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Maslow's Hierarchy in LOTF
Transcript of Maslow's Hierarchy in LOTF
-Respect is admiring someone-
The other boys instead feared Jack like they feared the beast.
Characters from the text cannot seek higher levels of the hierarchy unless their current need is satisfied
Has lost family, so cannot focus on accepting facts or gaining confidence
Cannot gain respect from some boys, so cannot focus on problems or morality
Demonstrates all levels thanks to the security of thinking his father will rescue them
Maslow's Hierarchy in Lord of the Flies
Morality, creativity, spontaneity, problem solving, lack of prejudice, acceptance of facts
Nick Jones, Mollie Schmid, Will Goldberg, Johnny Keeley, and Delaney Schultz
Level 1: Basic Needs
Security of body, resources, and employment
Luxury is irrelevant
Primary goal is Necessity
In the Text
Primary goal is to survive
Basic idea of Maslow's First Level
Conducts initial survey of island
Mainly concerned with providing food
Organizes the Hunters to obtain meat
"There's pigs... There's food; and bathing water in that little stream over there- and everything." (Golding, 35)
"It's a good island. Until the grownups come to fetch us we'll have fun." (Golding, 35)
The boys must make sure they have basic amenities
Only then can they focus on more complex aspects of life
"Piggy took of his shoes and socks, arranged them
on the ledge, and
tested the water
with one toe." (Golding, 13)
He was hesitant to undress and get in the water because he lacked confidence and self esteem.
"The assembly was lifted towards safety by his words. They liked and now respected him" (Golding, 37)
Level 4: self esteem, confidence, achievement, respect for others, respect by others
After being elected chief and giving his speech, Ralph was seen as the hero by the other children. From this point on, they looked up to him and always expected him to have a good idea.
Abraham Maslow was an early 1900's philosopher and psychologist
His "hierarchy of needs" describes the sequence of human needs
In the pyramid, humans do not seek higher needs until their current level has been satisfied
Just in different ways....
Mollie Schmid, Nick Jones, Delaney Shultz, Johnny Keeley, and Will Goldberg
(Lacked some traits of level 4)
Ralph gained the respect of others and built confidence
Love/Belonging: Family, Friendship, Sexual Intimacy
Sam and Eric show problem solving to help Ralph survive by telling Ralph inside information on what Jack's tribe plans to do to him. They help create a signal so that Ralph doesn't get killed.
'"They hate you, Ralph. They're going to do you.'
'I dunno. We're going to spread around the island, and we are going forward from this end, until we find you.'
'We have got to give signals, like this.'
Eric raised his head, and achieved a faint ululation by beating on his mouth. (Golding, Lors of the Flies, 188)"'
In the book:
Ralph: Wanted everything to be organized so he created specific jobs for everyone, wished to keep everyone healthy, and tried to find water for survival.
Piggy: Agreed with most things Ralph said/ does. Wanted organization and safety but really went out of his way to make sure everyone knew he cared about them.
Jack: Obtained all traits from level two but not in the greatest ways. He wanted to just keep his own body safe by killing any threats. He did not just want meat to eat but wished to kill, and the only job he wanted was to hunt.
(For all three boys the conch is in the security of resources category)
Shows that Sam n Eric try to help solve a major problem of Ralph's by helping him survive
After Piggy and Ralph found the conch on the beach Ralph said, "We can use this to call the others. Have a meeting. They'll come when they hear us. (Golding, p. 16 )".
Meaning: Ralph and Piggy used a resource found on the beach, the conch to summit the boys for the first time. They used the conch through out the book as a scarcely used resource to make announcements and enforce order. The conch is one of the things that led Ralph into becoming the leader because it aloud him to show organization and leadership. The conch was also used as a talking device so who ever had the conch could speak and give their opinion. The Conch itself helped level 2 of Maslows Hiarchy emerge in
Lord of the Flies
Ralph shows an acceptance of facts while Piggy does not and tries to justify that what Jack did was okay.
Problem Solving: Sam n' Eric
Acceptance of facts: Ralph
Acceptance of Facts: Piggy
'That was murder.'
'You stop it! What good're you for talking like that? ... It was an accident. That's what is was- an accident. Coming in the dark- he hadn't no business crawling like that out of the dark. He was batty. He asked for it. (Golding, LOTF, 156-157)"'
Ralph is able to accept facts, unlike Piggy
In the Text
Example from the book
Need to lead society and accomplish a leadership role
Need to feel satisfied with yourself and confident with your abilities/appearance
"My father's in the Navy. He said there aren't any unknown island left. He says the Queen has a big room full of maps and all the islands in the world are drawn there." (37)
This quote explains Ralph has a a strong relationship with his father and believes he could rescue the boys.
lacks some friendship qualities
"If you give up," said Piggy, in an appalled whisper, "what 'ud happen to me?" (93).
This quote shows Piggy depends on Ralph's leadership, honor, and trust. It also show he looks at Ralph like they are together as one and cannot be separated.
This shows piggy's willingness to be nice and friendly to everyone.
Jack does not respect others and is not respected by others
-Respect is admiring someone-
Instead of respecting Jack the other boys