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Transcript of Elizabethan Music
-Elizabethan Court Music: High society music preformed mostly by string and keyboard instruments. The nobility hired the best musicians to preform in Queen Elizabeth's court, they had around 60 singers and musicians.
-Elizabethan Church Music: Elizabethan church music was commonly sung and composed by the court musicians. The music was always about how sacred Christianity was.
-Elizabethan Street Music: Street musicians were somewhat looked down upon as they traveled from town to town, but often were hired by the wealthy. Their music was light and cheerful. Street musicians were largely wiped out due to the Plague. The Plague was believed to have been brought with the traveling musicians so in many places they were banned.
-Elizabethan Town Music: This was the town band, also known as "The Waits" who would play whenever called upon by Nobility and for festivals.
-Elizabethan Theater Music: Music wasn't heavily incorporated into theaters until the Elizabethan era and the time of William Shakespeare, who is accredited for this change, it's said the change came from his infusing of music into his plays. Instruments played during the Elizabethan Era The Elizabethans had a variety of instruments, such as string instruments, wind instruments, keyboard instruments and percussive instruments. Some String Instruments - The Lute was the most commonly used string instrument during Elizabethan times. The Chitarrone was also quite common as it was a larger version of a Lute that was almost 6 feet tall Lutes and Chitarrone - The fiddle was used often by street musicians and was played like the modern day violin. The strings were plucked and played using a bow. A "Hurdy Gurdy" was a variation of the fiddle that was played with a crank that turned a wheel to create noise from the friction. - The Psaltery was played like a lute, except its sound box was trapezoidal and it had 12 strings. The Psaltery The Hurdy Gurdy Wind Instruments - The pipe, flute and recorder were popular instruments during the Elizabethan times. The flute had the same basic structure as flutes today do, and the pipe and recorder were also very similar to what we have today. - The bagpipes were often played by the poor and they usually depicted poverty. They were made using sheep or goats skin and reed pipes, which made it easier to make compared to upper class instruments. Composers of the Elizabethan Era Some of the more well know composers of the Elizabethan Era were:
-William Byrd (1543-1623),
-Thomas Campion (1567-1620),
-John Dowland (1563-1626),
-John Farmer (1570-1601),
-Orlando Gibbons (1583-1625),
-Robert Johnson (1500-1560)
-Thomas Tallis (1505-1585) William Byrd "Agnus Dei - Mass for five voices" Thomas Tallis - Lamentation Consort Music Elizabethan musicians enjoyed experimenting with music, sounds, and various combinations of instruments. The most popular combination came to be known as the 'English Consort'. This consisted of 4 instruments:
The English Consort then came to be the first English string quartet. Browning my dere,English Consort Music Bibliography http://www2.si.umich.edu/chico/instrument/pages/lutes_gnrl.gif http://www.strangeling.com/angelwithapsalterydetail3.jpg http://www.buzzle.com/articles/elizabethan-music.html http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-zl1c8oRsmW0/T3X5vwCejSI/AAAAAAAAAIo/s8LoyzNhZsw/s1600/instruments+hurdy.jpg http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-musical-instruments.htm http://www2.si.umich.edu/chico/instrument/pages/lutes_gnrl.gif