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Kohlberg's 6 stages of Moral Development

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Katie Rinderle

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of Kohlberg's 6 stages of Moral Development

Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 4 Stage 5 Stage 6 Stage 3 Pleasing Others Reward / Punishment Me First Kohlberg's 6 Stages It's Your Duty What Society Stands For It's the Principle of the Thing The example shown above shows the use of Stage 1. (Reward/ Punishment) Depicted above is a little girl deciding if eating a Popsicle before dinner is right or wrong. To see is it is she thinks about her possible punishment or reward. Small children act within this stage. Right and wrong are determined based on the punishment or reward you will receive from you action. Good is when you receive a reward. Bad seen as when you get a punishment. This is the self-centered stage. Where a person only thinks what will benefit themselves. During this stage right or wrong is only determined on if it makes me feel good or bad. Basically doing the right thing because it makes me feel good. Typically this stage is for seven to eleven year-old. The comic above is a Peanut Comic. It depicts Linus wanting to do a good deed only to get money for himself. he is only thinking of himself and not others while he wants to shovel snow for others. In this stage a person determines what is right and what is wrong from what pleases others. This stage is peer pressure. Peer pressure is when you do something because "everyone else is doing it" or "all the 'cool' kids are doing it." In stage 4 what is right is when you follow the law and Legitimate authority. When something is legally right than it is also morally right. Doing the right thing because it is law. If there is no law against it then it is morally right also. This is when you do the right thing because it will benefit society. What society guarantees and upholds is what is right to you. It is what everyone agrees to as standards of common conduct. You do the right thing because it is the right thing to do. This stages decision making is based off of the Universal Ethical Principles. It is when our actions go past merely good for yourself or even for the whole community. The picture to the right shows a boy surrounded by others who have already conformed and fallen to peer pressure. He wants to be and do things like everyone else. The statement "everyone else is doing it so it must be okay" applies. The poster above is depicting a specific example of stage 4, underage drinking. Drinking underage for anyone is illegal in the U.S. It is against the law and is morally wrong. The stage 5 example above is from a TV show on Nickelodeon. It shows the specific example of cleaning up the environment (their beach). Keeping the environment clean and trash free is something society sees as a good thing. It is also morally right. The example given for stage 6 is a picture of the Red Cross in action. The Red Cross is a group of people who's actions clearly go beyond themselves and just one community. They help people all over the world in times of hardships and struggle. stage 1 picture- done by myself
stage two picture taken from- http://superdupercomics.8m.com/images/coloured_peanuts_2.gif Stage 3 picture- done by myself
Stage 4 picture- http://eugenedailynews.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/underagedrinking.jpg
Stage 5 picture-http://i4.ytimg.com/vi/kxt1ilSvrVI/hqdefault.jpg
Stage 6 picture- http://www.ifrc.org/PageFiles/41252/p-NPL0228.jpg All other information came from notes taken in class at MND
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