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Copy of Copy of Thai Musical Instruments

Group number 9

Jordan Macaranas

on 6 July 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of Thai Musical Instruments

Thai Musical Instrument
Culture and Tradition in Thai Life
Thai Musical Instruments are divided
into 4 main categories

Regional Instrument
Musical Ensembles
Wong Pi Phat
1. Plucking
Krueng deed
Gra Jab Pi
Ancient fretted lute
Ja Khe
fretted floor zither
with three strings
lute used in the
Isan region of
northeastern Thailand
plucked lute from
the Lanna region
of northern
2. Bowed
higher two-string fiddle with hardwood body; used in classical music
Saw U
lower two-string fiddle with a coconut shell body; used in classical music
Saw Pip
or saw krapong- two-string fiddles with body made from a metal can; used in the Isan region of northeast Thailand; saw krapong is smaller
Saw Sam Sai
three-string spike fiddle with coconut shell body; used in classical music
Saw Bung
used in the Isan region of northeast Thailand
three-string spike fiddle used in the Lanna region
3. Striking
Klong Sa Bad Chai
Klong Ting Nong
Glong Teng Thing
Ensemble of percussion instruments and Pi
Phin-pia or Phin-phia
Ta-lor or Sa-lor
instrumental music
Double-reed wind instrument
Pi Phat Krueng 5 (5 main instruments)
Pi Phat Krueng Khu (Founded in King Rama III period)
Pi Phat Krueng Yhai (Added Ranad Lek and Metal Xylophone)
Pi Phat Nang Hong ( Nang hong ceremonials),
Pi Phat Duk Dum Ban
Pi Phat Mon(Replaced Gong Wong Yhai with Gong Wong and Tapone Mon included)
Krueng Sai Wong Lek
Krueng Sai Krueng Khu
Krueng Sai Pi Chawa
Krueng Sai Prasom
Pong Lang
Jakae (Kabue)
Pi Salai
Saw Kantrum
Klong Krantrum
String instruments, drums , hand cymbal and Khlui
Saw duang
Saw Sam Sai
Ranad Tum
Ranad Ek
Exclude Saw Sam Sai
Wong Krueng Sai
Thone Rammana
Gong Wong Lek
Gong Wong Yai
Combination of 2
Mahori Krueng Yhai
Mahori Krueng Khu
Mahori Krueng Lek
Wong Mahori
Instruments from both ensembles
Join stringed instrument with Mahori-sized xylophones and gong-cycle
Trae Phuang
Mong Ching
Klong Nora
Klong Thab
Smaller but higher pitch
Presence of Saw Sam Sai and Thon Ramana
Nijchaya M. 5431328821
Wasin W. 5431298621
Munchuporn T. 5431280221
Nichada W. 5431248221
Veeriya R. 5431300121
Kulaprapha T. 5431206921
Parita V. 5431256221
(percussion instruments and hammered dulcimer ;khrueang ti)
Hammered Dulcimer
Taphon or klawng taphon played with the hands and used in the piphat ensemble -
Glong thad usually played in a pair and used in the piphat ensemble
Rammana played with the hand
Thon played with the hand
Glong thap used primarily in southern Thai folk music
Mahorathuek dates back to the Dong Son culture of antiquity and today very rare
Bronze Drum
Khong chai huge hanging bossed gong used for indicating time
-Khong mong medium-sized hanging bossed gong used in Thai ensembles
-Khong meng used as a signaling device and in traditional parades with klawng yao
-Khong rao - three bossed gongs (small, medium, and large) suspended vertically in a wooden frame; rare
-Khong khu used in theater music and music of southern Thailand
-Wong khong chai - set of seven large bossed gongs suspended vertically in a circular frame
Ching - pair of small, thick cymbals joined by a cord; used to mark time
-Chap - pair of flat cymbals joined by a cord
Chap lek - smaller
Chap yai – larger
Shaken Bamboo
Angklung - set of tuned bamboo tubes mounted in a frame and shaken; generally played by a group. comes from Indonesia.
Khong Chimes
Khong wong lek comprises many small tuned bossed gongs mounted in a rattan frame
Khong wong yai comprises many small tuned bossed gongs mounted in a rattan frame
Khong mon usually primarily in funeral music
Khong rang set of eight tuned gongs suspended horizontally in a straight frame.
Ranat - generally played with two mallets and used in Thai classical and theater music
Ranat ek - higher xylophone, with bars usually made of hardwood
Ranat thum - lower xylophone, with bamboo or hardwood bars
Ranat ek lek - higher metallophone
Ranat thum lek - lower metallophone
Ranat kaeo - crystallophone; very rare
Pong lang - pentatonic log xylophone used in the Isan region
Nang Hong
Mixed with other type of instruments
Pairs of Glawng Kaek and Pi Chawa
Blowing Instrument

-Khlui () - vertical duct flute made of bamboo, hardwood, or plastic
Khlui lib ( or )
Khlui phiang aw ()
Khlui u ()
-Wot () Play by holding between the hands, and while rotating, blow downwards into the pipes.
-Khaen - mouth organ used in the Isan (northeastern) region
-Pi chum - free reed pipe used in the Lanna (northern) region
-Gourd mouth organ - used by the Akha, peoples of the upland regions of northern Thailand
-Jaw harp - played primarily among ethnic minorities of northern Thailand, as well as by the people of the Isan region of northeast Thailand
-Pi () double-reed oboe
Pi chanai () - possibly derived from the Indian shehnai
Pi chawa () - used to accompany Muay Thai
Pi klang ()
Pi mon () used for funeral music
Pi nai () - standard leading instrument used in the piphat ensemble
Pi nok ()
3. Oboes
-Trae - metal horn
-Sang - conch shell horn; also called trae sang
Metal Horns
2. Free Reed
1. Flutes
Full transcript