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The Ancient World/Mesopotamia

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Christopher Eikenbary

on 31 August 2016

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Transcript of The Ancient World/Mesopotamia

The Ancient World
Ancient Vocabulary
Prehistory
The time before recorded events
Artifact
An object made by man in the past
Neolithic Revolution
Discovery of agriculture, animals domestication, and the growing of towns
Nomads
People who do not live in one place
Bronze Age
A period in history when men began us to bronze tools and weapons
Systematic Agriculture
Maintaining good soil and rotating crops year round
Civilization
Dawn of Civilization
Humans Populate All the Major Land Masses of the World
Shift from hunting & gathering to agriculture
Led to permanent settlements
Establishment of social classes
Eventual rise of civilizations
Neolithic
Revolution
10,000 BCE: humans cultivate crops and domesticate animals
Villages continued to divide work between men and women
Women's status declined men took lead in most
areas of early
societies
Neolithic Revolution Great Discoveries
Four Early River Valleys
Neolithic Revolution – domestication of plants & animals
Organized Farming & village life
Food Surplus was created led to specialization of labor
Growth in population
Creation of complex societies requiring complex institutions which governed large scale projects like irrigation
How did they become civilizations?
Calendar to keep track of planting and harvesting
Simple metal tools such
as plows
Used animals to pull plows
Metal weapons developed as villages needed to protect their valuable resources.
Neolithic Age-New Technologies
Iron Age = new farms tools = food surplus
Farming and Pastoral Nomads replaced hunter-gatherers
Domesticated animals = beasts of burden = food surplus
Increased, healthier population living closer together in new urban areas
Increased immunities based on close proximity & better health
Population Growth & Development of Civilizations
Cultural connections increased through new trade routes
Developments of empires
Development of Writing systems to record taxes to pay for expanded governments
Development of great road building projects to encourage trade, uniform coinage, uniform weights & measurements
(Lydian's & Persians)
Mesopotamia

Sumerians 1st Civilization: 1st to build wheeled vehicles - 3500 BCE
built irrigation systems, dykes, and canals for better farming
Cuneiform system of writing – 1st
Sumerian- algebra and geometry
Sumerian: - city-states, Preist/Kings polytheistic,
MESOPOTAMIA – FERTILE CRESCENT
Sumerians 1st Civilization: 1st to build wheeled vehicles - 3500 BCE
built irrigation systems, dykes, and canals for better farming
Cuneiform system of writing – 1st
Sumerian- algebra and geometry
Sumerian: - city-states, Priest/Kings polytheistic,
MESOPOTAMIA – FERTILE CRESCENT
The Time Line
Ancient/Neolithic
Age 10,000 B.C.
Mesopotamia
3500 B.C.
Egypt
3200 B.C.
China 2100 B.C.
Fertile Crescent & Mesopotamia
Summarian Irrigation
First Writing
Babylonians: astronomy, Code of Hammurabi, was the first written laws in history
Hittites: first to mine iron ore to produce iron weapons & tools (Iron Age)
Assyrians: new military equipment - moveable towers and battering rams, 1st library of cuneiform tablets, chariot
Other Civilizations Fertile Crescent
Code of Hammurabi
First Iron
Movable Weapons
Manufacturing and trade, colonization around Mediterranean Sea
Phonetic Alphabet-22 letters

Phoenicians
Hebrews: Judaism - oldest known monotheistic religion
Founder-Abraham
Moses-Prophet: Ten Commandments 2000 BCE – Laws
Significant Writings-Torah and Talmud Book of laws & beliefs, as well as Old Testament of the Bible
Places of Worship-Jews worship in temples called synagogues
One God who is the creator of all things
Hebrews/Jews
10 Commandments
An advanced state of human society, in which a high level of language, culture, technology, industry, and government has been reached.
Ziggurats
Massive temples
Served for religious use
First large man made structures
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