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Simple Past

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by

Vitor Meneses

on 27 February 2017

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Transcript of Simple Past

PAST
SIMPLE
< SUBJECT

I
John
We
My sister
Andrew
He
The teachers

MAIN VERB

run
watch
ed
laugh
ed
call
ed
went
ate
drank
COMPLEMENT >

yesterday.
Pokemon.
a lot.
the company.
to the beach.
my lunch!
too much!
We use the simple past tense to talk about situations that happened at a specific time in the
past.
REGULAR VERBS
PAST
SIMPLE
STUDY THE EXAMPLES:
What did you do yesterday?
I
visited
Ash.
We form the past of most verbs by adding
-ed
to their base form.
PAST
SIMPLE
STUDY THE EXAMPLES:
I
traveled
with my family last weekend.
They
played
with the kids
all day yesterday.
ANSWER ---> ANSWER
ED
CLEAN ---> CLEAN
ED
FINISH ---> FINISH
ED
JUMP ---> JUMP
ED
LOOK ---> LOOK
ED
SHOW ---> SHOW
ED
WALK ---> WALK
ED
WASH ---> WASH
ED
WATCH ---> WATCH
ED
WORK

---> WORK
ED
STUDY THE EXAMPLES:
For verbs ending in
-e
we add
-d.

PAST
SIMPLE
STUDY THE EXAMPLES:
I
typed
a lovely message to my brother.
I
loved
meeting him during our last vocation.
ARRIVE ---> ARRIVE
D
CHANGE ---> CHANGE
D
HOPE ---> HOPE
D
INVITE ---> INVITE
D
LIE ---> LIE
D
LIKE ---> LIKE
D
LIVE ---> LIVE
D
LOVE ---> LOVE
D
SNORE ---> SNORE
D
TYPE ---> TYPE
D
STUDY THE EXAMPLES:
For verbs ending
in a consonant +
-y
, we drop the
y
and add
-ied.
PAST
SIMPLE
STUDY THE EXAMPLES:
Yesterday, I
studied
to my
English test.
I
tried
to
do that.
STUDY THE EXAMPLES:
CARRY - CARR
IED
CRY - CR
IED
HURRY - HURR
IED
MARRY - MARR
IED
STUDY - STUD
IED
TRY - TR
IED
WORRY - WORR
IED

PAST
SIMPLE
For verbs ending in a single vowel and a consonant, we double the last consonant.
*
STUDY THE EXAMPLES:
Ash
preferred

to give me a new pokeball last
year.
The Team Rocket
robbed
mine three days ago.
STUDY THE EXAMPLES:
ADMIT ---> ADMIT
TED
CONTROL ---> CONTROL
LED
DROP ---> DROP
PED
OCCUR ---> OCCUR
RED
OMIT ---> OMIT
TED
PERMIT ---> PERMIT
TED
PLAN ---> PLAN
NED
PREFER ---> PREFER
RED
ROB ---> ROB
BED
SHOP ---> SHOP
PED
STOP ---> STOP
PED
STUDY THE EXAMPLES:
Ash
preferred
to give me a new pokeball.
Team Rocket
robbed
mine three days ago.
Some verbs in the past are irregular.
PAST
SIMPLE
STUDY THE EXAMPLES:
We
saw
a wonderful movie last night.
I
won
the battle yesterday.
BE ---> WAS/WERE
BREAK ---> BROKE
BRING ---> BROUGHT
BUY ---> BOUGHT
DO ---> DID
DRINK ---> DRANK
DRIVE ---> DROVE
EAT ---> ATE
FORGET ---> FORGOT
GO ---> WENT
HAVE ---> HAD
READ ---> READ
SEE ---> SAW
SPEAK ---> SPOKE
WIN ---> WON
WRITE ---> WROTE


STUDY THE EXAMPLES:
PAST
SIMPLE
STUDY THE EXAMPLES:
We
saw
a wonderful movie last night.
I
won
the battle yesterday.
To make interrogative sentences in the past, we use the auxiliary verb
did
and the main verb in the infinitive without
to
.
SUBJECT


I
John
we
my sister
Andrew
he
the teachers

MAIN VERB
(Base form)

run
watch
laugh
call
go
eat
drink
COMPLEMENT >


yesterday?
Pokemon?
a lot?
the company?
last week?
my lunch?
too much?
< DID


Did
Did
Did
Did
Did
Did
Did
PAST
SIMPLE
STUDY THE EXAMPLES:
I
did not

finish
my homework yesterday.
I
did not

ask
you anything.
To make negative sentences in the past we use the auxiliary verb
did + not (didn’t)
and the main verb in the
infinitive without
to
.
< SUBJECT


I
Jhon
We
My sister
Andrew
He
The teachers

DID NOT


did not
did not
did not
did not
did not
did not
did not
MAIN VERB
(Base form)

run
watch
laugh
call
go
eat
drink
COMPLEMENT >


yesterday.
Pokemon.
a lot.
the company.
to the beach.
my lunch!
too much!
PAST
SIMPLE
The past form of verbs is the same for all persons.
Simple Past
I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They
ate a pizza yesterday.
PAST
SIMPLE
PAST
SIMPLE
PAST
SIMPLE
AFFIRMATIVE FORM
INTERROGATIVE FORM
PAST
SIMPLE
NEGATIVE FORM
PAST
SIMPLE
STUDY THE EXAMPLES:
I
did not

finish
my homework yesterday.
I
did not

ask
you anything.
To make negative sentences in the past we use the auxiliary verb
did + not (didn’t)
and the main verb in the
infinitive without
to
.
< SUBJECT


I
Jhon
We
My sister
Andrew
He
The teachers

DID NOT


did not
did not
did not
did not
did not
did not
did not
MAIN VERB
(Base form)

run
watch
laugh
call
go
eat
drink
COMPLEMENT >


yesterday.
Pokemon.
a lot.
the company.
to the beach.
my lunch!
too much!
PAST
SIMPLE
NEGATIVE FORM
PAST
SIMPLE
Sue:
So _________ you _____________ (travel) on your last vacation?
Tim:
Yes, we did. We ___________________ (travel) abroad. We _____________ (go) to France.
Sue:
Really? I love France.
Tim:
We went to Paris and we _____________ (love) it.
Sue:
Where _________ you _____________ (stay) there?
Tim:
We _____________ (stay) in a hotel near the Eiffel Tower.
Sue:
Was it good?
Tim:
Yes, we _________ (like) it a lot. It _________ (be) very comfortable and near the subway station.
Sue:
What did you do there?
Tim:
We ________________ (visit) the museums, _____________ (walk) along the beautiful boulevards…
Sue:
I love walking in Paris!
Tim:
We sat at the cafés, ________________ (relax), and ________________ (watch) people passing by. We went on a boat tour on the Seine. My wife almost _________ (cry) watching the sunset from the boat. We also _________________ (listen) to a concert at the Opera House. It was awesome!
Sue:
Wow, it _________ (be) a great trip then.
Complete the conversation with the past form of the verbs in parentheses.
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