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History of the Computer Timeline

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Ryan Chin

on 22 February 2013

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Transcript of History of the Computer Timeline

By: Ryan Chin History of the Computer 1937: The Z1 The Z1 was the first programmable computer ever built by a German named Konrad Zuse.

This was the first functional computer which impacted history and the way on how future computers will be made.

This is more important than others because this was considered to be the beginning of the modernized era. 1911: IBM IBM is a company that makes computer hardware and softare. Before this, it was called the CTR.

IBM impacted history because the company wouldn't have started unless it was combined with 3 other companies. The companies were the Tabulating Machine Company, the International Time Recording company and the Computing Sale Company.

This is more important than other companies because this has ended up being one of the most important companies in the computer generation. 1941: The ABC The ABC is the first digital computer made by John Atanasoff and Cliff Berry.

This impacted the way that the next digital computer (the ENIAC) was made.

This is more important than other events because this was truly the first digital computer but people still considers the ENIAC the first since it was functional. 1949: The EDSAC The EDSAC was the first stored programmable computer.

It impacted history by leading the way to how computer software and games would be made.

This is more important than other events because it was the first to run a computer game named baby. 1949: The Electronic Controls Company The Electronic Controls Company was the first franchise to sell computers.

This impacted history because the company would be the first to lead the way in new computer companies(for example, Dell and HP).

This is more important than other events because the founders of the company are the same people who made the ENIAC, which would bring the expertise to the franchise. 1904: Vacuum Tube In 1904, John Fleming invents the electron tube called the Fleming valve and made the vacuum tube diode.

This impacted history because future computers would use the vacuum tube.

This is more important than other events because this is the first time the tube has been introduced and they were needed in the future years. 1948: MTC The mathematical theory of communication was a new way to code data to check accuracy after transmission between computers.

This impacted the way to how coding data would be better used in future events.

This is more important than other events because it was really the first time used and it would be considered the basic unit of computation. 1953: First Printer The first high speed printer was made in 1953 and was only first used for Univac computer. At the start, the printer printed very slowly. But now, printing something couldn't be easier.

This impacted history because people were able to print whatever they want in a more professional look.

This is more important than other events because future printers(ex. inkjet printers) were able to be made since it was based on the other printer. 1960: First Minicomputer In 1960, a company called digital equipment corporation invents the first ever minicomputer called the PDP-1. The PDP series had 11 computers in total(the most of its type).

This impacted history because newer laptops and small computers were able to grow from the PDP-1 and its components.

This is more important than other events because it was the first ever computer with its size to have a five-megacycle circuit, a magnetic core memory, and fully parallel processor. 1964: First Computer Mouse The first computer mouse was actually a prototype first used only for windows. The creator of this was Douglas Engelbart.

This impacted history since this invention was only nicknamed the mouse and there was no official name.

This is more important because this is considered to be one of the most useful inventions created for the computer. Because of this, Douglas Engelbart was awarded the 1997 Lemelson-MIT Prize of $500,000, the world's largest single prize for invention and innovation. 1967: First Video Game Console A German engineer named Ralph Baer made the first ever working video console called the Brown Box. They made 12 games that would work for the console.

This impacted history because it was the first game console that's computer based since it has a vacuum tube circuit.

This is more important than other events because it's the first ever video game console with these type of specifications. 1968; HP 9100A The HP 9100A was an early computer/programmable calculator. They call it a desktop calculator because they thought if it was called the computer, consumers wouldn't look into it.

This impacted history because it was the first computer/calculator without integrated circuits.

This is more important than other events because this is considered to be the first scientific calculator and would influence how scientific calculators would be made later. 1971: Intel 4004 The Intel 4004 was the first microprocessor with a clock speed of 740 kHz with a price tag of $200.00. The person who created this was Ted Hoff.

This impacted history because this was considered to be the new era in integrated electronics at the time.

This is more important than others because it let engineers but the product as a "building block" to make customized software. 1975: IBM 5100 The IBM 5100 was the first portable computer. It was 55 pounds with only a 5 inch display screen.

This impacted history because it was the first computer to be considered a laptop.

This is more important than other events because it started the way of how portable computers would be made in the future. 1976: Apple 1 The Apple 1 is the first computer from Apple that was made in 1976. It sold for $666.66 and the computer was created by Steve Wozniak.

It impacted history because the computer would be a first impression of the company when it was released.

This is more important than other events because this computer would only be the beginning of the very successful company. 1982: First Computer virus The first computer virus was made by Rich Skrenta as a 15-year old high school student at the time. Elk Cloner was the name of the virus. It was put on a floppy disc and when it was inserted, the virus would spread.

This impacted history because although Elk Cloner wasn't the first virus to be made, it was the first ever virus to be able to spread like wild fire.

This is more important than other events because this came out to be one of the biggest surprises when it comes to viruses. Elk Coner was never intended to be a virus. Rich Skrenta made it just to be a joke, but it ended out being the first virus to spread rapidly. 1982: The Reaper The Reaper was the first anti-virus software used fore the virus, Creeper.

This impacted history because it was the first software to be able to deal with the virus completely.

This is more important than other events because this is the only anti-virus software that would completely delete the virus unlike others that would just stop the spreading. an example of an anti-virus software 1975: Microsoft In 1975, Bill Gates and Paul Allen introduces Microsoft, a company that makes software.

This impacted history because it was the only company that could make such a big variety of computer and software products.

This is more important than other companies because the company now becomes the largest software maker in the world and is now considered to be one of the most valuable companies in the world. 1996: Nitendo 64 1979: Atari 400 & 800 The Atari 400 and 800 were introduced in 1979. The 400 microcomputer was meant to be strictly a game console while the 800 was served primarily as a regular computer.

This impacted history because it was the first company to have a game console and a regular computer as microcomputers.

This is more important than other events because sales were surprisingly good, even though they had technical and marketing problems, and they faced strong competition (for example, the Apple II, and TRS-80 computers). 1953: Magnetic Core Memory In 1953, a magnetic core memory was first made for the Whirlwind computer. It was made at the MIT by Jay Forrester.

This impacted history by proving customers and critics that the magnetic core memory would make computers more reliable, faster, and easier to make.

This is more important than other events because this would allow many to enjoy their computer more and wouldn't have to worry about it breaking down. the system of storage remained popular until the introduction of semiconductors in 1970. 1971: E-Mail In 1971, the first e-mail is sent by Ray Tomlinson. The first message over a military network called ARPANET. To everyone's surprise, he was actually supposed to be working on a different project at the time.

The first e-mail impacted history because Ray was credited with being the first to decide to use the @ sign for use in e-mail. The @ sign has always been used in e-mail ever since.

This is more important than other events because e-mail has now been one of the most popular ways to communicate via the computer. 1972: Intel 8008 The Intel 8008 was the predecessor of the 4004 version. The 8008 has made drastic changes from this.

The Intel 8008 impacted history because this was the start of microprocessors allowing lowercase and uppercase letters, numbers and other symbols.

This is more important than other events because this would allow the computer to be more versatile. 2001: Ipod In 2001, Apple created the line called the Ipod. This was first created when Apple thought existing digital music players were big and clunky with user interfaces that were terrible.

This impacted history because this would be the start of new digital music players. The Ipod was a huge success because of the improvements from other interfaces.

This is more important than other events because it could perform a bigger variety of functions and play a lot of songs. 1994: Yahoo Yahoo is a search engine made by Stanford graduates Jerry Yang and David Filo. It was initially called Jerry's Guide to the World Wide Web before being named Yahoo.

This impacted history because Yahoo would be one of the most popular sites on the internet.

This is more important than other events because this would allow customers to research any topic of their choice. Yahoo would become one of the biggest search engines on the internet. The Nitendo 64 was a mass marketed system and the last to use cartridges.

This impacted history because this has become one of the most famous game consoles to be made which made nitendo popular.

This is more important than other events because the console has released some of the most successful games in the market. For example, Mario 64 and the Legend of Zelda has become successful in the future. THE END References http://inventors.about.com/library/blcoindex.htm

http://www.computerhistory.org/timeline/

http://www.computerhope.com/history/

http://www.time.com/time/interactive/0,31813,2029221,00.html

http://www.historyofcomputer.org/

http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/history/decade_1900.htm
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