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What is Portraiture?

KS3 and 4
by

Jonny Allison

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of What is Portraiture?

Portraiture:
What is it??

Discuss the Questions:
Why do you take selfies? Do you think these are counted as portraits?
Portraits have been used throughout history, but the reasons they have been created have changed over time.

The first portraits that were used date back as far as 3100BC!

These portraits were simple and formed.


Interesting Fact:
The Greeks and Romans were the first ones to put a portrait of an important figure on their coins and money.
Portraiture: A Historical view.
The Renaissance
During the Renaissance, portraiture saw a re-birth, it was used to
visually document
royals, nobles and religious figures.

The artist used
symbols
to tell the story of the sitter. These portraits were mainly used to depict the
status and character
of the sitter.
Group discussion:
Why do you think portraiture was important at this time for visual portrayal of a persons character or status?
Do you think it is still used like this today?
How are these ancient portraits useful for people of today?
What things can they communicate about the time they existed?
What information can we discover about the sitter from a portrait?
After the renaissance, majority of portraits were painted by artists as commissioned works. Because of this, portraits were mainly of the wealthy or royalty.

Painting materials were expensive and artists were highly regarded people who's time was very valued.
With the invention of modern camera's portraiture has become much more accessible to all forms of people. No more are portraits created only for the wealthy or famous. You, me and anyone else can use a camera and create a portrait of ourselves, our friends and our families!
Portraiture continued in much of the same fashion until the 19th Century when artists began painting nameless models!!
During the modern art movement a vast number of artists emerged over time utilizing a number of crazy- out - there painting and drawing techniques to depict their sitter. These methods often created conflict and controversy in the art-world. In some cases, the artist was even taken to court for 'wrongly' calling their work a portrait!
Interesting fact:
To be an artist in the 16th C, you were often an apprentice who lived with your mentor. Being an artist was considered a very respected trade. This was because artists were often thought to be depicting a vision of God with their painting abilities.
King Henry viii c1536, by Hans Holbein the Younger.
James Abbott McNeill Whistler, (1871) "Portrait of the artist mother"
19th Century art.
Modern Art - 20th Century
William Dobell (1943) "Portrait of Joshua Smith"
Tim Storrier (2012),
The histrionic Wayfarer (after Bosch)
Name some symbols that you can see in Storrier's work:
Do you think this
is a portrait?
New vs Old
Draw
Your excursion...........
You will be going to the National Art Gallery at Canberra. You will be required to look at works from a critical perspective and:
Draw sketches of two of the works (preferably two works that are significantly different from each other) you like and write down the citations of those works.
Write down some symbols you can see in the work.
Think about those signs and symbols, what can we discover about the sitter from those?
What do you think the artist was aiming to communicate to the audience through these portraits?
What frames can be used to view these works through? Provide evidence. (Cultural, Subjective, Post-Modern, Structural)
What structural devices are used by the artist to convey meaning?
The Camera!
With the invention of the Camera in the 1800's artists began to practice art-making in a whole new way! Having access to camera's meant that artists could capture the image of a person more quickly then ever before. It also meant that the act of painting became easier as artists could use photos for references instead of having the sitter pose for hours on end.

You will be drawing your own self portrait next week!
Definition:
A portrait is a tool used to visually describe the essence and or physicality of a person.
Task:
After watching that video, in your group, discuss the definition for portraiture.
Name some of the differences and similarities.
Homework:
Draw: 3-5 pictures of some symbols that visually represent you: They can be a sketch of some of your physical features, or less literally, sketches of things that represent you.
For example;
if your a chatter box you might draw a speech bubble or a mobile phone. If your a kind, giving person you might draw hands, and if you love art, you might draw a paint brush!
The Wayfarer, Bosh 1510
Learning Intentions
1. Understand the purpose of portraiture and what it is.
2. Compare and contrast a historical and modern day portrait.
3. Develop your drawing skills on the features of the face.

Hans Holbein
"The Embassadors" c. 1533
This picture memorialises two wealthy, educated and powerful young men. On the left is Jean de Dinteville, aged 29, French ambassador to England in 1533. To the right stands his friend, Georges de Selve, aged 25, bishop of Lavaur.
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