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The Modal Verbs

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by

Decebal Ignat

on 31 March 2016

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Transcript of The Modal Verbs

The Modal
Verbs

Could
1. pourrais
- I could help you if you want.
2. pouvais



3. polite permission / polite request



Could + Verb
Be able to
Be able to + Verb

= être capable de (physical ability)

in the PRESENT

in the PAST

in the FUTURE
Should
Should + Verb

1. advice -
donner des conseils
tu devrais (vraiment)
tu ne devrais pas ...

2. hesitation
Have to
HAVE to ... + VB / DON'T HAVE to ... + VB

1. external OBLIGATION
(the laws, the authority, the rules)
AFFIRMATIVE - I have to ... / you have to ...
je dois (on m'oblige, j'ai pas le choix d'obéir)




NEGATIVE - I don't have to... / you don't have to...
not obliged
(but you can do it if you want)
Must
Must + Verb

1. PERSONAL OBLIGATION
I must ... / You must ...
je dois parce que je le veux, je me dois de ...



2. INTERDICTION
I mustn't ... / you mustn't
...

je ne dois pas / tu ne dois pas
Shall
Can
Shall/Should + Verb



1.

HESITATION
2. SUGGESTIONS

= devrais-je ... ? / devrions-nous ... ?
= veux-tu qu'on ... ?
May
Might
May + Verb

1. POSSIBILITY
= peut-être que / il se peut que / il est possible que


2. PERMISSION (very POLITE)

Might + Verb

POSSIBILITY, BUT less probable
il est peu probable que ça arrive





Would

Would + Verb

1. THE CONDITIONAL

(le conditionnel présent)
Can + Verb

1. pouvoir/être capable de ...


2. permission
(with FRIENDS/FAMILY)



3. making a suggestion
(faire une suggestion)

4. making a request
(faire une demande)



physically
mentally
Can I help you?
How can I help you?
permission
= Puis-je SVP ...
present ability
past ability
future ability
suggestion
2. POLITE REQUESTS (demandes)
Would you like
to eat anything?
What
would you like
to eat/drink?

3. POLITE INVITATIONS
Would you like
to go to the movies?
Would you like
to play golf this Friday?
Full transcript