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Transcript of Sex-Ed
Adolescents who engage in sex report both postive and negative consequences
Adolescent males were more likely than their female counterparts to report having experienced only positive consequences and less likely to report having felt used or bad about themselves
Negative-guilt, pregnancy likely in females
Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, are methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy. Planning, provision and use of birth control is called family planning. Birth control methods have been used since ancient times, but effective and safe methods only became available in the 20th century.
STDs often don't have any signs or symptoms
It's important to visit your doctor regularly for sexually transmitted infection screening so you can identify and treat an infection before you pass it on
There are more than 20 types of STDs
Including: Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Genital Herpes, HIV/AIDS, HPV and Syphillis
Sexually transmitted diseases are infections that you get from having sex with someone has has the infection.
The causes of STDs are viruses, bacteria and parasites.
Chlamydia: a bacterial infection of your genital tract
Signs and symptoms:
lower abdomial pain
Gonorrhea: a bacterial infection of your genital tract
Signs and symptoms:
thick, cloudy or bloody discharge
pain or burning sensation upon urination
painful bowel movements and anal itching
the period during which adolescents reach sexual maturity and become capable of reproduction.
Human Sexual Behavior
Risks of Sexual Behavior
According to the CDC adolescents show high rates of STD infections
At the begining of emerging adulthood, age 18, about half Americans have had intercourse at least one, and by age 25 nearly all emerging adults have had intercourse at least once.
Males are more likely than females to have sexual attitudes that favor recreation sex.
Males tend to have sex with someone they have know for only a few hours, to have sex with one than more partner, and to have sex with an unknown person.
Rates on unwaned adolescent pregnacies remain high.
Reduce Sexual Risk Behaviors
Look for help
Schools, youth-serving organizations can help you to adopt lifelong attitudes and behaviors that support your health and well-being.
Reduce the risk for HIV, other STDs, and unwanted pregnancy!
Changes during Puberty
During puberty there are hormones sent from the brain to the gonads (ovaries and testes) to stimulate libido, and growth, function and transformation of the brain.
Girls: 8-13 years old
Boys: 9-15 years old
1º & 2º Sex Characteristics
Changes begin when a level of body fat is reached, the hypothalamus is triggered
Production of the sex hormones in the gonads (estrogen & androgen)
Hormonal increases lead to other bodily changes of puberty
Primary: ova (females) and sperm (males)
Secondary: pubic hair, growth spurt, underarm hair, and skin oil and sweat
females: breast development, menarche
males: change in voice, sperm production
Timing of Puberty
Effects of late onset
Effects of early onset
Average age of onset depends on the race, genetic, environmental factors (nutritional and social circumstances)
Girls: tend to have relatively few problems
Boys: have higher rates of alcohol use, delinquency, lower grades in school, higher levels of substance abuse, and deviant behavior, than "on time" boys
Girls: depressed mood, negative body image, eating disorders, substance abuse, delinquency, aggressive behavior, school problems
Boys: favorable body image, higher popularity, development of 2º sex characteristics is attractive to the girls
Unlike other methods of birth control, barrier methods are used only when you have sexual intercourse. Be sure to read the instructions before using a barrier method. It is very important that you use a barrier method correctly every time you have sex.
Diaphragm, cervical cap, cervical shield, male condom, and female condom and spermicidal foam, sponges, and film.
Condoms are the only ways to protect yourself from STDs or STIs.
Barrier with spermicide is the best possible barrier protection.
Pills- oral birth control combines hormones estrogen and progesterone (daily)
Patch- releases synthetic estrogen and progesterone through the skin (1-3 weeks replaced)
Ring- vaginal contraceptive releasing estrogen and progesterone (in for 3 weeks out for 1)
Implant- flexible plastic inserted under the skin of the upper arm, releases progesterone only (good up to 3 years)
Injection- a shot of progesterone (every 3 months)
intrauterine device- T-shaped plastic placed inside the uterine
copper IUD (every 12 years)
hormonal IUD- progesterone (every 3 years)
Estrogen & progesterone-suppress ovulation and thickens cervical mucus
Progesterone-reduce frequency of ovulation
Sexual activity is any voluntary
Sexual activity includes a wide range of
Some common sexual activities are:
anal and vaginal intercourse
People have sex for many reasons such as to have children
Not all of them are good reasons
Some reasons may include:
to express their love and commitment
to make up with a partner after having a fight
to prove themselves
Sex-education Presented by:
Arnett, Jeffrey. Human development: a cultural approach. Pearson. 2012
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sexuallytransmitteddiseases.html (Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sexually-transmitted-diseases-stds/in-depth/std-symptoms/art-20047081 (Sexually Transmitted Diseases)
http://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/sexuality/understanding-sexual-activity (Sexual Behavior)
Sexual Orientation (Source: David Myers, Ph. D.):
Recent polls suggest that 3-4% of men and 1-2% of women are homosexuals.
Personal values affect sexual orientation less than they affect other forms of sexual behavior.
A women’s sexual orientation tends to be less strongly felt and potentially more flexible than men’s.
Gays and lesbians suffer elevated rates of depression and risk of suicide attempts, likely resulting from bullying, harassment, and discrimination.
Sexuality is your body, including your sexual and reproductive anatomy and body image.
How you feel about your body your:
Biological sex — male, female, or intersex
Gender — being a girl, boy, woman, man, or transgender, or genderqueer
Gender identity — feelings about and how you express your gender
Your sexual orientation — who you're sexually and/or romantically attracted to your desires, thoughts, fantasies, and sexual preferences your values, attitudes, and ideals about life, love, and sexual relationships your sexual behaviors (including masturbation)
Sexual orientation- is the preferred term used when referring to an individual's physical and/or emotional attraction to the same and/or opposite gender. "Gay," "lesbian," "bisexual" and "straight" are all examples of sexual orientations.
Gender identity- distinct from the term "sexual orientation," refers to a person's innate, deeply felt psychological identification as a man, woman or some other gender, which may or may not correspond to the sex assigned to them at birth.
Gender expression refers to all of the external characteristics and behaviors that are socially defined as either masculine or feminine, such as dress, grooming, mannerisms, speech patterns and social interactions.
Transgender – or trans – is an umbrella term for people whose gender identity or expression is different from those typically associated with the sex assigned to them at birth (e.g., the sex listed on their birth certificate).
Transitioning is the process some transgender people go through to begin living as the gender with which they identify, rather than the sex assigned to them at birth.
Cross-dressing refers to people who wear clothing and/or makeup and accessories that are not traditionally associated with their biological sex.
Everyone is Different
What is consent?
Sexual activity requires consent, which is defined as voluntary, positive agreement between the participants to engage in specific sexual activity.
Consent to sexual activity can be communicated in a variety of ways, but one should presume that consent has not been given in the absence of clear, positive agreement.
While verbal consent is not an absolute requirement for consensual sexual activity, verbal communication prior to engaging in sex helps to clarify consent.
Communicating verbally before engaging in sexual activity is imperative. However potentially awkward it may seem, talking about your own and your partner's sexual desires, needs, and limitations provide a basis for a positive experience.
Consent must be clear and unambiguous for each participant at every stage of a sexual encounter. The absence of "no" should not be understood to mean there is consent.
A prior relationship does not indicate consent to future activity.
The term "sexual assault" covers behavior from unwanted touching to rape. Each state has its own legal definition and criminal code, and thus definitions of acts that constitute sexual assault vary. These definitions are gender neutral because sexual assault happens to both females and males, although the vast majority of sexual assault victims are females.
Oceanside high schools
* vulgar language in the beginning
Common STDs include: