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Greek Death and Burial

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by

Mackie Ford

on 27 February 2014

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Transcript of Greek Death and Burial

Greek Death and Burial
Funeral and Ceremony
A Greek funeral has three stages; the prothesus, ekphora, and perideipnon.
Prothesus
This was the first step that prepared the body for the funeral. First they would put two gold coins on each eye to pay the ferryman, Charon. Then the women of the household; usally with seawater, would wash and dress the body.
Ekphora
The next step was the burial of the body. A simple cermony was performed over the grave to sow the earth with the friuts of its bounty, thus assuring the deceased a peaceful rest. If the ceremony was not performed correctly, the deceased would be caught between worlds.
Perideipnon
In this stage, friends and family would be invited to leave offerings of food and other gifts either in the grave or beside it. The women would leave early so that they could return home and begin preperations for a large banquet in honor of the deceased. The men stayed behind to complete the burial.
Garland
Most bodies recieved a crown on the head of the deceased made out of tree branches also known as a garland. When women were buried they were given a necklace and earings to wear, and kings were given a crown or gold masks and breastplates.
Greek Afterlife
When the greeks died they went into an afterlife in the Underworld. The Underworld was ruled by the god Hades. Rhadamanthys, Minos and Aeacus were the three judges that determined if the dead went to Tartarus, Asphodel Fields, or Elysium.
Tartarus
This is like our hell. They do not burn for eternity, but they are tormented forever. For example, Sisyphus had to push a boulder up a hill never able to reach the top. The keeper of Tartarus was Rhadamanthys.
Asphodel Fields
The Asphodel Fields was where the netrual souls went. They went here if they lived a life of niether really good nor evil. It is said that all souls that are neutral are to drink from the River Lethe before entering the fields, thus losing their identities and memories. The keeper was Minos.
Elysium
Elysium was the final resting place of the souls of the heroic and the virtuous. There stood the gates that led to the house of Hades. Elysium was a place for joy, and there was no suffering. The keeper of Elysium was Cronos.
Charon
Charon is the ferryman of the dead. He ferries them across the river Styx. He only accepts the dead which are buried with the proper rites, and if they pay him with coins.
Cerberus
Cerberus is the three headed guard dog of the underworld. He guarded the entrance of the Underworld and made sure that any soul that entered would not get out.
by Mackie and Darienne
Full transcript