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Transcript of Moore
- the UN sees self - determination as a right only when persecuted and majority. in general republics, not nations, left the USSR
- The system prizes states over nations
- She argues that this is bad and that it caused instability. We should pay more attention to nations and their right to self- determination.
- secession based on a vote and no encapsulated minority
indeterminacy - nations are hard to define but a subjective (not external or historical) identity is consistent with democracy
instability - it would destroy states and cause competition but nations can be consistent with individual liberty and need not be large
overlap- some nations are distributed around states. Her she calls for negotiation
Critique - Globalism
identities are malleable and are often created by elites
peoples identities may be plurinational or trans national
states are of less importance now, both governmentally and economically . There is a move towards global governance
Culture has globalized in the post WW2 era, this has come from coporate entities not states.
Education, communication and legal systems have created national cultures.
He argues that a political community is propely consititued when
1. Members have a distinct culture
2. Community of fate - shared goals and prejudices
3. institutional structure
4. congruence between the nation and the government
5. common rights and duties
1. Individuls have complex loyalties and identities
2. Networks create the notion of collective fortunes
3. institutions represent communities and individuals at different levels
4. globalization changes what we can expect from government
5. rights are secured internationally
Cultures seem to remain national even when institutions are global.
Elites may perceive a global idenitty but most political identities remain ethnically or nationally rooted.
He argues for cosmopolitanism which acknowledges cultural nationalism but addresses issues on a larger scale.
1. Recognition of interconnectedness of political communities in various domains
2. Development of an idea of overlapping collective fortunes
3. Celebrating diversity and learning empathy