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British North America

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Chuck Simms

on 7 September 2017

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Transcript of British North America

North America

... we're not Americans!
When the Columbus ‘discovered’ the New World, all of Europe scrambled to get in on the action.
Spain and Portugal seized Central and South America.
England had much of what is now the East Coast of the US.
And France had the Maritimes and modern day Quebec.
After a few false starts, the French settlements (particularly in Quebec City and Montreal) became well established.
Life was hard, and the fact that the French made enemies of the Iroquois confederacy made it harder.
Even worse, there was constant pressure from the English.
If France and Britain were at war, their colonies were at war too.

After one of these wars, France lost the Maritimes. The French settlers (called Acadians) were forcibly removed to Louisiana… and became ‘cajuns’
New France fell to the British in 1759. Most of North America's east coast was under British control.
The British were the conquerors. They decided to allow the French to retain their language, religion, and culture, as long as they recognized British authority.
The colonies that we know as Canada were made of six colonies.
Upper Canada (think of it as southern and eastern Ontario) It is English and Anglican- a mix of British settlers and Loyalists (from the USA)
Upper Canada was undeveloped, and most of it was small farms and communities.
Lower Canada was Quebec. Much more developed, and Montreal and important centre of business.
The Maritimes (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland) were specialized in fishing, forestry, and shipbuilding.
Of course, the First Nations had already been here for thousands of years, but had suffered from contact with Europeans. Cultural differences (such as ownership) economic activity and as disease had affected their lives significantly.
Life was hard… but the colonies, especially Upper Canada, would continue to grow.
Next Day: an honest to goodness shootin’ war with the ‘Mericans!
New France fell to the British in 1759. Most of North America's east coast was under British control.
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