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Anth111 Lecture 2 Fall13

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by

Julie Jenkins

on 22 September 2013

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Transcript of Anth111 Lecture 2 Fall13

What is Culture?
Objectives:
Discuss different definitions & uses of the term 'culture'
Identify the components of culture
Discuss the characteristics of culture
Consists of...
Sets of Knowledge
What People Think & Say
Language
World View
Construction of Reality
Norms
Values
Symbols
Patterns of Behavior
What People Actually Do

Habits
Interactions in specific social contexts
Roles in interactions
Characteristics of...
...as learned
How is culture transmitted?
through socialization
By Whom?
Learned...but also contested and debated
...as shared
By members of a group
But how do we define a group?
Different levels of groupings...
subcultures
regional, religious, ethnic, political, interest based, organization based
...as encompassing
all people are members of a cultural group...and often more than one
...as constructed, produced, practiced, circulated
way we perceive or interpret reality constructed by our present and historical experiences
...subject to change
...as adaptive
change to the ways of living that is better fitted to survive and reproduce in its environment.
interaction with environment
perception/interpretation of reality-
how we relate to the world/other people/etc
perception/interpretation of reality-
how we classify/categorize
how we think people should behave
beliefs about the goals or way of life that is desirable
"Vehicle for conception"- Geertz
something that means, stands for, or calls to mind something else
arbitrary & conventional
Institutions
Is this a passive process?
Education
Economic
Work
Religion
Politics
polysemic
"guided reinvention of culture"
"shaped by the systems within which they were created, distributed, evaluated, taught, & preserved"
Is Miner giving a balanced or biased account of the Nacirema? Why do you think so?
“looking from far and above, from our high places of safety in the developed civilization, it is easy to see all the crudity and irrelevance of magic. But without its power and guidance early man could not have mastered his practical difficulties as he has done, nor could man have advanced to the higher stages of civilization."
Degrees of being shared-
distribution of meaning
...as Integrated
Through internal debates
Through Interactions with other Groups
Issue is rate of change
The Politics of Tradition
Full transcript