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Tiberius Gracchus

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Roma Sharma

on 11 August 2013

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Transcript of Tiberius Gracchus

Was Tiberius Gracchus' death his greatest contribution to the fall of the Roman Republic?
Who was Tiberius Gracchus?
Tiberius Gracchus was born into one of the Elite families of Rome and had, therefore, lived an extremely privileged life.
Tiberius became extremely famous and loved by the people of Rome due to his struggle for "the People".
Tiberius made many powerful enemies such as Publius Nasica the current Pontifex Maximus and most influential member of the Senate.
Tiberius Gracchus began the movement that led to the rise of the Emperors of Rome.
Plutarch VS Scullard: Plutarch
"Tiberius' style was pure and his language chosen with extreme care... Tiberius was mild and reasonable" - Plutarch, 'Life of Tiberius Gracchus'.
“…the utterance of a noble spirit, delivered with genuine passion to a people profoundly moved and fully aroused to the speakers support, none of Tiberius’ adversaries could make an effective reply” - Plutarch, 'Life of Tiberius Gracchus'.
Plutarch VS Scullard: Scullard
"The original function of the Tribunes had been to protect the People against patrician domination, but they had become useful agent for the nobility, often using their veto to check the popular assemblies" - Scullard.

Here Scullard is referring to Tiberius using his veto to stop all proceedings and Laws favorable to the Senate until his 'lex agraria' [Land Law] was passed and using the People to actively take control of the areas previously managed by the Senate.
Marcus Cicero: On Friendship, or Laelius
"I was acting as assessor to the consuls Laenas and Rupilius to try the conspirators..."
“Blossius pleaded for my pardon on the ground that his regard for Tiberius Gracchus had been so high that he looked upon his wishes as law. "Even if he had wished you to set fire to the Capitol?" said I. "That is a thing," he replied, "that he never would have wished." "Ah, but if he had wished it?" said I. "I would have obeyed." The wickedness of such a speech needs no comment."
In Conclusion:
Tiberius Gracchus held an absolute power over the People that no one had held before that caused the Roman society to either completely worship him or completely despise him, dividing Rome into two distinct halves. He held this extraordinary power by appealing to the People's emotion and becoming important to them, therefore when he was murdered, "the mob" became furious and began the first of three Servile Wars, all in an aggrieved response to Tiberius' untimely death, unknowingly causing Tiberius’ death to become his greatest contribution to the beginning of the Fall..
Coins Depicting The First Servile War:
Appain: The Civil Wars - On the Gracchi:
“The poor were afflicted with great grief, and justly so, both on account of themselves, for they thought that they would no longer dwell in a free state under equitable laws, but were to be reduced to slavery by the rich, and on account of Gracchus personally, who had brought upon himself such peril for their sakes.”
"He lost his life because he followed up an excellent plan in too lawless a way."
- By Roma Sharma
Full transcript