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Stress Management - Chapter 10

PHED Lecture
by

Stress Management

on 10 February 2013

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Transcript of Stress Management - Chapter 10

Chapter 10 Spirituality - Describe the influence of spirituality on stress

- Differentiate between religiosity and spirituality

- Discuss the research linking spirituality and health

- Summarize the barriers to research on spirituality

- Delineate five qualities of spiritual health

- Develop a personal plan to reduce stress through spiritual balance Student Objectives Spirituality Spirituality is at the heart of stress management

Discovering the contemplative, spiritual life requires a shift in awareness, an inner change 78% of Americans believe in God

15% say they don’t believe in God, but believe in a higher power Sources: * “Majority of Americans Believe in God,” Gallup, July 28, 2008, retrieved from http://www.gallup.com/, April 19, 2011.
**“Spirituality in Higher Education: Students’ Search for Meaning and Purpose,” A National Study of Spirituality in Higher Education, Higher Education Research Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, retrieved February 1, 2011 from www.spirituality.ucla.edu. Spirituality in America Study revealed that today’s college students have very high levels of spiritual interest and involvement A UCLA research program tracked the spiritual growth of students during their college years
The inner intention of our spiritual essence, rather than our outward circumstances, bring peace The Spiritual Quest People of all ages are seeking guidance on the spiritual dimension of health in a quest for fulfillment and a meaningful life

We have come to acknowledge that wholeness of health incorporates body, mind, and spirit Spirituality and Religiosity We all have a spiritual dimension

Spiritual dimension – a quality that goes beyond religious affiliation which strives for inspiration, reverence, awe, meaning, and purpose Spirituality – a process, a journey, the essence of life principles of a person, a belief that relates a person to the world, and a way of giving meaning to existence The Spiritual Quest People of all ages are seeking guidance on the spiritual dimension of health in a quest for fulfillment and a meaningful life

We have come to acknowledge that wholeness of health incorporates body, mind, and spirit Spirituality and Religiosity We all have a spiritual dimension

Spiritual dimension – a quality that goes beyond religious affiliation which strives for inspiration, reverence, awe, meaning, and purpose Spirituality – a process, a journey, the essence of life principles of a person, a belief that relates a person to the world, and a way of giving meaning to existence Religiosity – the extent of participation in or adherence to the beliefs and practices of an organized religion Research on Spirituality Studies are being conducted to increase our understanding of how the spiritual dimension relates to health

First consider some key issues related to research on spirituality Defining Terms Using spirituality and religiosity interchangeable

Non-agreement on the definitions of spiritual terms

“Dose-response” Placebo Power Placebo – the positive effects that are created when a person merely believes he or she will benefit from an intervention Variables in Religion, Health, and Lifestyle Research Do the health benefits come from a higher power, or are the benefits related to variables such as social support or healthier lifestyle choices that many religions teach? Bottom Line on Research The spiritual domain has to do with what we experience privately in our subjective awareness

Research and studies can guide your understanding, but only you can choose the path that is right for you Qualities of Spiritual Health 1. Meaning and Purpose
2. Brings spiritual growth and peace
3. Can serve as a powerful inner drive for personal accomplishment
4. Brings a stress-relieving sense of contentment that we are on the right path Peace does not come from a lack of problems and difficulties

Peace comes from knowing that your life is in harmony with your values and beliefs and from growing and finding meaning in life’s disruptions Belief in a Higher Power Spiritual – a belief in, and devotion to, a higher power beyond the physical realm

Faith – the belief in or commitment to something or someone seen or unseen that helps a person realize a purpose Connectedness Feeling of relatedness or attachment to others

Feeling of harmony with self and others

Feeling of oneness with the universe and/or a universal element or Universal Being When we realize that we are all apart of each other, we are much more likely to treat each other in loving and friendly ways Compassion for Others Spirituality has the capacity to be a common bond between individuals Two important qualities of compassion: 1. Forgiveness:
Experience of psychological peace that occurs when injured people transform their grievances against others
2. Altruism:
The act of helping or giving to others without thought of self-benefit
Agape – the unselfish love that gives of itself and expects nothing in return Spend 15 minutes every morning in prayerful meditation Time Tip Religious Behaviors and Meaningful Spiritual Rituals Prayer
Nature
Ecospirituality 393 patients were assigned to a “prayed-for” group or a “non-prayed for” group Prayer in the Coronary Care Unit Research Highlight Results:
Prayed-for group was 5 times less likely to need antibiotics

Few members in the prayed-for group developed pneumonia or had cardiac arrests Prayer in the Coronary Care Unit Research Highlight Prayed-for group was three times less likely to develop pulmonary edema
12 members of the unremembered group required support of a mechanical ventilator; none for the prayed-for group members Prayer in the Coronary Care Unit Research Highlight Sources: *“Positive Th erapeutic Eff ects of Intercessory Prayer in a Coronary Care Unit Population,” by R. Byrd, Southern Medical Journal, 81(7) (1988) 826–829.
**Cited in Healing Words: Th e Power of Prayer and the Practice of Medicine, by L. Dossey (San Francisco: HarperCollins Publishers: 1993). Fewer patients in the prayed-for group died Prayer in the Coronary Care Unit Research Highlight An Action Plan for Stress Management through Spiritual Wellness Define what spirituality means to you

Close your eyes and reflect on some spiritual moments in your life Based on your definition of spirituality, reflect on how spirituality relates to stress in life

Complete the Stress Management Lab – page 163 Key Points Human spirituality is at the heart of stress management

Discovering the contemplative, spiritual life only requires a shift in awareness

We each have a spiritual dimension
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