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EDU 333 Ch. 7

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Kerry Moore

on 18 April 2017

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Transcript of EDU 333 Ch. 7

Socioeconomic Status, Race and Ethnicity, Language, Gender, Disability, & Religion
Layers of Diversity When Engaging Families as Educational Partners
Who should be concerned? All of us.
Socioeconomic Status (S.E.S.)

~one measure for identifying a family's standard of living.
Occupation, income, & educational attainment
Ours, like most societies, has a

social stratification.
Social mobility
- remains a core value in the U.S. culture
Class Structures~

working class- middle class- upper middle class- wealthy-
manual labor
37% of employed
+40% of general pop.
Both work
11% of U.S. families
325x that of
Federal guidelines set $22,050
BUT this is 1/2 the income needed to meet basic needs for four.

* Parent's education
* Environmental hazards
* Nutritional Issues
* Less experienced teachers
* Teacher turnover
* Summer slump
Race and Ethnicity
Over 99% of U.S. ancestors came from somewhere else.
The national origin of our family
US- MO- Branson-
62% 83% 89% ...Caucasian, alone
13% 11% 1.7% ...African American, alone
5% 2% 1.3% ...Asian American
17% 4% 9% ...Hispanic
2% ...Two races
1% ...Native American

Racial breakdown in the area...
*1 in 5 students live in homes where language other than English is spoken

Take a peek at the percent of
ELL by ethnic breakdown.

Happy Monday!
No swinging sideways kids!
They often believe that their condition
is universal rather than unique.
On page 176 read Reflect on Diversity: Teaching the Truth
Be prepared to discuss questions for reflection.
Gender Differences:

Read Pg. 180 and decide if you are
a yes or a no when it comes to all students being bilingual.
• Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with learning disabilities,
including ADHD, and exhibit signs earlier.

Be careful with labels

• Encourage boys to
take study breaks
and allow boys to be active during those study breaks.

• Because girls may focus on
communication, relationships and attention
for approval.

• Boys are
, often
so giving them an opportunity to express
creatively and explore
their interests is very important.

Understand the different learning styles
of boys and girls so that you are
able to create a learning environment
that meets the needs of both, by teaching different modalities.

Title IX of the 1972 Higher Education Amendment is the major legislation that addresses the civil rights of girls and women in the education system.
Equal Educational Opportunity
13 % of our school population receives special education services. Of those students... 12% are severely disabled.

(the 7% of Gifted and Talented are on top of that figure)
Roughly 1 in 5 students in schools receive special services

R.T.I.- Response to Intervention
How would you respond?
What is appropriate?
Multicultural Education
We have a moral & ethical responsibility to believe all kids can learn at high levels regardless.

How will we meet the needs of the variety of students we have?

What do I do about that?
Debate continues...
Will recognition & promotion of diversity strengthen the nation?

Is Western tradition denigrated when diversity is highlighted?

Does multicultural education help unify a nation comprised of numerous ethic groups?

Should diverse groups maintain their culture while developing a common civic culture?
How can I incorporate diversity?

Validating student voices

Using technology to learn about others
Social Justice:
How can we ensure equality?

How we help others who are
less well off than we are?
Schools have a responsibility to provide all students
equal access to a high-quality education.
And he whoever
gives to one of these
little ones
even a cup of cold
water to drink, truly
I say to you, he shall
not lose his reward.
Matthew 10:42
What is an educators role?
What are your thoughts?

Can we ensure equality?
Mark 12:31
Love your neighbor
as yourself...
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
-not a scientific concept but a social construction
When race and ethnicity require interventions...

* observe & listen students
* study the culture
* get to know the family
* validate cultures & communities
* make connections from your subject
matter to the students real life
* help students see themselves in the classwork

What will I do if a child is having difficulty in my classroom learning environment?

* 57% will graduate high school with a diploma
* 11% will seek undergraduate work at college

Close your eyes for 30 seconds and imagine your 1st classroom a year or 2 from now.

Look at the students.

What do the students all look like?
Free and Reduced Lunch
Household Size*

Maximum Income Level (Per Year)

1 $21,590
2 $29,101
3 $36,612
4 $44,123
5 $51,634
6 $59,145
7 $66,656
8 $74,167

How are teachers trying to help their students?

What can a teacher do?
Culturally Responsive Practices...
1. Be visible
2. Create a safe space to be me
3. Connect to students’ lives
4. Connect to students’ culture
5. Address race and racial dynamics in your classroom
6. Connect to students’ future selves
7. Set high expectations
Rita Pierson on how family rules can impact your classroom.

Do you anticipate personal family cultural beliefs may conflict with your
classroom expections?

What is an example?

Diversity in Society & School

socioeconomic status
race and ethnicity
64% of population says religion is a part of their daily life.

Did religion impact how your family "did life" when you were a child? If so, what are some examples?
We live in a society with a variety of religions represented.
Protestants represent a majority, yet have a wide variety of
Western religions are often compatible with the common culture.
Public schools can not advance one religion over another.
We will look more at religion and law in Ch.10
"You gotta be Jesus with skin on!"
Diversity in Society & Schools: Socioeconomic, Race, Ethnicity, Language, Gender, Disability, & Religion
1. Identify the interaction of academic achievement and socioeconomic status and strategies to help close the gap.

2.Incorporate race and ethnicity in your classroom so that students see their cultures in the curriculum & instruction.

3. Strategies for English-language learners in learning content.

4. Analyze differences based on gender that influence how girls and boys perform in school.

5. Understand the need for providing accommodations in the classroom for students with disabilities.

6. Characterize the ways religion and religious beliefs can be addressed in school.

7. Develop strategies for creating a classroom that values the diversity of the student population and promotes high academic performance.
Learning goals for Chapter 7
Levels of social class rankings based on income, education, occupation, wealth, and power in society.
* Only 6% in the lowest stratus reach the top stratus layer
SES impacts college affordability and in turn job opportunities. List ways SES impacts a student's opportunities in public schools...

1. A student might be hungry
2. A student may not have gym shoes

There is a cognitive impact to class structure and it influences patterns of thinking. (All patterns have exceptions.)
Most schools operate in a middle-class structure of norms and values
People bring the hidden rules of their own class to situations.
17% kids live in poverty
22% live in low income
39% of kids live with socioeconomic issues
1 in 5 students will have at least one parent born outside the United States.
How does immigration issues in 2015 impact public schools today?
How can I support students with language issues?
1. Pair with buddies & use cooperative groups
2. Use visuals and videos
3. Be aware of idioms
4. Teach fundamentals of English and writing
5. Write accommodations in lesson plans
6. Speak slower, not louder
7. Provide outlines
8. Read instructions
9. Pre teach vocabulary (word walls)
10. Provide exemplars
How does this math teacher support her English Language Learners?

How does she make sure everyone is learning?
The article Gender Matters in Education.
Commit to be a teacher who is "good " to all students.
• autism;
• deaf-blindness;
• deafness;
• emotional disturbance;
• hearing impairment;
• intellectual disability;
• multiple disabilities;
• orthopedic impairment;
• other health impairment;
• specific learning disability;
• speech or language impairment;
• traumatic brain injury; or
• visual impairment (including blindness).
IDEA lists 13 different disability categories
under which 3- through 21-year-olds may be
eligible for services.
Accommodations may include:
Grading (weight of homework, tests, etc...)
Text (audio, highlighting, large print, home set, etc...)
Lectures (taped, seating, guides, teacher notes, etc...)
Texts (oral, multiple sessions, time, open book, responses, etc...)
Environment (seating, physical arrangement of room, etc...)
Assignments ( read aloud, lower level, directions, typing, etc...)
Reinforcements ( positives, repetition, eye contact, proximity )
Pacing (time, breaks, etc...)
•Mildly Gifted -- 115 to 129
•Moderately Gifted -- 130 to 144
•Highly Gifted -- 145 to 159
•Exceptionally Gifted -- 160 to 179
•Profoundly Gifted -- 180
The Pygmalion effect
refers to the phenomenon in which the greater the expectation placed upon people (such as children, students, or employees) the better they perform. The Pygmalion effect is a form of
self-fulfilling prophecy.
ever felt this in school, sports, or at home?
It may have
results or
Considering your specific field...

How can you keep expectations high for students with layers of...
"Public schools can neither foster religion nor preclude it. Our public schools must treat religion with fairness and respect and vigorously protect religious expression as well as the freedom of conscience of all other students. In so doing our public schools reaffirm the First Amendment and enrich the lives of their students". -Secretary of Education Richard W. Riley June 1998 (Robinson, 2003)
A variety of other religion may be represented in the public schools
including Christian, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Mormans, Jewish, Catholics, Jehovah's Witness, Atheists, and others.
A child who does not celebrate Christmas holidays.

A child who is absent to observe a holy day for their religion.

A child who needs to wear a different outfit for religious reasons in P.E.

Activities that Jehovah’s Witnesses are prohibited from participating in

•Holiday and birthday celebrations
•Patriotic activities, including singing the National Anthem and saluting the Flag
•After-School activities that conflict with evening commitments at the Kingdom Hall
•In-depth socialization with non-Jehovah’s Witness classmates

An Atheist who sued the school to ban
a prayer banner in the school.
Communication is key!
Any reactions regarding this student?
What if she was in your PE, art, music, English, or math class?
Does it matter what a teacher thinks of a student?
Write down system barriers that exist for people

living in low socioeconomic conditions and in poverty.

Under resourced families face issues from the start.

The 30 million word gap before schooling begins

4th graders in low income communities are 3 grade levels behind peers.

In MO 16% are living below federal poverty level

If you don’t graduate from high school your average maximum income is 17,000 per year.

1.3 million Missourians live with food insecurity

1. Fill in your chart. What are the five parts of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs?

2. Look at your number.Read your section of the article and share out in a moment.

3. Go to your "expert group". YOUR NUMBER. Clarify your tier.

4. Go to your "home group". YOUR COLOR
Teach your tier

What other ideas could your group add? How can you practically support a student struggling at one of the five levels?
If my school functioned with middle class rules,
yet I functioned in a poverty mind set...How could
misunderstandings occur?
Explain how Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs can help us understand families from various socioeconomic conditions.
Article on Arne Duncan's resignation for today Wednesday.

No class on Friday, however there is an assignment. Go to Campus Web and under handouts you will find a link to video and a reflection guide.

Reflection should be emailed to me by midnight on Sunday.
The president announced that John B. King, Jr. would be replacing Arne Duncan as The Deputy Secretary of Education.

John B. King, Jr., who was most recently the Commissioner of New York State Public Schools will take the helm in December.

In appointing John King as acting Education Secretary, the Obama administration has sidestepped the need to seek Congressional approval.

Obama does not plan to formally nominate King as education secretary, avoiding a potential confirmation fight with the Senate’s GOP majority. Instead, King will serve as acting secretary for the final year of the president’s term. (elections are Nov. 8, 2016)

As Secretary of Education, you are typically nominated by the President Of The United States and must be approved by the United States Senate.
Who will follow Arne Duncan?
You are the solution to the problems.

Your work is vital every single day. You must work for excellence.

Kids have an innate desire to learn.

Parents, regardless of their situations, want a good education for their children.

Be a leader that brings change!
Robert Marzano Research
50% being average
Why is this public school successful?
When socioeconomic conditions are
present I can...
1. Observe & listen to students
2. Assess performance to address what will work for your individual group
3. Build relationships of mutual respect
4. Teach students the hidden rules of school
5. Understand a child's resources and create solutions
6. Use formal language in the school setting
7. Help students see their own future story
8. Assess prior knowledge and plan to close the gaps for students
Do we have to rethink how we conduct schools so that boys are more successful?

Discuss for a minimum of 10 minutes
Then as a group write:
3 things you didn't know before reading this article.
2 things you found interesting or surprising
1 question you still have
On back
, bullet point how this information could impact the way you plan lessons for your specific content.

Tallest person write
Shortest person will share the group findings with the class.
You will turn in 1 paper for each group.
1. Compact the curriculum and provide enrichment activities.
2. Differentiate the product
3. Use real life problem solving to support curriculum standards
4. Connect curriculum directly to student interests
5. Allow students to pursue independent projects based on their own individual interests.
Intervention Teams
When a student is struggling...

* Document the situation
* Teacher meets with teams of faculty
* Interventions will be planned
* 6-8 weeks of monitoring the plan
* Reconvene the team
* All interventions will be documented as successful and/or
unsuccessful before a decision is made to test for further services
* Students COULD be tested for special services after a long period
interventions are documented
* This could go on for months or even years
Anyone have experiences with
people with special needs?
If a child is failing your class what will you do?
R.T.I. Response to Intervention
What 4 factors are impacted when teachers hold high expectations for students?
Do you need to know this?
How can you help with these barriers?
What are three considerations when classifying
the socioeconomic level a family is a part of ?
What were 5 levels of socioeconomic conditions we
What are 3 issues
educators must take
note of ?
One way I can support
students/ families from
low socioeconomic
What is an IEP and
what is your responsibility when it come to the IEP?

Happy Easter!
History of Special Education Law

1975- Public Law 94-142 The Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975- provided access to education

1990- PL 94-142 was reauthorized. It was renamed the Individuals
with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

2004- IDEA Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004- focus on accountability with emphasis in reading, early interventions, and research based instruction. Special service teachers must be highly qualified.

Under IDEA’s legislation, all states receiving federal funding must:

1. Ages 3 - 21 access to FAPE Free and Appropriate Education
2. Identify, locate and evaluate children labeled with disabilities
3. Develop an Individualized Education Program (IEP)
4. LRE- least restrictive environment.” This environment is ideally with their typically developing peers, but is dependent on individual circumstances
5. early-intervention (EI) programs: preschool, interventions
6. Ensure teachers are adequately qualified and certified to teach special education
7. Ensure that children with disabilities are not suspended or expelled at rates higher than their typically developing peers

Emotionally Disturbed
Speech Apraxia
Leaning Disability
Intellectually Disabled
Brain Cancer
Noonans Syndrome
Downs Syndrome
Speech and Language Disorders
Gifted and Talented
Attention Deficit Disorder
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Behavior Disorder
1. Take a look at my instruction

2. Have discussion with parents

3. Talk to teachers who share the student

4. Ask for support from special service teachers

5. Document interventions and progress
How does this team approach impact learning for students with diverse needs?
The Establishment Clause~
the clause in the First Amendment of the US Constitution that prohibits the establishment of religion by Congress.
1. Coloring contest :)
2. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
3. Race & Ethnicity
Read and consider the data.
"Bearden says that acknowledging racial differences helps create understanding."

Jot down 1 quote from the video you can share with your table.
Although you may not speak another language what is 1 thing you
could do to support a family that speaks a different language in your classroom?
* learn to say names properly
* learn a few basics of the language
* use visuals and visual aids
* one-to-one conferencing when available
* use labels when possible
E.S.L. is English as a Second Language; and generally refers to a program that immerses the student into English instruction as you teach the content.

E.L.L. is English Language Learner; generally refers to the student

Bilingual education teaches the content in the student's native language, with English slowly integrated alongside.

* Any student in a public school who was not born in the US or whose native language is a language other than English may receive services is difficulties in speaking, reading, writing, or understanding of English are sufficient enough to delay the individual.

* Every district must provide EL development while holding students to the same educational standards and outcomes as their English fluent peers.
So what can I do as the classroom teacher?
Full transcript