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"Bleeding Kansas"

During the 1850s, the United States is deeply divided in two: the 'free-soilers' and the 'pro-slavery'. The formation of Kansas seperates these forces further with violence, fraud, and daring actions.

Maria Vogel

on 8 February 2013

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Transcript of "Bleeding Kansas"

"Bleeding Kansas" the struggle for Kansas; 1850's 1854 1856 1855
First election for a territory delegate to Congress.
1,700 armed Missourians (pro-slavery) crossed border into Kansas territory, threatening to make trouble.
Pro-slavery delegate is elected. November 1854: Subsequent violence and fraud lead to 2 governments in Kansas - a pro-slavery government and an antislavery government. May 21, 1855: Sack of Lawrence, pro-slavery mob storm into Lawrence to arrest leaders of antislavery government.

March 1855: fraud in voting - twice as many voting ballots as population - for territorial legislature. May 24, 1856: Pottawatomie Massacre; John Brown and Pottawatomie Creek seek revenge for Sack of Lawrence.

Presidential election of 1856: James Buchanan elected president The Sack of Lawrence The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 is what started it all. Proposed by Illinois U.S. senator Stephen A. Douglas, the act applied the system of popular sovereignty to how the Nebraska and Kansas territories. Suddenly, a mass of pro-slavery and antislavery supporters flooded Kansas... The struggle begins. Lesson... Origins of "Bleeding Kansas"
Brief timeline
Sack of Lawrence
Pottawatomie Massacre
Violence in Congress
the Dred Scott Decision
John Brown's Raid Pottawatomie Massacre Violence in Congress The Dred Scott Decision John Brown's Raid Lawrence, Kansas: town founded in 1854 by antislavery New England settlers
Center of antislavery movement in Kansas, New England abolitionists sent "Beecher's Bibles" to free soilers in Kansas for support.
population: 1500
May 21, 1856: 800 pro-slavery Kansans & Border Ruffians stormed into Lawrence to arrest antislavery leaders; destroyed two newspaper offices, burned and looted homes & shops, and smashed the Free State Hotel with cannons.
First casualty in American Civil War The term "Bleeding Kansas" was first coined by the publisher of the New York "Tribune" Horace Greeley to describe the violence that ensued in Kansas after the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
"Border Ruffians", Missourian pro-salvers, continually crossed border to ensure that Kansas would become a slave state. "I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood."
-John Brown, 1859 Enraged by the Sack of Lawrence, John Brown and a group of followers sought revenge
May 24, 1856: group killed five pro-slavery men involved in the pro-slavery Law and Order Party along Pottawatomie Creek
Brown escaped arrest and trial, but his two oldest sons did not.
Pottawatomie Massacre enraged pro-slavery southerners, especially Missourians, and led to guerrilla warfare Charles Sumner, Massachusetts senator and abolitionist, outraged by the Sack of Lawrence, gave a speech to the senate on May 21, 1856, attacking Missourians and South Carolina senator Andrew Butler
Two days after speech, Preston Brooks, representative of South Carolina and distant relative of Butler, beat senator Sumner with gold tipped cane several times. Angered by the abuse, the House of Representatives sought to expel Brooks, but could not collect enough votes to do so.
Brooks was fined $300 fine, but kept government position, received hundreds of canes from southerners to replace broken cane
Sumner was fatally injured by assault, unable to return to government for several years The Dred Scott Decision started on March 6th 1857.It was about a slave named Dred Scott who argued that by living in a territory where slavery was illegal he could become free. The Dred Scott Decision led to the prohibition of slavery in federal territories which striked the legitimacy of the emerging Republican party, therefore, the conflict over slavery became more intense. Justice Nelson was chosen to be the writer he of the Dred Scott Decision. The Court soon decided to throw out Nelson's decision when they found out that Nelson's majority opinion turned out to be the opinion of only himself. Chief Justice Roger ended up to be the writer of the Dred Scott Decision.The Dred Scott Decision contributed to the growing sectional crises. John Brown was an abolitionists who used violence to cancel slavery. John Brown's Raid happened on October 16, 1859. John Brown was the leader and prompter of Kansas. He wanted to make people more sensitive about the subject of slavery.John Brown claimed that just giving speeches to end slavery wouldn't help, any type of action against slavery helps.John Brown collected young men that include his sons and placed them under military instruction.Brown sent the members of his group to revolt in the places where there are slaves. Unfotunatly none of the slaves decided to run away and join Brown's revolt. John Brown's Raid ended when many of brown's men died during the fight and John Brown was sentenced to hang. additional link: http://www.history.com/videos/john-browns-raid#john-browns-raid
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