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Allusions in The Crucible

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Casey Allison Couch

on 7 November 2013

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Transcript of Allusions in The Crucible

Allusions in The Crucible

Biblical Allusions
McCarthyism in The Crucible
Cain & Abel
According to the book of Genesis, Cain & Abel were the sons of Adam & Eve. Cain is described as a farmer & his younger brother, Abel, as a shepherd. Cain was the first human born and Abel was the first human to die. Cain committed the first murder by killing his brother. We believe his motives were of jealousy & anger.
Pontious Pilate
He is known for being the judge of the trial of Jesus & the man who authorized the crucifixion of Jesus. Pilate believed Jesus was innocent, but allowed the crowd to prosecute him anyway as that was the will of the people.
Then the crowd was supposed to have said, "Let his blood be upon us and on our children." Pilate did not want to be responsible for someone's death he knew was innocent. Proctor is saying, you can't get away with putting someone to death who is innocent without paying the price and having that sin be on your conscious.
Rafael the Angel
Raphael is honored in Islam as one of the great archangels. He is the angel responsible for signaling the coming of Judgment Day by blowing the trumpet.

McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of disloyalty, subversion, or treason without proper regard for evidence. During the McCarthy era, thousands of Americans were accused of being communists, spies or communist sympathizers and became the subject of aggressive investigations and questioning before government or private-industry panels, committees and agencies.The victims of the accusations were usually Government employees or Hollywood actors. They were all guilty until proven innocent.
The Crucible
Salem established itself as a religious community in the midst of evil. Salemites considered the forest the domain of the devil. Delusional girls make unsubstantiated claims about the existence of witches in Salem. They have no proof. The girls unsubstantiated claims ruin lives and lead to increased hostility in Salem. Those who are accused are assumed guilty, put on trial, expected to confess, and expected to accuse others of being witches. Failure to do so leads to death.Townspeople are not willing to stand up to the court for fear of being accused of being a witch.
By: Casey, Alison, & Jade
What is an ALLUSION?
is an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly. It may also be an indirect or passing reference.
Salem Witch Trials

The Salem witch trials occurred in colonial Massachusetts between 1692 and 1693. More than 200 people were accused of practicing witchcraft and 20 were executed.
Abigail and Elizabeth began acting strange. They screamed, threw things, crawled under furniture, made strange noises, and contorted their bodies into weird positions. Other young women began doing the same thing. A local doctor was convinced it was supernatural.

This is Senator Joseph McCarthy during trial
Salem Witch Trials Vs. The Crucible
The Crucible contains allusions that make reference to matters such as:
Cain & Abel
Rafael the Angel
Pontious Pilate
Salem Witch Trials
McCarthyism Era
Trials Continued
The three girls eventually placed the blame on Tituba, Sarah Good, and Sarah Osborne. Osborne and Good eventually pleaded innocence; Tituba confessed that the devil came to her. All three women were put in prison. Bridget Bishop was the first to hang from the trials. On January 14, 1697, the General Court ordered a day of fasting and soul-searching for the tragedy of Salem. In 1702, the court declared the trials unlawful. And in 1711, the colony passed a bill restoring the rights and good names of those accused and granted money to their heirs. However, it was not until 1957—more than 250 years later—that Massachusetts formally apologized for the events of 1692.

A group a girls are found dancing in the woods by Reverend Parris. Parris' daughter, Betty, is unconscious. Abigail previously worked in the Proctor home until Elizabeth found out Abigail and John were having an affair. Reverend Hale is brought to Salem from a neighboring town to examine the case. After a brief time, Tituba confessed with communing with the devil. Tituba then starts naming random town folk consorting with the devil; Abigail joins Tituba and so does Abigail. One of the Proctor's servants. In the heat of the courtroom, Mary is testifying against Abigail and the girls. She breaks under their pressure and accuses Proctor of witchcraft. John is arrested and Halee leaves the court.
Summer passes and it is now fall. Abigail has run away, taking all of Parris's money. Proctor eventually confesses but ended up tearing up his written confession. In conclusion, Proctor and the others go to the gallows to face their fates.
The Crucible Continued
Historic Differences
There was never any dancing in the woods led by Tituba.Tituba was asked to makea "witch cake." Mrs. Parris was actually alive during the trails. After the trials began, Betty was sent away. Mr. Parris went to Harvard, but dropped out. Abigail was 11 not 17. Tituba was actually an Indian woman, married, and tortured before she confessed. John was 60 and a tavern keeper. Abigail never worked for them and the affair never exsisted. Rebecca had gotten mad at her neighbors becau
se their pigs had
gotten into their fields. The neigh
bor later on died
because of a stroke. This was

as evidence

to co
nvict her.
The witch trials are an allusion in The Crucible. The whole play is based off of the witch trials. The witch trials in the play were even located in Salem. Miller doesn't ever refer to the actions as the salem witch trials
Though Danforth and Parris try to suggest that the Devil is disingenuous and can fool even the most righteous man, Proctor diffuses their arguments by pointing to the ones who made the accusations and to their possibly negative reputations.
The Crucible
The final point in the use of the angel Raphael's words is the very essence of defining "that which is good." In the courtroom setting, this becomes very difficult to decide for different people. For instance, Hale tries to protest the manner of the proceedings, but is silenced and simply takes it rather than doing something more forceful about it. By the end of the play, one has to wonder if this represents "Do that which is good." Elizabeth is tossed into the fire in the midst of the court proceedings. In her defense of her husband, she lies to try to save him. Seeing what awaits both she and her husband at the end of the play, one has to question if what she did represented, "Do that which is good." Finally, Giles Corey refuses to name names and Francis' names on the petition becomes the source of new enquiries for the court. In this, one has to wonder what they thought in terms of if they did "that which is good." The entire court proceedings, where justice has been inverted for personal gain, and the search for truth is illusory, help to establish a certain amount of hollowness in the angel's words that Proctor turns for comfort in a time of distress.
McCarthyism is an allusion in The Crucible. In both bases people were wrongfully accused of things they weren't guilty of doing.
There are numerous biblical allusions in The Crucible. Since the town was very religious, it was obvious that the Bible would be referred to in the play.
The Crucible relates to McCarthyism because both used lack of evidence to convict people without regard to any what was truly happening. The Crucible was about witch craft and the hunt that went on for witches during the Salem witch trials. There was no real evidence of the witch craft, just assumptions. McCarthyism was the attempt of politicians to say people were communists during the 1950's.
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