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The Inevitability of Fate

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Maddy Smith

on 20 January 2015

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Transcript of The Inevitability of Fate

The Inevitability of Fate
An Analysis of Macbeth's Time
By Madelaine Smith

Creates Irony for the audience:
"hath lost...hath won" (line 67, Act 1, Scene 2)
"Sleep shall neither night nor day...shall live a man forbid" (line 19, line 21, Act 1, Scene 3)

"Shall sleep no more! Macbeth shall sleep no more" (line 41, Act 2, Scene 2)

Only occurs in Acts 1 and 2
What is Fate?
Fate: The determining by which things are believed to come to be; an inevitable end.

Elizabethan Belief: Path is predetermined, so there was no free will.
What does this mean for the play?
Sets up obvious ending to the play and the inevitability

Shows that Macbeth's choices have an impact.
Prophetic, Foreshadowed,
Time imagery shows the decay of Macbeth's storyline.

Fate is shown through the Prophesy, Foreshadowing, Nature Imagery, Darkness

Fate links to the inevitability
Witches have a strong affect on Macbeth's character
"that shalt be king hereafter" (line 51, Act 1, Scene 3)
"for none of woman born/Shall harm Macbeth" (line 80-81, Act 4, Scene 1)
"Macbeth shall never vanquished be until/Great Birnam Wood to high Dusinane Hill/Shall come against him" (line 92-94, Act 4, Scene 1)

Nature Imagery
Compares to actual nature of the play

"look into the seeds of time" (line 59, Act 1, Scene 3)
"which grain will grow and which will not" (line 60, Act 1, Scene 3)

"overcome us like a summer's cloud" (line 11, Act 3, Scene 4)
"summer-seeming lust" (line 88, Act 4, Scene 3)

"float upon a wild and violent sea/Each way and none (line 21-22, Act 4, Scene 2)

"the live long night" (line 55, Act 2, Scene 3)

"Almost at odds with the morning, which is which." (line 127, Act 3, Scene 4)

"yet the dark night strangles the traveling lamp" (line 7, Act 2, Scene 4)
"I must become a borrower of the night" (line 27, Act 2, Scene 4)
" Whiles night's black agents to their preys do rouse" (line 54, Act 3, Scene 2)
"Scarf up the tender eye of pitiful day"(line 48, Act 3, Scene 2)
"Good things of day begin to droop and drowse" (line 53, Act 3, Scene 2)
Sleep--Or Lack There Of
Early in the play, Act 2, Scene 1, has a noticeable lack of sleep
"I would not sleep" (line 7, Act 2, Scene 1)
"wicked dreams abuse/The curtained sleep" (line 50-51, Act 2, Scene 1)

"sleep no more! Macbeth does murder sleep" (line 33-34, Act 2, Scene 2)
"-the innocent sleep/Sleep that knits up the reveled sleave of care/The death of each day's life labor's bath"(line 33-36), Act 2, Scene 2)
Fate and Inevitability coincide
Macbeth's inevitable end is shown through:
"Each minute teems a new one" (line 178, Act 4, Scene 3)
"The night is long that never finds the day" (line 246, Act 4, Scene 3)
"Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow"(line 19, Act 5, Scene 5)
" To the last syllable of recorded time" (line 21, Act 5, Scene 5)

"What's done cannot be/undone" (line 57-58, Act 5, Scene 1)

"My way of life/Is fallen into the sere" (line 24-25, Act 5, Scene 3)
"I have almost forgot the taste of fears" (line 9, Act 5, Scene 5)
In the End
Shakespeare viewed Life a little Differently
Believed in predestination

Also believed in free will- people could create their own predetermined path.

His ideas closely related to Aristotle's tragic hero
Humans fell because of what they had chosen to do.
"Let every man be a master of his time"(line 41, Act 3, Scene 1)

Macbeth was Shakespeare's tragic hero

Macbeth's fate is shown through prophecy, foreshadowing, nature imagery, darkness and inevitability.

Fate was the summation of Macbeth's actions, which were portrayed through the way Shakespeare chose to show time.

Is life dictated by fate, a set path? Or by the choices we make?
The Betrayal of the Prophecy
In contrast:
"now a wood/Comes toward Dusinane" (line 44-45, Act 5, Scene 5)

Macduff brings a sense of urgency to the play
"from his mother's womb/Untimely ripped" (line 15/16, Act 5, Scene 8)
"Come what come may" (line 148, Act 1, Scene 3)
"the ornament of life" (line 42, Act 1, Scene 7)
" What's done is done" (line 14, Act 3, Scene 2)

In Contrast:
"I have lived long enough"(line 24, Act 5, Scene 3)
" Out, out, brief candle!" (line 23, Act 5, Scene 5)
" Life's but a walking shadow" (line 24, Act 5, Scene 5)
Full transcript