

Wilson, E. & Leslie, A. (2009) Forest management. Geography Review. 22(4), pp. 8-13.



More than two authors:

Eccles, A. et al. (2000) Statistics 1. London: Hodder Murray. (Design Shack, 2011) (Superstock, 2012) Editors There are lots of what ifs?
What if there is more than one author?
What if there is information missing?
.... What ifs? Corporate authors Editions Missing information? (GoodReads, 2011) Referencing a journal /
magazine article... What is missing? Referencing a newspaper article... What is missing? Referencing a website (Birchall, 2012) For example... Activity pp.14-17. Page number Activity Complete the Crossword Definitions By the end of the session I should be able to... (2008) (Year) Newspaper in italics Referencing an online journal Referencing an image Referencing a film You may need to reference other materials too: Referencing other sources... Remember! Activity Short reference Citation Citation Short reference Activity Complete the crossword in the Reference List or Bibliography in the Reference List or Bibliography in the Reference List or Bibliography in the Reference List or Bibliography in the Reference List or Bibliography in the Reference List or Bibliography I am now able to... Citation is when you use other peoples' work in your essay as a direct quote or summarised idea. This needs a short reference. *The short reference looks the same whether the direct quote or summarised idea comes from a book, webpage, film etc... Citation Copyright Bibliography Plagiarism Quotation Referencing Summarise In groups, write a reference for a website on the cards.

Then each take a card stand at the front in a muddled order.

Get your classmates to arrange you so the reference is in the correct order. In groups, write a reference for a book on the cards.

Then each take a card stand at the front in a muddled order.

Get your classmates to arrange you so the reference is in the correct order.
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