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Music in Science: The Clarinet
Transcript of Music in Science: The Clarinet
Pitch and Loudness
Woodwind pitch depends on the volume of air that is vibrating. A larger volume vibrates more slowly, for a lower pitch and a smaller volume vibrates more quickly, for a higher pitch. For most woodwinds, the player changes pitch by opening and closing holes along the instrument's length. Closing more holes makes the instrument's lower notes. The clarinet is not a very loud instrument and usually plays the melody of musical pieces.
Wood vs Plastic
A wood clarinet has a better sound; sounding fuller, mellower, and lusher than a plastic clarinet. Many say the wood clarinets allow better intonation and control. However, the plastic clarinet is more affordable.
The Clarinet Family
The Clarinet Family includes the E flat clarinet, soprano B flat clarinet, alto clarinet, bass clarinet, and contrabass clarinet.
How the Clarinet Works
The clarinet is a single reed instrument. When you blow air into the mouth piece, it causes the reed to vibrate and the air that resonates in the air column of the clarinet is what makes the sound. By pressing different combinations of keys and holes, you can hear different notes.
Constructive interference is when several instruments play the same notes and the sound waves from those instruments produce a louder sound. Destructive interference is when the sound waves from the instruments cancel each other out and the instruments are hard to hear.
"Holt Science & Technology Physical Science" 545-555