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Figurative Language: Metaphor and Simile

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by

Amy Nelson

on 26 August 2014

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Transcript of Figurative Language: Metaphor and Simile

Figurative Language
What is Figurative Language?
Figurative language is language that communicates ideas beyond the literal meanings of words. Although what is said is not literally true, it stimulates vivid pictures or concepts in the mind of the reader. Includes specific figures of speech.
Similes
An analogy or comparison of two things using "like" or "as."
Metaphors
A metaphor is a
direct
comparison of two things, not using "like" or "as." Unlike a simile, the comparison is suggested rather than directly expressed.

Metaphors often use a form of the verb "to be." The verb can be in the past tense (was, were), the present tense (am, is, are), or future tense (will be).
Metaphor and Simile
FAILS
-She grew on him like she was a colony of E. coli and he was room-temperature Canadian beef.

Why is figurative language important?
-Creative
-Helps describes people, places, things, and ideas
-Makes writing more vivid
Life is a climb, but the view is great.
Her eyes were as blue as the ocean.
Examples:

-"A lump of salt caught in my throat, closing like a fist..." -
Parrot in the Oven

-"You could almost hear the strategies sizzling around in his head, like hot sand swirling in a tip cup." -
Parrot in the Oven

-"I saw her scrape off the fish scales, which flew into the air like shards of glass" -
Joy Luck Club
Important Note:
Using "like" or "as" does not make something a simile.
Not a simile:
I like pizza.

Simile:
The moon was like a pizza in the sky
Examples
Similes and Metaphors in Pop Music
-When she spoke, he thought he heard bells, as if she were a garbage truck backing up.
-He was as tall as a 6'3 tree.
-The little boat drifted gently across the pond, exactly the way a bowling ball wouldn't.
-The ballerina rose gently en pointe and lifted one slender leg behind her, like a dog at a fire hydrant.
-John and Mary had never met. They were like two hummingbirds who had also never met.
-The lamp just sat there, like an inanimate object.
-"... as I studied the bark skin of her face- each crack sealed with perfect makeup" -
Parrot in the Oven
-"His hands' were wings in a blur of wonder, mine stirred a pot of warm honey" - Parrot in the Oven
-"Auntie was a talking chicken without a head"
-Joy Luck Club
-"We were a city of leftovers mixed together" -
Joy Luck Club
Personification
-"Mom's shrieks chased away the panicked air" -
Parrot in the Oven
-"The hills would suddenly become monstrous elephants, marching towards me."
-Joy Luck Club
The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristic to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form
Examples
Alliteration:
a repeating consonant sound. So any letter which is repeated several times in a passage will make it an alliteration. Here are a couple of examples, Sally sells sea shells by the sea shore. Or, Wally Walrus wondered where his socks were? Taco Tuesday... Throwback Thursday...

Onomatopoeia:
The hardest word to spell is probably the easiest to remember. This is the one where the words make a sound. Booming bombs, buzzing bees, crackling fire, screeching tires.

Cliche:
A cliche is a tired old expression which everyone uses and no one likes to hear. Some examples are; "in the nick of time, couldn't catch my breath, for the life of me, without moving a muscle, without a doubt, to tell the truth, couldn't keep my eyes open, at the drop of a hat, cut to the chase..." The list goes on and on. Basically it is a word or phrase which has become very familiar to everyone.

Idioms
: Idioms are those little words and phrases which make a language unique. Even in American English, we have idioms which make us different. Idioms are like Cliches, except an idiom is unique to a place where a cliche is known by all. Examples: "horsing around, the Full Monty"
Hyperbole:
A hyperbole is when you make a BIG exaggeration. For example, "I have told you a million times to stop that!" "If you don't stop that I am going to slap you into tomorrow!" "Better stop it or I am gonna kill you." Notice how these all sound like your parents....

Imagery
: language that is used to describe a picture in your mind. For example, "The young red-headed lass climbed the emerald green hillside above the ocean shore on the flawless Irish day." You should have seen a red headed girl climbing a hillside much like the illustration in your mind. That is imagery.
Quick Write

Write a 1 paragraph description of an object or person in this room using at least 4 figurative language devices. Your description should
show
us what your object is... not tell us.

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