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Transcript of Cooperative Learning
• An evidence-based learning strategy that develops
social skills and improves academic performance.
• Grew out of developments in social psychology.
• Particularly important in education from the 1980s
to the present day.
• Often used in inclusive, heterogeneous and multi-racial
Not always suitable for students with learning difficulties (Woolfolk,
FIVE KEY ELEMENTS OF COOPERATIVE GROUPS
(1) Positive goal interdependence
(2) Individual accountability
(3) Face-to-face promotive interaction
(4) Appropriate use of social skills
(5) Group processing
HOW IS A COOPERATIVE LEARNING CLASSROOM DIFFERENT
FROM A TRADITIONAL CLASSROOM?
• Students work together to accomplish
• Teacher is facilitator, coach, guide.
LEARNING IN MATH
DIVIDING RATIONAL NUMBERS JIGSAW ACTIVITY
This mini-presentation was brought to you by Andrea Meynell, Esther Moyal, and Sita Rao
JIGSAW COOPERATIVE LEARNING MATH EXERCISE
From grouped and ungrouped data find the following:
Hey diddle diddle the
You add then divide for the
is the one that appears there
Create groups that mix gender, ethnicity, race and ability.
Helps promote self-esteem and personal development and diversity.
JIGSAW NEXT STEPS
Give each student one segment of the lesson and time to read it through.
Have students with the same segment joint together to form new groups.
Give students time to work together to discuss and learn about their segment using tools such as textbooks, computers, or other tools in the class.
Bring the students back to their original groups and have them teach each other about their segment.
The teachers role is to encourage questions, monitor and moderate.
Work in teams
Consolidates the learning because they have to explain it
DEVELOPS STUDENT ABILITIES
A RECENT (2013) STUDY SUPPORTING COOPERATIVE LEARNING (Zakarai
Secondary mathematics students score better, increase understanding and improve self-esteem with cooperative learning.
Quasi-experiment with 61 Indonesian students.
Treatment group had significantly higher mean scores after cooperative learning activities for integrals, area and volume.
Control group mean score:
Treatment group mean score
Dooley, E.A. and K.R. Kossar. “Cooperative Learning for Children with
Special Needs”, International Encyclopaedia of Education (Third Edition), Eds Penelope Peterson, Eva Baker, and Barry McGraw, 2010. Weblink
Johnson, D. W. and Johnson, R. T. (1989). Cooperation and Competition:
Theory and Research. Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company.
Putnam, J., Markovchick, K., Johnson, D. W., and Johnson, R. T. (1996).
“Cooperative learning and peer acceptance of students with learning disabilities.” Journal of Social Psychology 136(6), 741–752.
Woolfol, A., Winne, P., & Perry, N. Educational Psychology: Fifth Canadian
Edition. Toronto: Perason, 2012.
Zakaria, Effandi et al. “Effect of Cooperative Learning on Secondary School
Students’ Mathematics Achievement”, Creative Education, 2013, Vol. 2, pp. 98-100.