Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Health Economics

No description
by

Kosol Kongngamkam

on 13 August 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Health Economics

ICER
ICER
ICER
Health Economics for NLEM 2013
What is Health Economics?
a broad-based subdiscipline of economics
concerned with maximizing benefits within available resources
overlaps with a number of topics, both within and apart from, health and medicine
interacts with many other disciplines
encompasses more than economic evaluation alone
a significant role in health care decision-making at policy and clinical level
Types of Economic Evaluation
Cost Effectiveness Analysis
Cost Utility Analysis
Cost Benefit Analysis
Why NLEM needs Economic Evaluations?
HE Requirements in NLEM 2013
8.2.5
NLEM 2013 Submission - Appendix 1
Usefule Resources
PBS <http://www.pbs.gov.au/info/industry/listing/elements/pbac-meetings/psd/public-summary-documents-by-product>
Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
Cost-Utility Analysis
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Natural units
LY
DALY
QALY
Decision tree
Markov model
Static/Dynamic
Provider
Payer
Patient
Society
Present value
3%
ICER
Incremental Cost
Incremental Outcomes
Cost - Cost
Outcomes - Outcomes
A
A
B
B
Cost - Cost
QALY gianed - QALY gained
A
A
B
B
Cost
QALY
Threshold (NLEM 2013) = 160,000 Baht/QALY
Utilities
, or preference weights, are:
– A quantitative approach for describing
preferences for quality of life.
– Typically based on a 0 to 1 scale, where:
• 0 = death.
• 1 = perfect health.
QALY = Quality-Adjusted Life Year = LY *
Utilities
Scarce resources
Keywords Search
"generic name" +cost +effective +effectiveness +utility +analysis +economic +evaluation
Current treatment
Extra Cost
QALYs gained
Cost/QALY
Low extra cost
High QALY gained
High extra cost
Low QALY gained
New treatment dominated
New treatment dominates
New treatment is cost-effective in shaded region
Cost-effectiveness threshold
General Decision Rules of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
Rules for Comapring Multiple Options
Threshold = 160k Baht/QALY
ICER = 60k Baht/QALY
ICER = 340,k Baht/QALY
A
B
C
E
D
Indefinite demands
Centre of Excellence [GSK]
Google scholar <http://scholar.google.co.th/
PubMed <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed>
NICE <http://www.nice.org.uk/>
Full transcript