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The 'Bits' are VITAL

This prezi explores the effects the vital parts of the saxophone have on the sound produced
by

Leana Critchell

on 17 April 2011

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Transcript of The 'Bits' are VITAL

Reeds Visual Problems Reed
Vibration Mouthpiece Neck Body
Better... Having a good instrument isn’t a want for musicians, but a necessity The quality of sound produced by a saxophone relies on a specific combination of the vital parts of the saxophone Vital Parts:

Reed
Mouthpiece
Ligature
Neck
Body “The principal task of the reed is its function as an air valve which opens and closes on the mouthpiece at various speeds. The rate of speed, or frequency, of this operation controls the pitch of the tone and is governed by the size and shape of the body of air it must set in vibration.” Coase grain
Inconsistent grain widths
Grain discolouration
Lack of symmetry
Imperfections in the
flatness of the table A reed changes it's vibration
with every new pitch The reed must be versatile! Alter speed quickly and efficiently on each new tone
Vary amplitude on every change of volume
Stop and start as articulated
Characteristics necessary to produce the best timbre!
Journal of the Acoustical society of America Reed Strengths Measured from grade 1- 5 in half steps Hard reeds:
Louder
Altissimo notes

Soft reeds:
Low notes
Vibrato
Tonal improvements Jazz:
Wide tip mouthpieces
Soft reeds

Classical:
Narrow tip mouthpieces
Hard reeds The core purpose of the saxophone mouthpiece is to allow the reed to vibrate in a controlled way Adolphe Sax's specifed the interior shape to be large and round.
(refer to your brochure!) Narrow-chambered mouthpiece was developed in 1930's by jazz musicians Large interior gave a mellow, soft, rounded timbre Narrow chamber gave a brighter, rougher, 'edgier' timbre Distortion of Sax's tonal concept? The ideal case Ligature The ligature changes/affects the sound depending on how the reed and mouthpiece are working together Flat mouthpiece table
No reed swelling
Evenly placed pressure from the ligature Reed swelling Convexed table
No reed swelling
Use of ligature with pressure placed on the sides of the reed Concave table Concave table
If no reed swelling
Use of ligature with pressure placed on the middle of the reed
Note - Concave table usually compensates for reed swelling The neck of the saxophone has been developed to give saxophonists freedom to create their desired tonal qualities Continuous Arc Bright, powerful shape
Resistance and timbre even at full volume
Useful when projection is needed
Best suited to jazz lead player 2/3 Cylinder then Flare Warm, flexible shape
Easily changeable timbre
More prominent lower register Reverse Taper Tenor only
Balances sound
Gives emphasis to high register
Allows player to push more sound without the sound becoming harsh and brittle
Give character to upper register palm keys Straight Cylinder Most stable
Balanced sound between all registers
Holds centre tone at extreme volumes
Disallows sound to break at high volumes THE SAXOPHONE WAS INVENTED! Designed and built the saxophone in early 1840's Intent was to build an instrument of a brass-like nature as well as holding qualities of woodwind Undergone many minor improvements/
developments
Basic design has never been changed Register: Saxophone Family: Soprano (Bb)
Alto (Eb)
Tenor (Bb)
Baritone (Eb)
Bass (Bb) Transferring:
Adjustment to size
Concept of tone production and other remains the same The quality of sound produced by a saxophone relies on a specific combination of the vital parts of the saxophone
Full transcript