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How did Roman Aqueducts work and what significance did they have?
Transcript of How did Roman Aqueducts work and what significance did they have?
Brought water to cities and towns throughout Rome
Efficient and powerful
Millions of gallons a day How They Work Powered entirely by gravity
Had a slight gradient
Arches are to maintain slope
Water flows along channel at the top Timeline By Elizabeth, Stanford, Andrew, Joe, and Nathan Aqueducts built 272 BC- 262 AD Importance Aqueducts supplied Rome with relatively clean potable water
Was used in a variety of ways:
Baths (entertainment, hygeine)
Fountains (drinking, cooking, other domestic use)
After use declined, population of Rome fell dramatically Works Cited
Aicher, Peter J.. "Guide to the aqueducts of ancient Rome - Google Books." Google Books. Google, n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2010. <http://books.google.com/books?id=IEa04PmWXq0C&printsec=frontcover&dq=aqueducts&hl=en&ei=6N0ATZDzD8H-8AaP4P2PBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAw#v=onepage&q&f=false>.
Boatwright, Mary Taliaferro, Daniel J. Gargola, and Richard J. A. Talbert. The Romans from village to empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Print.
"Latin III - Mores - Aqueducts." KET Distance Learning Overview - HOMEPAGE - Welcome!. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2010. <http://www.dl.ket.org/latin3/mores/aqua/homesec2.htm>.
"Roman Architecture - Aqueducts." Old And Sold Antiques Auction. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Dec. 2010. <http://www.oldandsold.com/articles22/architecture-40-a.shtml>.
Wikipedia. "Roman aqueduct - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_aqueduct>.
MLA formatting by BibMe.org. NOTES - EVERYONE PUT THEIR NOTES UNDER HERE roman would have to look underground for springs where water was found
shafts were put into the ground every 20 yards for foundation
three types of aqueducts:mosonry conduits, lead pipes, and earthware pipes
Romans mostlly used masonry conduits
The specus was a small water way that transfered water
stuctures were made with wooden supports to make the arches
www.wikipedia.org Articles: Aqueducts, Roman aqueducts• An aqueduct is a water supply or channel used to transport water • The word comes from Latin roots aqua (water) and ducere (to lead)• The Romans built many aqueducts to bring drinking water to large cities and small ones too throughout the empire• The city of Rome had 11 aqueducts, the most, constructed over 500 years• There were around 500 miles of aqueducts in Rome, only 29 miles were above group• Arches are not part of the aqueduct– they are just there to maintain the grade/angle of the tunnel/flow of water over long distance• Aqueducts are powered just by gravity. There has to be the right gradient so the water flows smoothly without clotting• Roman aqueducts were built very precisely• They descended 34 cm per km, only 17 m over 50 km• Aqueducts could move• The Pont du Gard aqueduct (second best preserved, the one in the pictues) could transport 6 million gallons of water a day• Romans were not the first to build aqueducts, but they built the largest and most complex system• When the Roman empire fell, the importance of the aqueducts was displayed as a lot fell out of use and the population of the city of Rome fell from 1,000,000 down to 30,000 Signifigance of Roman aqueducts
population grew in Rome because of a healthy amount of water
delivered water to the urban areas
cleaned out sewer systems
used to transfer water for baths, drinking, and cooking
Aqueducts supplied Rome with relatively clean drinking water
Was used in a variety of ways:
Supplied water for public latrines - hygeine
Also the famous baths of Rome - entertainment, hygeine
Fountains for drinking water First Recordings of Hinduism (1500 BC) Pizza Invention (50 BC) l___________l_____________l_______________l_____l____________l________l First Aqueduct Built (312 BC) Shang Dynasty (1766-1050 BC) The Life of the Buddha (490–410 BC) Mr. Grande's Day of Birth (300 AD)