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APPLIED DEVELOPMENTAL THEORY ACTIVITY
Transcript of APPLIED DEVELOPMENTAL THEORY ACTIVITY
Reading assignments "Many studies show that, in fact, children learn best with a mixture of both approaches. In kindergarten, first, and second grades, teaching that includes phonics boosts reading scores, especially for
children who lag behind in reading progress" (Berk, 2008, p. 450). "And when teachers combine real reading and
writing with teaching of phonics and engage in other excellent
teaching practices—encouraging children to tackle reading challenges
and integrating reading into all school subjects—first graders
show far greater literacy progress" ( Berk, 2008, p. 450). "Learning the relationships between letters and sounds
enables children to decode, or decipher, words they have never seen
before" (Berk, 2008, p. 450). Cognitive Development
Approaches Whole-Language Approach Phonetics Approach Period of Concrete Operations
Evidence for organized, logical thought. There is the ability to perform multiple classification tasks, order objects in a logical sequence, and comprehend the principle of conservation. thinking becomes less transductive and less egocentric. The child is capable of concrete problem-solving.
Some reversibility now possible (quantities moved can be restored such as in arithmetic:
3+4 = 7 and 7-4 = 3, etc.)
Class logic-finding bases to sort unlike objects into logical groups where previously it was on superficial perceived attribute such as color. Categorical labels such as "number" or animal" now available (N.A., 2010, para. 3). Conservation Classification Seriation Reading There are many different types of memory strategies that teachers can apply to students for better retention and their maintaining higher academic performances. First, give directions in multiple formats, and then teach students to over-learn the material again using a different format. Next, teach students to use visual images and other memory strategies when the visual images are not working. For instance, when spelling; there, their, they’re the student can use substitutions in a sentence. For example, “there” has the word “here” in the word and used in a sentence is as easy as, “We went from here to there.” When we use “their” we could state that, “John is the heir of their estate.” And when using “they’re,” the visual remembrance will play a better part in memory, since “they are” has almost been spelled out already.
Next memory strategy would be to allow the student to know about being active reading to enhance short-term memory, while you as the teacher need to have premade handouts of upcoming events, test, and assignments so they can prepare themselves ahead of time. Emphasize the importance of writing down math problems and each step repetitively to remember the importance of each step. Prime the memory before teaching so the students are prepared for the information that will be given and review any materials before going to sleep each night (Thorne, 2011, p. 1).
Thorne, G. (2011). 10 Strategies to Enhance Student’s Memory. 1. Retrieved May 12, 2011 from
http://www.cdl.org/resource-library/articles/memory_strategies_May06.php Reference Thorne, G. (2011). 10 Strategies to Enhance Student’s Memory. 1. Retrieved May 12, 2011 from
http://www.cdl.org/resource-library/articles/memory_strategies_May06.php The use of rehearsal can be traced back to when a child is learning their first lullaby or singing one of their favorite songs. For instance, Mary had a little lamb is known by many simply from repeating the song over and over or rehearsing it to make it sound right. The older children grow they will learn new skills such as how to organize their thoughts, store it better for memory, and recall. If we are to compare different lengths of twine and place them in order from shortest to longest then we have an example of seriation. If we are to measure out flour, salt, oil, and water, and then place the ingredients in the proper order, we would have another example of seriation. Atherton J S (2011) Learning and Teaching; Piaget's developmental theory [On-line: UK] retrieved 13 May 2011 fromhttp://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/piaget.htm One take on conservation can be thought of as keeping a broad view of the information being delivered instead of focusing on one particular aspect or key point to the information. Process of elimination can be used, including reversibility and decentration. Conservation concept can be defined as the realization that objects or sets of objects will stay the same even when they are changed about or made to look different (Atherton, 2011, para. 4). N.A. (2009). Cognitive Development. Mosby's
Medical Dictionary 8th Ed. Retrived from
http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Theory+of+cognitive+development N.A. (2011). [Reading Supplements for Older Children]. Augmentative Communication Consultants Inc. Retrieved from
http://www.acciinc.com/products/Reading-Supplements-for-Older-Students.html Rowe, C. (n.d.). [Memory Strategies]. Mercer Education. Retrieved from http://faculty.mercer.edu/spears_a/studentpages/memory_strategies/html3.htm Beougher, A. (n.d.). [Weekly Lesson Plan] Ms.Beougher's 3rd Grade. Retrieved from http://msbeoughers.weebly.com/weekly-lesson-plans.html Fatum, B. (2011). [The Creators of Sesame Street Were Right!! Emotional Intelligence and Cognitive Development at the Synapse Institute]. Six Seconds. Retrieved fromhttp://www.6seconds.org/blog/2010/07/07/the-creators-of-sesame-street-were-right-emotional-intelligence-and-cognitive-development-at-the-synapse-institute/ N.A. (n.d.). [Girl reading a book]. The Academic Associates reading Program. Retrieved from http://www.academicnc.com/reading.htm Wrapping-up The best way to assess cognitive development for elementary school children is to use different theories. Piaget’s theory is the most popular in diagnosing the learned behavior for middle aged children. With the help of memory strategies and spacial reasoning, the break down for it seems easy. Some great approaches to teaching latter elementary and middle schooled children include reading with whole-word and phonetic approaches. These work together because some children are able to associate words and sound better when large words are broken up. When it comes to teaching, being creative with games and word association helps children want to learn and read more. A great game, and interactive activity in the classroom is the game SET. Many congnitive theories can be used to relate the game SET to childrens learning. We encourage every classroom to purchase this game, or one like it, and let the children learn from eachother while having fun! Applied Developmental Theory Activity
University of Phoenix
EDU/305 Child and Development
May 14th, 2011
Dr. Rochelle Cowden Maps Directions Spatial Reasoning N.A. (2010). Stages of Intellectual Development In Children and Teenagers. Children Developmental Institue. Retrieved from http://www.childdevelopmentinfo.com/development/piaget.shtml Set: The family
visual perception Photo Source: Set Enterprises Inc. (2011) Ages 6 and up 1-20 Players Interactive play Applied Theories Rules:
(refer to handout) Lev Vygotsky: Howard Gardiner Jean Concrete:
Children are able to retrace steps in thinking and are able to consider more than one aspect at a time from the ages 7-11 (Department for Community Development,2011).
The game of SET requires thinking of more than one aspect at a time and often the child will need to retrace his or her steps. Jean Piaget Set Enterprises Inc. (2011). Set: The Family Game of Visiual Perception. Retrieved May 12, 2011, from setgame: http://www.setgame.com/set/index.html Department for Community Development. (2011). Fact Sheet: Congnitive Play. Retrieved May 10, 2011, from pscwa: http://www.pscwa.org.au/getdoc/8381c5d7-7d4c-4ff3-a28b-08d212a86c0a/DCDGUIOSHCFactSheetCognitivePlay.aspx Multiple Intelligences
Logical- Analysis and Math reasoning: Children strong in this area may be able to solve difficult brain teasers (Department for Community Development,2011). This activity may be considered a brain teaser.
Spatial- Able to understand and make changes in the physical world. Also able to see the physical world accuratly. Children with a hightened spacial ability may be able to construct complex sturctures (Department for Community Development,2011). The stuctures in the game of SET may not seem complex but grouping them together is a complex way of thinking. Social Context- Vygotsky believed that learning is enhanced
when children interact with there peers or adults (Department for Community Development,2011).
The game SET provides this interaction and is
also a family game which provides adult participation as well. Specific Cognative Learning
Activity Takes 30-45 minutes to play