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Music and Stress

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Ugonna Codozor

on 4 April 2014

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Transcript of Music and Stress

Inquiry Question
How Can Music Relieve Stress In Individuals In Different Diseased States?
How does this song make you feel?
Music and Stress
the 2014 Canadian Symposium on Drug Abuse found that in 2012 alone, the number of Canadians who admitted to prescription drug abuse doubled from 2011

about 21% of the Canadian youth who admitted to taking psychoactive pharmaceuticals in 2012 (ages 15-24), also abused them.

Checks and balances

Music for addiction rehab : uses same dopamine pathway
Why is this important?
Affects Control of Muscle, Movement, and Balance
Parkinson's Disease
Alzheimer's Disease
What is Alzheimer's Disease?
Substantia Nigra
Mesocortical Pathway
Nigrostriatal Pathway
Mesolimbic Pathway
Tuberoinfundibular Pathway

Music & Parkinsons
Template for Organizing Movements
Impulse -> Real Movement
Dopamine Release
PET Scanner & Radioactive Substance
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

New research by Dr. Kip Pegley of Queens University may help Canada’s military
Pineal Gland
Cardiac Patients
ACTH & Cortisol
During/After Surgery (Music vs. Propofol)
Cardiac Patients
Blood Vessels
Dr. Kip Pegley

B.Mus. (Dalhousie)
M.A. (York)
Ph.D. (York)

Associate Professor (Musicology/Ethnomusicology, Music Education)
studied effect of instrumental music on endocrine(ACTH, cortisol) & immune (immunoglobulin A) systems plus amount of sedative (Propofol) needed during and after total hip replacement/gynecological surgeries using spinal anesthesia (epidurals)

found that the group given music during surgery needed less Propofol than the control group to reach the same level of sedation
Quantifying Pain
Pain = unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with real or potential tissue damage

Very subjective!! So how can we measure it more effectively?

A deviation from homeostatic norms in the body that can present itself as physical, mental or emotional strain.
Music and Surgery
Why is this important?

Pathways of Dopamine
Full transcript