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Cell Analogy -Factory

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Marisa Gerard

on 28 January 2014

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Transcript of Cell Analogy -Factory

Cell vs. Water Bottle Factory
Animal Cell
The nucleus is the control center of the cell. It contains the DNA that serves as instructions, that tell the cell how to function including administering protein synthesis. Without it, the cell could not carry out it's correct functions.
Like the nucleus, the management team tells the factory how to run. Management makes all of the decisions that keeps the factory functioning and tells the machines which products to produce.
CEO of Factory:
Design Team:
Inside the nucleus there is chromatin which is a combination of DNA and proteins. The DNA tells the cell how to function, and thus designs the cell's characteristics.
The design team is within the management sector. Like chromatin, the design team has to decide the specific functions of the factory and what to produce.
Jeffrey Reitano, Louis Tabak, Marisa Gerard
G block 1.24.14
Building Supports:
Cytoskeleton helps to preserve the shape of the cell. It supports the cell and holds everything in place.
Like the Cytoskeleton, the frame helps maintain the shape of the factory. It makes up the internal structure of the factory walls, keeping the building sturdy. The cytoskeleton acts like the main load bearing beams in a building.
Foundation of Factory:
The cytoplasm is the substance that the organelles reside in and is an important structural component of the cell. It is made up of mostly water but also contains proteins.
The factory's foundation is made up of cement. The factory and everything inside including machinery sits on top of this surface.
The job of the Nucleolus is to produce ribosomes for the cell. It has a very important job, creating the ribosomes which then make crucial proteins.
Plasma Membrane:
Water Pump:
A CEO of a factory has to make many important decisions as to how a business is run. Similar to the Nucleolus creating ribosomes, the CEO has to hire or promote the right workers under him to increase the productivity of a business. He is also a member of the management team.
Smaller Vacuoles:
Rough ER:
Golgi Bodies:
Smooth ER:
Storage Tanks of Water:
Bottling Mechanism:
Like the Plasma Membrane, the water pump is a selective barrier into the factory, allowing water and small particles in while having a strainer to prevent mud contamination.
Tanks are used to store water while waiting for purification and use, similar to how a vacuole stores nutrients until they are needed. When the factory needs the water, it will be transported out of the storage tank .
The generators burn chemical energy to produce energy for the factory, giving it the power to run its functions. In this respect it is very close to a mitochondrion.
Similar to how the Golgi Bodies package and transport nutrients around the cell, the bottling machine along the conveyor belt packages and moves the bottled water throughout the factory. The bottles will then be transported in order to be sold or will not pass inspection and be recycled.
Factory Floor:
The factory floor is the space for the workers to do their jobs around the factory. The floor is the ideal environment for productivity to occur. The factory floor is where the production of the bottles takes place and then is transported to the bottling machine where the bottles are filled and capped.
Mineral Additive Machine:
Factory Workers:
Business Partners:
Like Ribosomes producing proteins, in order to keep the cell running, the factory workers work to keep the factory functioning efficiently. The management sector of the factory instructs the workers on what materials to synthesize. The workers are situated on the factory floor but also function throughout the factory building
Air Filters:
Like the Peroxisome removing toxins, an air filter in the factory filters out chemicals and toxic substances from the work floor which could injure the factory's workers or damage the machines.
Quality Control:
The Quality Control team, like Lysosomes, examine the products of the factory which are the water bottles and if any of the bottles do not meet the standards they are subsequently destroyed or in this case recycled.
Like the Centrioles, which help with cell division, business partners work with expanding the factory's influence, building more factories nationally or around the globe.
Emergency Tunnels:
Like the Flagellum moving a cell, workers and employees can use the emergency tunnels to evacuate the factory in case of a fire or flood.
Vacuoles are sacs that primarily function as storage for the cell and are bound by membrane. The nutrients that is stored in these vacuoles are waiting to be transported elsewhere in the cell.
Just like the Smooth ER produces lipids, the MAM synthesizes minerals and fluoride which are put into the water for taste and health reasons to detoxify any potentially dangerous substances. The structures are also similar, the MAM has the water stored in pipes.
The plasma membrane regulates materials that move in and out of the cell. The membrane creates a boundary from the outside environment and the inside of the cell. It is made up of phospholipid bilayers that have proteins situated in them. The permeability is selective due to the phospholipid bilyers which allows only certain molecules and ions through the membrane.
The Golgi Bodies receive the transport vesicles from the endoplasmic reticulum where they join in order to form a Golgi sac. They then process the proteins further and then finally package and transport them to either the plasma membrane where they will exit the cell or to the lysosomes.
Ribosomes are responsible for protein synthesis. They can be found on the rough endoplasmic reticulum or freely residing in the cytoplasm. Ribosomes produce polypeptides in protein synthesis and, the sequence is controlled by messenger RNA from the nucleus.
The smooth endoplasmic reticulum plays a large role in cellular metabolic processes and the enzymes that are in the smooth ER help with lipid synthesis and metabolism. It also detoxifies possibly harmful materials in the cell. The structure is a network of tubes that the substances travel through.
The rough endoplasmic reticulum has ribosomes embedded in it's surface unlike the smooth ER. The ribosomes synthesize the proteins that settle on the rough ER's surface and prepare to be transported to the Golgi Bodies in the form of transport vesicles.
Lysosome break down food particles into useful sized bits. They also digest old broken down organelles and recycle there parts, so that organic materials may be reused. The final function of the Lysosome is to perform Apoptosis or programed cell death.
Mitochondria are the power producers of the cell. There main function is to perform cellular respiration and create usable energy for the cell.
Centrioles are mainly used in the process of cellular division. They help organize everything during the split of the cell.
Flagellum are a source of movement for the cell. They resemble long tails of the cell. They help to move the cell out of upcoming danger.
Peroxisome are found in nearly every eukaryotic cell. They are involved in the catabolic reaction of breaking down fatty acids. The peroxisomes originate from the ER and reproduce by fission.
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