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War and Diplomacy of the 1990's
Transcript of War and Diplomacy of the 1990's
What Happened? A terrorist placed a car bomb below the North Tower of the World Trade Center. Was intended to knock the North Tower into the other tower when detonated. The bomb failed to do this but still wound up killing 6 people and injuring over 1,000 people.
A granite memorial was built in Austin J. Tobin Plaza.
There were allegations of Iraqi involvement.
The Oklahoma City bombing was a bomb attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City.
The Bombing was done by Timothy McVeigh, an American militia movement sympathizer who detonated an explosive-filled truck parked in front of the building.
The blast killed 168 people and injured about 700.
As a result of the bombing, the U.S. government passed legislation designed to increase the protection around federal buildings to deter future terrorist attacks. From 1995 to 2005, over 60 domestic terrorism plots were foiled due to preventive measures taken in response to the bombing
WAR AND DIPLOMACY of the 1990's Diplomacy The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union between 27 member countries, located primarily in Europe.
The European Union was formally established when the Maastricht Treaty came into force on 1 November 1993, and in 1995 Austria, Sweden, and Finland joined the newly established EU.
The European Union serves as a diplomatic and economic body to regulate European affairs.
The EU was formed primarily by the Maastricht treaty of 1992
The European Union Civil War The Soviet Union dissolution took place during
the time interval of January 19, 1990, to December 31, 1991
On December 8, 1991, the leaders of the Russian, Ukrainian, and Belarusian republics met in Belavezhskaya Pushcha and signed the Belavezha Accords declaring the Soviet Union dissolved and replacing it with the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). Gorbachev described this as an unconstitutional coup, but it soon became clear that the development could not be halted.
Wars Somali Civil War 1991-Present
Rwandan Genocide was the 1994 mass killing of an estimated 800,000 people.
In 1990, a rebel group composed mostly of Tutsi refugees called the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) invaded northern Rwanda from Uganda. The Rwandan Civil War, fought between the Hutu regime
and the Tutsi people.
During this time there was alot of death and rape in rural villages.
The UN tried to instill peace but did not act quick enough and violence in the region continued on.
The Somali Civil War is an ongoing civil war taking place in Somalia. The conflict, which began in 1991, has caused destabilisation and instability throughout the country, with the current phase of the conflict seeing the Somali government losing substantial control of the state to rebel forces.
There is a coalition of US Peacekeepers put here.
In the period between June and October, 1993, several gun battles in Mogadishu between local gunmen and peacekeepers resulted in the death of 24 Pakistanis and 19 US soldiers (total US deaths were 31), most of whom were killed in the Battle of Mogadishu. 1000 Somali militia were killed in that battle. The Security Council in Resolution 837 condemned the attacks.
The Gulf War 1990-1991 The Gulf War was perhaps the most efficient war in American History, at least when considering the cost in American lives. It proved that U.S. technology and U.S. military doctrine is a potent force when applied to the world stage. Years after the war's end there are disagreements about whether the U.S. was justified in waging war against Iraq and over whether the war was prosecuted far enough.
Caused by the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait
Lee, Roger A. The Persian Gulf War. N.p., 6 Feb. 2010. Web. 13 May 2010. <http://www.historyguy.com/GulfWar.html>.
Genocide in Rwanda. United Human Rights Council, n.d. Web. 13 May 2010. <http://www.unitedhumanrights.org/genocide/genocide_in_rwanda.htm>.
"Somalia." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 13 May. 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/553877/Somalia>.
"international organization." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 13 May. 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/291157/international-organization>.
As several republics of Yugoslavia seceded, separatism was advocated also by the Albanian population in Kosovo. The initial peaceful political line was increasingly replaced in the mid 1990s and in 1996 UCK (Kosovo Liberation Army) declared its goal to establish an independent Kosovo. The armed conflict escalated in 1998 and it was not until NATO launched its air bombardment campaign in 1999 and intense negotiations were conducted that the conflict was terminated. Diplomacy and War in the 1990's The overall diplomatic tensions of this decade declined in relation to previous decades. The formation of the European Union stabilized peace in much of Europe and the dissolution of the Soviet Union ended the Cold War.
Wars involving the US were brief and concise, with little casualties. The major war the US participated in was the Gulf War. The US also contriubuted aid to the United Nations to help fight other wars such as the Kosovo War. This aid also was meant to help secure peace in wartime and disasterous situations such as the Rwandan Genocide and the Somali civil war. CLICK HERE TO START Before After