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Frankenstein

An analysis of Chapters 11-14 of Mary Shelley's, "Frankenstein."
by

Nichola Trinh

on 18 July 2011

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Transcript of Frankenstein

The monster observes the De Lacey family for a long time, careful not to make them aware of his presence. It is a quiet time for the monster and he grows love of his newly "adopted" family. This is the first time he feels love and he, "felt sensations of a peculiar and overpowering nature; they were a mixture of pain and pleasure, such as I had never before experienced, either from hunger or cold, warmth or food; and I withdrew from the window, unable to bear these emotions." Shelley makes the reader want to see the monster as a depreciated creature, worthy of understanding. Chapter 11 p.139-140 The monster shows a unique ability to analyze humanity because, though he's not a human himself, he has the intelligence of one. He explains, "I heard about the slothful Asiatics; of the stupendous genius and mental activity of the Grecians; of the wars and wonderful virtue of the early Romans-of their subsequent degenerating-of the decline of that mighty empire; of chivalry, Christianity, and kings." This summary of Western culture shows the monster's ability to put humanity in perspective. Chapter 13 p.155 Frankenstein An analysis of Mary Shelley's Chapter's 11-14. By: Nichola Trinh, David Tong, Cristian Wyman, Jenna Giles, and Reece. Plot Setting and Mood The main setting for the novel
Frankenstein's chapters
eleven to fourteen is Ingolstadt,
Germany where Victor goes
to university but also the
city of the monster's
awakening in to the hatred
of man and his hideousness. While the monster is explaining his stay in the city he describes the city to just be coming into spring so therefore the weather is still chilly and the time of month must be the end of winter, so around the end of March. The monster explains his shelter in Ingolstadt as a shack beside the De Lacey's family cabin, and this is where he learns how to speak and read. Characters Conflict Literary Devices The imagery In Frankensteins chapters eleven to fourten is, light which symbolizes knowledge, discovery, and enlightenment. The monster’s first experience with a still-smoldering flame reveals the dual nature of fire: he discovers excitedly that it creates light in the darkness of the night, but also that it harms him when he touches it.
The presence of fire in the text also brings to mind the full title of Shelley’s novel, Frankenstein or, The Modern Prometheus. The Greek god Prometheus gave the knowledge of fire to humanity and was then severely punished for it. Victor, attempting to become a modern Prometheus, is certainly punished, but unlike fire, his “gift” to humanity—knowledge of the secret of life—remains a secret. Theme The essence of family/acceptance is the main theme in these four chapters, because this is what the Monster desires most and what Frankenstein holds close to his heart and will soon be taken away from him. Frankenstein's desire to be accepted by the De Lacey family but then rejected causes him to rage at his creator who has family and acceptance. Also the relationship expected between a father and son – Victor and Frankenstein vs. De Lacey and Felix – is a big comparison shown in the theme. Vocabulary Uncouth: awkward, clumsy, or unmannerly; strange and ungraceful in appearance or form. “Sometimes the uncouth and inarticulate sounds which broke from me frightened me into silence again.” P.133 Offal: the parts of a butchered animal that are considered inedible by human beings or removed in dressing. “for I found some offals that the travellers had left had been roasted, and tasted much more savoury than the berries I gathers from the trees.” P.134 Hitherto: up to this time; until now. “I resolved to quit place that I hitherto inhabited,” P.135 Nightingale: a brownish European songbird with abroad reddish brown tail: well known for its musical song, usually heard at night. “She sang, and her voice flowed in a rich cadence, swelling or dying away, like a nightingale of the woods.” P.154 Vagabond: wandering from place to place without any settled home; nomadic. “he was considered, except in rare instances, as a vagabond and a slave,” P.156 Quotes The monster comes to regard knowledge as dangerous, as it can have unforeseen negative consequences. After realizing that he is horribly different from human beings, the monster cries, “Of what a strange nature is knowledge! It clings to the mind, when it has once seized on it, like a lichen on the rock.” Knowledge is permanent and irreversible; once gained, it cannot be dispossessed. Chapter 13 p.157 Reflecting on his own situation, he realizes that he is deformed and alone. “Was I then a monster,” he asks, “a blot upon the earth, from which all men fled, and whom all men disowned?” He also learns about the pleasures and obligations of the family and of human relations in general, which deepens the agony of his own isolation. Chapter 13 p.157 The monster sees that the De Lacey family has it all, but cannot understand why they seem so depressed. In his opinion, the De Lacey's lack nothing, as they have a "delightful house" and every "luxury": fire for warmth, "delicious viands" when they were hungry, "excellent clothes", companionship and conversation, and "looks of affection and kindness." The monster discovers that the De Lacey's depression comes from poverty and hunger, so he makes a vow not to steal any more of their food and chooses to help the family by gathering wood and repairing the house and garden. Chapter 12 p.143 Chapeter Questions Chapter 11:
1. What are the monster's first memories?
The monster's first memories were experiencing sights, sounds, feelings, and tastes and moving. The monster also experiences darkness and light as well as night and day for the first time.
2. How does the monster say he learned to live in the world?
The monster explored and discovered people and new things; he learnt most of what he knows now from the DeLacey family from their teachings to the Arabian girl. He did not adjust as well as a normal human would because of his horrific appearance.
Chapter 12:
1. How does the monster show his capacity to care for others?
He shows his capacity to care for others when he is living in the hovel by the DeLaceys home. He does kind acts such as shovelling a path in the winter and cutting wood without expecting anything in return. He also stopped taking their food when he saw that they were low and began eating nuts and berries.
2. What kind of knowledge does the monster gain from the cottagers? Why is he eager to have this knowledge?
The monster learns how to communicate and read from their teachings to one of their fellow friends. He is eager to learn how to speak like them so he can sound somewhat normal and not scare them off when he decides to show himself to them
Chapter 13:
1. How and what does the monster learn about the human race?
He watches the DeLacey family and learns from them. He also reads the book Pultarch's Lives and many others which explains in depth the first founders of ancient republics and teaches him about the various countries and mighty rivers and how governments were massacring their species.
2. How do the monster's emotions change as he gains more knowledge?
He feels more sympathy towards society and learns their not all evil like Frankenstein. He also discovers that he is very different from every other being living on earth and feels alone and shudders at his horrific looks.

Chapter 14:
1. Why doesn't Shelley mention the name of the old man, De Lacey, sooner?
The author hides the name of the old man to add suspense and mystery. It also adds back up information.
2. Describe Safie's connection with the DeLacey family.
Safie is the reason why the DeLacey family had to leave Paris and move into the cottage where they suffer in poverty. Felix helped Safie's father break out of jail when he was sentenced to death in hopes that he would repay him with his daughters hand in marriage. The government then found out that Felix was involved and threw his whole family in jail, and sentenced them to flee the country and never return. And now it is time for, "Learning at the Cottage," a short scene depicting the lives of the De Lacey family, and the monster who watches, while still remains hidden. Chapter Discussion The End. Chapters eleven to fourteen are plotted as the rising action of the novel Frankenstein. The monster is only just beginning his explanations for the things he has done, which leads to everything else dramatic in the story. The monster has not yet described the murder of William and the reason for Justine's execution, he starts to explain his new "knowledge" of man which will lead to destruction of them (William, Justine, Henry, Elizabeth and Victor). The monster tells the story of the De Lacey family, and our suspense rises of what will happen to the family or of their importance to the story. We also see the monster develop not only in knowledge, but in his own opinions of man. The Monster: A lonely and hideous creation of Victor Frankenstein who seeks companionship because his own creator will not give him the item of his desire. Tells his story in these chapters. Not realizing his hideousness is the the cause of no compainionship he scares off cottagers, cabiners and a family who touched his heart. Realizing it is Victors fault for his sorrow he soon seeks revenge against the man, to make Victor's life as miserable and lonely as his. De Lacey Family: Felix, Agatha, and their blind father. This is the family of cottagers near where the monster lives. They are French exiles living in Germany because Felix helped an unjustly imprisoned Turk escape. He watches them and over time learns to speak and read from observing them. The monster becomes attached to them and chops wood for them as well as other small services without revealing himself to them. He craves their acceptance and affection and educates himself further to win them over. When he seeks their affection, however, they are afraid of him and their scorn sends him away. This rejection sends him on a quest to find Victor, his creator, and seek vengeance. Muhammadan: A Turk Felix (see De Lacey Family) aided and for whom the De Lacey family was exiled to Germany. Muhammadan was unjustly condemned for reasons of religion and wealth, and Felix helped him escape, falling in love with his daughter, Safie, along the way. Muhammadan promises to allow them to marry, but plans secretly to keep Safie and bring her back to Turkey with him. Safie: Daughter of Muhammadan and an Arabian Christian woman. Safie falls in love with Felix and doesn't want to return to the oppressive country of her birth. When her father leaves for Turkey with the expectation that she will follow soon after with all of his possessions, she seeks out Felix and lives with him and his family in Germany. She is then taught how to speak french and read by the family. The topic of nature’s advancement, and of the connection between human moods and natural surroundings, resurfaces in the creature's childlike reaction to springtime. Nature proves as valuable to the monster as it is to Victor: as the temperature rises and the winter ice melts, the monster takes comfort in a suddenly green and blooming world, glorying in nature’s creation when he cannot rejoice in his own. For a moment, he is able to forget his own ugliness and unnaturalness. Which gives the ability to feel sympathy during these four chapters. The cottagers’ devotion to each other gives emphasis to Victor’s total abandonment of the monster; ironically, observing the De Lacey families kindness to one another actually causes the monster to suffer, as he realizes how truly alone, and how far from being the recipient of such kindness, he is. This lack of implay with others, in addition to his namelessness, compounds the monster’s woeful lack of social identity. Which enforces the creature to swear vengeance of the Frankenstein family. Please refer to your handout. Connections These chapters relate to both the four letters by Waldman, and the first chapters of the novel on the basis of the theme of discovery. In the four letters, Waldman talks about exploring the unknown near the North Pole, as well as a strange man. During the first chapters, Victor Frankenstein at home studies from various works including those by Cornelius Agrippa, and discovering the ways of alchemy. While at Ingolstadt, Frankenstein discovers the secret to life. In chapters 11-14, the monster talks about his discoveries of light, dark, night, day, and other sensory items. These chapters also relate to earlier chapters in the novel, through the theme of the theme of the evil in man. Victor earlier was rejected by M. Krempe at the university, and in these chapters, Frankenstein was rejected by townspeople, and humans in general.
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