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1984 Through an Archetypal Perspective

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by

Ashley Das

on 18 July 2014

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Transcript of 1984 Through an Archetypal Perspective

Symbols
language as mind control
control of information/history
Characters
Introduction
Archetypal theory is evident within the novel 1984 written by George Orwell through the use of themes, characters, symbols and situations.
Andrew Yang
Ashley Dasrath
Flora Yin
Umna Babar

1984 Through an Archetypal Perspective Lens
BIG BROTHER IS ALWAYS WATCHING
Thesis:
This is shown through:
themes
characters
symbols
situations
Themes
paperweight
rooms
Situations
torture
death
“It was a heavy lump of glass…There was a peculiar softness, as of rainwater, in both the colour and the texture of the glass. At the heart of it there was a strange, pink, convoluted object.” (1.7.98-99).

Archetypal situations this represents:
Utopia vs Dystopia
The Ideal World
Control of Information/History

"...might complicate the records too much. What was needed was a piece of pure fantasy. Suddenly there sprang into his mind, ready made as it were, the image of a certain heroic circumstances". (Chapter V, Part 1, Page 49)
"Comrade Ogilvy who had never existed in the present, now existed in the past..." (Chapter V, Part 1, Page 50)
The door clanged open. As the young officer entered and stepped aside, there emerged from behind him a short stumpy guard with enormous arms and shoulders. He took his stand opposite the chinless man, and then, at a signal from the officer, let free a frightful blow, with all the weight of his body behind it, full in the chinless man's mouth. The force of it seemed almost to knock him clear of the floor. His body was flung across the cell and fetched up against the base of the lavatory seat. For a moment he lay as though stunned, with dark blood oozing from his mouth and nose. A very faint whimpering or squeaking, which seemed unconscious, came out of him. Then he rolled over and raised himself unsteadily on hands and knees. Amid a stream of blood and saliva, the two halves of a dental plate fell out of his mouth. (3.1.63)
He was walking down the white-tiled corridor, with the feeling of walking in sunlight, and an armed guard at his back. The longhoped-for bullet was entering his brain. He gazed up at the enormous face. Forty years it had taken him to learn what kind of smile was hidden beneath the dark moustache. O cruel, needless misunderstanding! O stubborn, self-willed exile from the loving breast! Two gin-scented tears trickled down the sides of his nose. But it was all right, everything was all right, the struggle was finished. He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother.
TORTURE
DEATH
Conclusion
Themes:
Language as Mind Control
Control of Information/ History
Characters:
Winston
Julia
Symbols:
paperweight
rooms
Situations:
torture
death
Ultimately, Orwell uses archetypes in 1984 as a backbone to the story but then he twists them around to show the loss of identity through:
Winston = Anti-hero
"He was already dead, he reflected. It seemed to him that it was only now, when he had begun to be able to formulate his thoughts, that he had taken the decisive step. The consequences of every act are included in the act itself. He wrote:

Thoughtcrime does not entail death:
thoughtcrime IS death.
"

(1.2.42-43)

Winston=Anti-hero
VS
VS
Winston
Adam
Superman
nerdy
unfit/weak
middle aged
= perfect anti-hero
young
strong
able
takes blame for Eve's actions
The (Anti) Hero's Cycle
The Call to Adventure

Seperation
Test/trials
Supreme Ordeal
Reward
The Return
sparked by O’Brien (Winston’s muse)

caught and tortured in Room 101 by O’Brien
brainwashed to love Big Brother = his ultimate defeat.
Julia = "Dumb Blonde"
Character
"You can turn round now," said Julia.

He turned round, and for a second almost failed to recognize her […]. The transformation that had happened was much more surprising than that. She had painted her face.
(2.4.29-31)


Julia = "Dumb Blonde"
Julia
Eve
feeds Winston’s fantasies of being a hero
used for the Male purpose.
cause of the downfall for the male
pressures Adam to give in to desires
cause of the downfall for the male
Julia = "Dumb Blonde"
never loses or regains her identity
used for the Male purpose
no forethought
tends to herself
(her immediate wants and needs).
Language as Mind Control

"You think, I dare say, that our chief job is inventing new words. But not a bit of it! We're destroying words-scores of them, hundreds of them, every day." (Just after Chapter V, Part 1, Page 53-54)
"Don't you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought?" (Chapter V, Part 1, Page 55")
Characters

universal human event of rebellion
Julia’s goals are short termed and easily attainable
Winston’s rebellion is universal, but all in his mind.

One should ask is it worth the consequences of the rebellion?
Paperweight
Rooms
Room 101

“You asked me once,' said O'Brien, 'what was in Room 101. I told you that you knew the answer already. Everyone knows it. The thing that is in Room 101 is the worst thing in the world.” (3.5.296).

Archetypal Situations this represents:
Heaven vs Hell
Full transcript