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The Sociology of Education
Transcript of The Sociology of Education
behind this frame! Double click to crop it if necessary San Francisco Budapest Schooling (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr Stockholm (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr doodles notes outlook photo frame What is the purpose of Education? Society's future depends on Socialization Which is accomplished through EDUCATION Roles & norms that ensure the transmission of knowledge, values, & patterns of behavior Formal education Instruction by specially trained teachers Official recognized policies Functionalist Functions performed by education work to maintain the stability & smooth operation of society Teaching knowledge & skills Transmission of Culture Social Integration Occupational Placement Views Social-Conflict The educational system serves to limit the potential of certain individuals & groups to gain power & social rewards Social Control Via Hidden Curriculum Tracking Education & Socioeconomic Status Transmission of cultural goals that are not openly acknowledged Involves the assignment of students to different types of educational programs Interactionist Look at the interaction that takes place among students & teachers in order to explain educational achievement Self-fulfilling prophecy Educational Alternatives Charter Schools Funded with public money but are privately operated & run School Choice Parents receive a voucher equal to the amount their state spends on education for their child Homeschooling A system in which a child's main education is undertaken by parents at home Violence In Schools zero tolerance Involves set punishment, often expulsion, for serious offenses such as carrying a weapon, committing a violent act, or possessing drugs or alcohol English as a Second Language Bilingual Education A system in which non-English-speaking students are taught in their native languages until they are proficient enough in English to attend regular classes education
bilingual education Taboo Review Excellent Public Schools In All Communities In Waiting for “Superman”, we travel with five families on their journey to enroll their
children in public schools where students are challenged and supported in programs that prepare them for college. What is your vision of a great public school? What are the key characteristics of a great school? Who is responsible for creating and sustaining great public schools? What is your role as a parent, teacher, student, administrator, community member, businessperson, city official or philanthropist? What needs to happen in your community to create more public ownership of your local public schools? Research shows that what happens outside of school – such as neighborhood violence or inadequate health care or housing – has a significant impact on classroom learning and student achievement. In your experience, what is the relationship between neighborhood quality of life and student achievement? Great Teachers For All Students School districts and states throughout the country are exploring new approaches to
teacher pay that involve rewarding effectiveness, rather than focusing on a system based primarily on a teacher’s length of service or educational attainment. A variety of measures can be used, including student academic growth, examples of student work, student and parent surveys and teacher participation in overall school improvement efforts (such as through coaching, mentoring or other leadership roles). What factors do you think should be taken into consideration when evaluating teacher performance and determining pay levels? In Waiting for “Superman”, Geoffrey Canada says it took five years to become a “master teacher.” Research suggests that, in general, teachers become more effective after three or more years of classroom teaching experience, but many teachers especially in schools serving low-income students of color leave schools, districts and even the profession before they hit their stride as educators. Not only does this turnover create instability, it exacts a significant financial toll on districts. For example, in a 2007 study of five districts, the National Commission on Teaching and America’s Future found that it costs thousands of dollars to recruit, hire and train just one replacement teacher. How has your school or school district been affected by teacher turnover? How do we create the systems necessary to support teachers in their early years and enable good teachers to gain the confidence and experience to become great? What is your vision of a great public school? Teachers What makes a great teacher? What factors should be taken into consideration when evaluating teacher performance and determining pay levels? What support systems are necessary to assist struggling teachers and remove those who do not improve? Curriculum What are the essential skills that a young person needs to prepare for a full and productive life after high school? What supports need to be in place to ensure that students are successful? How do you get students engaged and prepared? What is the role of parents, school staff, and community members? Community What kinds of extra-curricular activities should be provided? How do you promote ideal behavior?