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Canterbury Tales Prelesson

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Katie Reilly

on 30 August 2013

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Transcript of Canterbury Tales Prelesson

Background Info for
The Canterbury Tales
Medieval Period:
Where did we leave off with the Anglo-Saxons?
Alfred the Great (800s)
Danes controlled much of northern and eastern Europe
They were no match for Alfred the Great (the guy below)
He made them agree to a truce and accept Christianity
His reign was a high point in Anglo-Saxon civilization
A brief history of
Britain Rulers...

1016-Dane who managed
to become king and sway many
Edward the
1042-came to the throne,
deeply religious,
had no children

But wait...there's conflict!!
William, duke
of Normandy
1066-Successfully invaded Britain, was crowned king of England after Harold, earl of Wessex was killed
What impact do you think
William (a French guy) had on Britain when he
became king?
Question time!
political and economic system
in which the hierarchy of power was
based on the premise that the
king owned all the land in the kingdom
King = Owner of 1/4 of land

Owner of 1/4 of land
Loyal Nobles
(Norman barons)
Owners of the rest
Warriors who were
supplied to the king
by barons
conquered Anglo-Saxons
(peasants bound to land
they couldn't own)
Normans spoke a dialect of Old French
they brought with them to Britain, it became the language of the English court, of government, of nobility, etc.
English incorporated some French words into their language as well.
This led to Middle English.
English became language of illiterate peasants. They depended on oral traditions like "mystery and miracle plays" as well as "morality plays," which taught moral lessons.
Henry I, son of William
Henry I's daughter,
Henry I's nephew,
Henry II (Matilda's son)

1154-Became next king
His wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine
brought with her the idea of
Ms. Katie, how
does this relate to
The Canterbury Tales!?
Question time!
Henry II screwed up....
Appointed Thomas a Becket as archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop started favoring church over him
Four loyal knights killed the archbishop after Henry II started criticizing him
Henry proclaimed his innocence...
They made the archbishop of
Canterbury a saint!
what do you think the Church did...?
Becket was declared a saint by the church and they built a shrine in his honor...

(who does this sound like?)
The shrine has become a popular destination for Christian pilgrims

Modern English vs. Middle English...
A challenge for
Ms. Zita someday...
Thanks for hanging tough, now after all that info I think you need a pep talk!
Please fill in your worksheet as I discuss this information.
Mystery Plays
Miracle Plays
Morality Plays
Plays derived from
Biblical stories

Plays about the lives of saints and the miracles they performed
Stories about virtues and vices such as fellowship, good deeds and death
A pilgrimage is a journey or search of moral or spiritual significance. Typically, it is a journey to a shrine or other location of importance to a person's beliefs and faith, although sometimes it can be a metaphorical journey into someone's own beliefs.
What is a pilgrimage?

Full transcript