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Recycling

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by

Elizabeth Pastor

on 10 January 2013

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Transcript of Recycling

Recycling By Maggie Winslow, Michelle Ly, and Liz Pastor What is recycling? Why Recycle? Statistics Why is Pollution a Problem? Pollution is a major problem that can be lessened through recycling. Pollution destroys environments, contaminates water and air, which are necessary for our survival. "It also contaminates and degrades the Earth's surface." Current Policies Our Policy History of Recycling Recycling has been around for thousands of years however, before the industrial age, it mostly consisted of each household recycling for themselves because new goods couldn't be produced fast enough. Works Cited: Pros 1) Recycling helps to prevent pollution
Land, air and water
2)Recycling saves energy
3)It helps to stimulate the economy
4)Recycling saves resources
5)Improves the public health
6) Recycling creates more jobs
7)Recycling saves money Recycling is taking an already used material and turning it into something that can be used again.

Common things that can be recycled include:
Paper
Aluminum Cans
Plastic Bottles
Glass
Steel -The average person generates 4.5 pounds of trash every day – about 1.5 tons of solid waste per year. The EPA estimates that 75 percent of solid waste is recyclable, but only 30 percent actually is. -Recycling is the most common method of plastic waste pollution prevention, but less than one percent of all plastic products in the U.S. Americans throw away 25 million plastic beverage bottles every hour. In the 1930s and 40s, recycling became an important practice all over the world. During economic depressions, when people couldn't afford new goods, they needed to recycle their used ones. In the 1940s, goods such as nylon, rubber and many metals were recycled to help support the war effort. However, the recovering economy of the postwar years caused many Americans to forget conservationism. It wasn't until the environmental movement of the 1960s and 70s, along with the first Earth Day in 1970, that recycling regained popularity. Recycling has generally increased from year to year. The success of recycling is shown in wide public acceptance. -Did you know that we generate 21.5 million tons of food residuals annually? If this food waste were composted, or recycled, instead of being sent to landfills, the result would be a huge reduction in greenhouse gas emissions that is the equivalent to taking more than two million cars off the road. Land Pollution: Non-biodegradable things such as styrofoam and plastic -Electronics manufacturers in New York must establish and maintain convenient programs for the collection and recycling or reuse of unwanted electronics. Each manufacturer is required to take back any product of its own make for recycling from any residential consumer in the state for free. More Statistics For every ton of paper that gets recycled, 17 trees are saved
Plastic not only adds to landfill space, used plastic dumped into the sea kills sea life at about 1,000,000 sea creatures per year.
A Styrofoam coffee cup takes 500 years to decompose and leaks toxic chemicals into the Earth.
The Hershey Chocolate Company manufactures 20,000,000 Hershey’s kisses (every day), they use about 133 square miles of aluminum to wrap the chocolates. This aluminum wrap is recyclable.
About 70% of the things in your trash bin can be recycled. The United States' Government will decrease the amount of pollution by increasing the amount of recycling and green energy. The Federal Government will create a law stating that Garbage Removal Companies will not collect trash unless the recycling bins are out and are filled with a significant number (at least half full) of recyclables. The Federal Government will set a specific number of Styrofoam products that companies are allowed to produce per year. The Federal Government will require that in addition to limiting the amount of Styrofoam produced each year, any packages that are packaged with Styrofoam should be packaged with Mushroom Mold instead. Mushroom mold is safe for packaging and is biodegradable, as opposed to Styrofoam. Does not account for people who do not pay for garbage removal services.
Cons: The public may not respond well because it is telling businesses and people what they can and cannot do. Cons Pros: Encourages recycling
Effectively reduces many types of pollution, including air pollution, water pollution, and land pollution.
It saves forests, habitats and ecosystems
Requires less energy
Improves health of American citizens
Mushroom Mold is a safe and effective alternative to Styrofoam and is 100% biodegradable. comes from waste from both factories and households
remain buried in land fills for thousands of years
They produce toxic chemicals that leak into the earth
Disposal of electronics can cause lead and mercury to leak into the earth these pollute the underground water systems and cause serious health problems for us.
Affects plants, animals and humans, it will disrupt entire ecosystems. Will cause birth defects, respiratory problems, cancer and skin diseases. Air Pollution:
Can cause irritation in eyes, nose, and throat.
Can cause bleaching of leaves.
Can dissolve with rain, creating acid rain, which is corrosive.
Increases asthma among people.
Can lead to Cancer and genetic defects. -Solid Waste Management Act of 1988
In the Solid Waste Management Act of 1988, the Legislature established our State Solid Waste Management Policy. The following are the solid waste management priorities in New York State:
(a) first, to reduce the amount of solid waste generated;
(b) second, to reuse material for the purpose for which it was originally intended or to recycle material that cannot be reused;
(c) third, to recover, in an environmentally acceptable manner, energy from solid waste that can not be economically and technically reused or recycled; and
(d) fourth, to dispose of solid waste that is not being reused, recycled or from which energy is not being recovered, by land burial or other methods approved by the department (from New York State Environmental Conservation Law 27-0106.1). -New Yorkers now pay for their garbage collection through local taxes and are charged the same thing no matter how much trash they generate. Who is Affected by Pollution Everyone is affected by pollution, including animals and plants. It can cause poisoning from harmful substances and destroys the earth and ecosystems.
Grabianowski, Ed. "HowStuffWorks "Recycling History"." HowStuffWorks "Science". N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2013. <http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/green-science/recycling1.htm>.

Hummel, Natalie. "EcoCradle: Biodegradable mushroom packaging | Going Green | The Earth Times." Environmental News | Green Blogs | Environmental Issues | Earth Times. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2013. <http://www.earthtimes.org/going-green/ecocradle-biodegradable-mushroom-packaging/2112/>.

"Main Types Of Pollution." All Recycling Facts & Eco Green Living â Every Bit Counts. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2013. <http://www.all-recycling-facts.com/main-types-of-pollution.html>.

OPPERMAN, JEFF. "New York, Recycling Reprobate, Aims to Do Better - NYTimes.com." Energy and Environment - Green Blog - NYTimes.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2013. <http://green.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/10/24/new-york-recycling-reprobate-aims-to-do-better/>.

"Recycling Statistics and Facts." All Recycling Facts & Eco Green Living â Every Bit Counts. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2013. <http://www.all-recycling-facts.com/recycling-statistics.html>.

"Recycling Stats | GreenWaste Recovery." GreenWaste Recovery - Trash Recycling Services San Jose, Trash Removal, Dumpster Rental Service | a brighter shade of green. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2013. <http://www.greenwaste.com/recycling-stats>.

"Recycling and Composting - NYS Dept. of Environmental Conservation." New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2013. <http://www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/294.html

"Why Pollution is a Major problem to look at? ." Get Paid to Write Articles | Make Money Online - Expertscolumn.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2013. <http://expertscolumn.com/content/why-pollution-major-problem-look>. -The Federal Government offered a $10 million reward to companies that produced affordable green light bulbs Recycling is an effective way to reduce pollution, a serious global issue.
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