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from The Iroquois Constitution

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Lynne Bryan

on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of from The Iroquois Constitution

When Iroquois tribes in present day New York State were torn apart by fighting, one man stepped in to instill peace.
Dekanawida believed from an early age that he was predestined to unite the Iroquois nation. He said:
"It is my business to stop the shedding of blood among human beings."
He went on a spiritual quest to perform his destined work. On this quest he met Hiawatha and the two forged a strong friendship.
In 1570, the two leaders established an alliance among the five nations of the Iroquois - the Seneca, Cayuga, Oneida, Onondaga, and Mohawk.
Dekanawida created the alliance's constitution, which established rules for decision making and debate.
Around 1600, after he had completed his work, he mysteriously vanished. But thanks to the peaceful government he had helped create, the confederacy was able to resist outside pressures for almost two hundred years.
Summary of Iroquois Constitution:
Dekanawida explains how five nations are to unite and conduct their relations on a site he determines in Onondaga territory. The constitution details the arrangement of the matriarchal society, how leaders should conduct themselves, what festivals to observe, and what symbols represent the Confederacy.

The next part is on the test!
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