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AS Sociology - Culture and identity lesson 6

Construction of identity

Amanda Lane

on 20 September 2016

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Transcript of AS Sociology - Culture and identity lesson 6

How do we construct our identity?
These symbols can be either 'formal' or 'informal'
Interactionists such as Goffman (1959) see the concept of the self like a social performance.
We also use social 'props' in order for us to execute our performances effectively.
How do we manage our performance?
There are many 'symbols' that connect people to the institutions in society. These symbols are considered forms of social identity.
Formal denotes an element of legality, requirement or consequence.
Informal denotes choice, preference or a non-legal requirement.
Identify formal and informal symbols of social identity for each institution.
Social identity refers to how we fit into society and how we relate to the institutions that form society.
Interactionist sociologists believe we have 2 distinct identities: Our social identity and our self identity.
Self identity refers to how people feel about themselves.
Hand gestures and insults!
The internal and external self.
Concepts of the 'self'
It has been suggested that the self is divided into 2 components: 'Me' & 'I'
The concept of the self is partly constructed through what others think of us, and partly how we interpret the world around us.
Life is stage and we are all social actors!
'Me' is our external social self. It allows us to function in society by participating in social interactions .
'I' is our inner private self. Only a few people are privy to this side of us.
What is your 'ME' and 'I' identity?
We have a front stage (me) and a back stage (I)
What social props do you think your 'actor' needs to execute their performance well?
Appropriate behaviour
Body language
Tone of voice
What makes us good 'actors'?
To understand the Interactionist perspective on how our identity is formed.
Lesson Objective
'Moutza' (Greece)
Ancient Greek insult that
means 'eat S***'

The Fig Sign - Considered highly offensive in Greece, Indonesia, Japan, Russia, Serbia and Turkey. In Portugal and Brazil however it is considered lucky.
A signal for the word okay; especially as a diving signal. It is considered obscene in Latin America.
In Greece, Latin America, Middle East, Russia, Sardinia, Western Africa this is highly offensive
In India, Pakistan this hand gesture means 'screw you!'
This gesture has demonic connotations but is used as a way of saying 'I love you' in American culture.
Full transcript