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Copy of The Evolution of Parliament
Transcript of Copy of The Evolution of Parliament
After King John...
Kings came and went, and tried to nullify the Magna Carta. Some were successful. Some weren't.
Charles I (1625-1649) sought absolute power by
1. dismissing parliament.
2. imprisoning members and opponents without trial.
3. Taking property.
4. Behaving like an absolute monarch.
The monarchy was restored in 1660, when Parliament invited Charles II, back. Charles didn't mess with Parliament too much.
was a Catholic who believed in
"Divine right" and tried to assert it.
(W) Parliament overthrew James and invited his daughter Mary and her husband William (both Protestants) to rule England.
English Bill of Rights
Parliament presented the
English Bill of Rights
to William and Mary in 1689 as a condition for taking the throne.
It outlined the rights of Parliament, it proved that the king was no longer supreme--Parliament was.
The collection of Barons and bishops became the "Parliament". It had "power of the purse"
over the King.
In the 1300s, Parliament divided into the "House of Lords" and the "House of Commons"
House of Lords = Barons, Nobles and Bishops
House of Commons = Common people
18th Century: Hello, Prime Minister!
(W)In 1714 King George I appoints a
to do the grunt work.
Gradually, the PM gained more power at the monarch's expense.
The monarchs accepted this. By the 20th Century, the monarch was a mere figurehead, and Britain was essentially a Democracy.
The British Government Today
The Queen can...
... give or withold "Royal Assent" to a bill.
...Has Access to all government intelligence
...Has the right to be consulted by the PM
The Prime Minister...
...is the head of government, but chosen by Parliament--NOT the Queen
...is the leader of the majority party in the House of Commons.
...Controls the flow of all legislation.
In short, he is the "Power behind the throne".
The Leader of the Opposition...
...Leads the opposition (minority) party in the House of Commons
...Opposes all legislation proposed by the PM.
To run against the PM at the next election.
Every October, the Queen is given a speech by her PM that she must read before Parliament. This speech outlines the Prime Minister's goals for the coming year.
Every Tuesday, the PM must take questions from his fellow MP's (Members of Parliament). It can get quite crazy.
The Queen's Speech
Glorious Revolution (1688)
Queen Elizabeth II
(W)Among these rights were
1. "Power of the Purse" given to Parliament
2. Freedom of Petition
3. No Standing Armies
4. Right to bear arms
5. Freedom of Speech
6. No Cruel Punishments or excessive fines
7. Parliament shall meet frequently
Over time, established traditions guided Government policy. The king still had most of the power--especially over military matters.
He was overthrown in the "Glorious Revolution" in 1688.
In the Middle Ages, England was an absolute monarchy operating under the feudal system