Transcript of World War 2: Battle of the Bulge
The Battle of the Bulge The battle lasted from December 16th, 1944 to January 28th, 1945 On this day, German troops launched operation Wacht am Rhien(Watch on the Rein), starting the battle. The very next day, 150 American prisoners of war were massacred by Waffen-SS forces at Malmédy, Belgium. Only 43 survived. Order of Events Americans on the defensive on December 18th, 1944 A Machine gun post manned by men of the 1st Battalion, 157th Regiment, US 45th Division near Bastogne, Belgium on the 10th of December, 1944. 16 Dec As the Americans began to fight back, the Germans backed off a little. On December 19th, German troops captured 9,000 US troops in the Schnee Eifel region located on the Belgian-German border. On the same day, the U.S. 101st Airborne of the Allied reserves and 10th Armored Divisions of the U.S. Third Army were ordered to Bastonge to keep hold of the important junction road located in Belgium. US 101st Airborne of the Allied reserves The shoulder patch worn by the 10th Armored Divisions of the US Third Army. This is where Bastongue is. Bastogne On December 20th, Armored German 6.SS-Panzerarmee captured Stavelot, Belgium. The Germans were now able to use the US fuel supply stored there for their own use . This is a picture of the Armored German 6.SS-Panzerarmee. This is a picture of some of the fuel supply stored at Stavelot, Belgium. 20 Dec On December 21st, U.s. forces reclaim Stavelot and their fuel supply. While the Americans were getting their fuel supply back, the Germans surrounded Bastogne and captured St. Vith. On December 22nd in Bastogne, the German honorably surrender to save Bastogne from “ total annihilation”. When General McAuliffe found out he gave a famous response... --- Nuts! While the German surrender was taking place, General Patton and the U.S. Third Army changed its advance to try and relieve Bastogne. General Patton of the U.S. Third Army December 25th Soldiers were stopped somewhere around here. the US 2nd Armored Division, with the help of british soldiers, stopped German 2 Panzer Division. They were only 4 miles from the Meuse River. On the 26th Patton was able to relieve Bastogne. The first tank that arrived in Bastogne. 25 Dec On the 27th, US troops began pushing German troops back. This ended the German offensive. 26 Dec On the 28th American troops began gaining ground in their counteroffensive. Troops in the Battle of the Bulge. December 30th Germans again attacked in the Bastogne corridor in Belgium. Meanwhile, British troops attacked Houffalize, Belgium. They were almost instantly stopped by a fierce German defense. German tanks after a fierce defensive on the city On New Years eve, US troops re-captured Rochefort, Belgium. On the same day, the US Third Army began an offensive from Bastogne. On the same day, the US Third Army began an offensive from Bastogne. On New Year’s day, German troops began a withdrawal from Ardennes in the Belgian-German border region. The withdrawl happened here. As revenge for the Malmedy massacre, U.S. troops masacred 30 ss officers at Chenogne, Belgium on the same day. About where Chenogne is located On January 3rd, The U.S. first army attacked the northern flank of the Ardennes bulge. This is where the attack happened. On the same day, 1,100 Allied bombers bombed railroads and communication centers in Western Germany. This is one of the railroads that was bombed. On January 9th, the U.S. Third Army counter-attacked Houffalize, Belgium. This is a U.S. tank on the counterattack. On January 11th, British troops captured La Roche-en-Ardenne, Belgium. On January 12th, In Belgium, north of Bastogne, US and British forces linked up close to La Roche-en-Ardenne. They joined up right around here On January 13th, the US First Army attacked near Malmédy in Belgium. Somewhere around here is where the attack happened. On January 16th, US First and Third Armies combined near Houffalize, Belgium. On the same day, the British Second Army attacked near Maas River. 25 Jan On January 28th, 1945, The Ardennes bulge was finally pushed back to its original lines, thus ending the Battle of the Bulge. Objectives The German’s main objective was to capture the port-city Antwerp. It was critical in the Allies’ logistical operations. If the German's had successfully captured Antwerp, it would have created a gap between the Allies’ lines. Generals Allied Generals General Dwight D. Eisenhower General Anthony McAuliffe Major General George S. Patton General Omar Bradley German Generals SUpreme Commander Adolf Hitler General Sepp Dietrich General Gerd von Rundstedt. The Battle of the Bulge was Hitler’s last counteroffensive in the West. During the Battle, Hitler lost precious men like pilots and he lost many aircraft and fuel. BibliographyFull transcript
• Chen, C. Peter. "Battle of the Bulge | World War II Database." World War II Database: Your WW2 History Reference Destination. Web. 18 Feb. 2011. .
• LibWhacker. "Today in Military History: Patton's 4th Armored Brings Relief to Allied Forces in the Bulge." Latest Articles. Web. 26 Feb. 2011. .
Hitler lost the Battle of the Bulge. This was really his last chance at winning the war. General Bernard Montgomery General Courtney Hodges General Erich brandenberger(on the left) General Hasso von Manteuffel General Walter Model Statistics American:
-Tanks 19,000 47,500 23,000 800 British:
-Captured/missing 200 1,200 German:
-Aircraft Between 60,000-104,000 100,000 800 1000 About 3,000 civilians were killed