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Weapons of WWI

US History assignment for Mr. Winner's class

Alex Cordonnier

on 15 December 2012

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Transcript of Weapons of WWI

Weapons of WWI Gatling Gun Description:
The first modern machine gun
Could fire over 200 rounds per minute, which was unheard of at the time
Invented and patented by Richard Jordan Gatling in 1862 - right in the midst of the Civil War, but was only used in a few skirmishes
Was created because it was so destructive that it could theoretically prevent wars due to its savage nature Weapons of WWI Sources Chlorine gas. (2010). [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.green-planet-solar-.....energy.com/images/chlorine-gas.gif
Duffy, M. (2009, August 22). Weapons of war: flamethrowers. Retrieved from .....http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/flamethrowers.htm
Editors of Publications International, Ltd., The. (Uploader). (2005). Sherman .....flamethrower. [Web]. Retrieved from http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/m-4-sherman-.....medium-tank-5.jpg
Fokker dr 1 information. (2000, October 14). Retrieved from .....http://fokkerdr1.freehosting.net/
Franks, N. (2010, November 26). Fokker dr.1 triplane - the red baron's airplane in ww1. .....Retrieved from http://www.acepilots.com/wwi/fokker_triplane.html
Franks, N. (Uploader). (2010). Dr 1. [Web]. Retrieved from .....http://www.acepilots.com/wwi/dr1_lvr.jpg
King, K. (2010, June 11). World war ii: british 21 inch torpedos [Web log message]. .....Retrieved from http://anonymous-generaltopics.blogspot.com/2010/06/british-21-inch-.....torpedos.html
Pepik. (Photographer). (2007). Mark i. [Web]. Retrieved from .....http://www.brickshelf.com/cgi-bin/gallery.cgi?f=281261
Perkins, J. D. (1997, January 31). Submarine torpedo tubes and firing systems. .....Retrieved from http://www.gwpda.org/naval/w0100000.htm
Sifter, T. (Artist). (2010). War clover dazzle camo render. [Web]. Retrieved from .....http://twistedsifter.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/war-clover-dazzle-camo-render.jpg
Simkin, J. (2007, July 3). Chlorine gas. Retrieved from .....http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWchlorine.htm
Simkin, J. (2007, May 18). Mark 1 (mother). Retrieved from .....http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWmother.htm
Spaulding, C. (Uploader). (2007). A 1865 gatling gun. [Web].
.....Retrieved from http://www.imfdb.org/images/2/2e/Gatling_gun_1865.jpg
Stephenson, E. F. (2006). The gatling gun. Retrieved from .....http://www.ncmuseumofhistory.org/collateral/articles/f06.gatling.gun.pdf
Trueman, C. (2010, April 15). Poison gas and world war one. Retrieved from .....http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/poison_gas_and_world_war_one.htm Effect:
Gatling guns had the firepower of 100 single-shot guns, so it's not hard to imagine the devastating effect it had on the war. Their main strength was the ability to efficiently kill many enemies, which is what WWI was all about: killing so many of the enemy that they surrendered. They also inspired many improved machine guns to follow, ones that didn't need the long cooling periods that were essential to the Gatling gun and were belt-fed instead of manually-fed. In short, they showed how destructive machine guns could be, and therefore how good of an investment it was to research improvements. Mark I Tank ("MOther") Effect:
The Mark I was the first tank to be used in battle, in the Battle of Flers. It was a modified version of the original Little Willie prototype tank developed by the British. The tanks were largely unsuccessful, and many even failed to start. However, they succeeded in frightening the Germans, who weren't accustomed to having weapons that were ineffective against an enemy such as the tanks. The entire offensive gained the British 2 kilometers of German land. Even so, the officials were impressed and ordered 1,000 more to be constructed. Winston Churchill believed that he may have debuted his secret weapon too early, because the battle ended up being very insignificant in the war. Overall, the Mark I led to more advanced, effective, and reliable tanks that had the potential to turn the tide of the war. 21" Mark V Torpedo Effect:
Used to give the Germans "a taste of their own medecine" because the Germans had been attacking US ships bringing supplies to Europe by using torpedoes
Used in A and B type British destroyers
British captains had the highest ratio of hits-to-fired-torpedoes of the Allies because their Royal Navy captains were well-trained in torpedo attacks Description:
They were fish-torpedoes that were fired from submarines at boats and detonated either on contact or just before contact with the target
In WWI, torpedoes were fired using compressed air. However, this approach had its share of problems, such as the loss of air and weight in the submarine after the discharge of the torpedo
Attacks were limitied to periscope depths so that the torpedo could be aimed at the enemy ship
Gyro-angling wouldn't be developed until WWII, so the subs in WWI made do by swinging the sub's head in order to adjust the firing angle
Subs had to rely on line-of-sight firing through their periscope Battleships such as this one were painted with a pattern of lines and colors to make them harder to see, and therefore harder to target with torpedoes Description:
The tank was rhomboid in shape in order to accomodate rough land and trenches, compared to its predecessor, Little Willie, which was rectangular. Because of its updated design, it had a lower center of gravity than Little Willie. The tank could house two 6-pound naval guns on the sides and 8 men. Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Weapons of WWI Fokker Dr.1 Triplane Description:
German fighter triplane
7 m wingspan (23 ft 7 in)
Weighed only 405 kg when empty
Max speed of 185 km/h (115 mph)
110 horsepower rotary engine
Only 320 were ever made
Designed by Anthony Fokker, modeled after Sopwith triplane
Used by Manfred von Richthofen (the Red Baron) and several other German aces
Usually painted in streaky olive-brown camo with unit markings on the tail and spinner
In November 1917, all Dr.1s in commision were grounded for structural repairs due to joints being weakened by poor quality control Effect:
The Dr.1 was undoubtedly the most famous planes of WWI, mainly because it was the plane that the Red Baron became an ace-of-aces in. The German aces who flew the planes had a total victory count of over 200, which is amazing considering that only 320 of the plane were made. Grossflammenwerfer Description:
German heavy-duty flamethrower
Not meant to be portable
Similar to the kleinflammenwerfer, which was a lightweight version meant to be carried by a single person
Had twice the range of the kleinflammenwerfer
Could sustain fire for up to 40 seconds - impressive at the time
Consumed fuel like none other - cost a fortune to operate
Containers of fuel could randomly combust, killing the operator
Operators were prime targets for all fire, so life expectancy was short
Were eventually mounted on tanks for more mobility and effect Effect:
First used in war against the French in October 1914, although it didn't play a large role
Mostly affected enemy morale and scared them to the point of ineffectiveness
Germans attacked using flamethrowers over 650 times in WWI Flamethrower mounted on a Sherman tank Chlorine Gas Description:
Poisonous yellow-green gas
Was first used by the Germans in April 1915 against the French army at Ypres
Poisons respiratory system by destroying respiratory organs, rendering the victim unable to breath, so they die of asphyxiation with no hope of treatment
At Ypres, officers thought that the Germans were hiding behind a smokescreen, preparing to attack, until soldiers reported burning in their throats, so lots of soldiers in the immediate vicinity of the gas ran as far as they could away from the gas because they realized that they were being gassed
When the British used it on September 25th, 1915, the gas accidentally blew back in their face due to the wind. So, in 1916, they developed gas shells for artillery, which allowed them to use gas even in inclement weather Effect:
Was the first time chemical warfare was used, which forced countries to think about unconventional attacks as possibilities to use in the future and as something that countries needed to be protected from
Killed an estimated 5,000 soldiers at Ypres, and caused about 1,250,000 total casualties in the war
Every soldier from July 1915 onward was supplied a gas mask as standard equipment Chlorine gas is a yellowish-green substance that attacks the respiratory systems of anyone who is unfortunate enough to breathe it in.
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