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Macbeth Act IV Presentation
Transcript of Macbeth Act IV Presentation
Summary of Scenes 1-3 (Video)
Tyranny of Syria
Summary of Scene 1
Macbeth goes back to the three witches for more information about his future
The witches raise three apparitions
- an Armed Head
- a Bloody Child
- a Child Crowned, with a tree in his hand
Eight kings appear, like ghosts, but the last one had the face of Banquo holding a mirror facing himself
Lennox arrives and tells Macbeth that Macduff has fled to England
Summary of Scene 2
Lady Macduff is being comforted by Ross after Macduff fled his family
Lady Macduff informs her son that Macduff is deadeven though Macduff has actually fled.
Lady Macduff’s son refuses to agree with his mother.
A messenger comes to tell Lady Macduff and her family to leave
Macbeth's hired murderers kill everyone as she tries to get away.
Summary of Scene 3
Macduff arrives with Malcom and tells him about the trouble in Scotland with Macbeth at the throne.
Malcolm tries to convince Macduff that he will be a terrible king.
“were I king, I should cut off the nobles for their land…” (Shakespeare 70).
Macduff reluctantly agrees.
Malcolm then says that he would actually be a good king.
Quotes and Analysis
Quotes and Analysis
By referencing Lady Macduff’s reaction to Macduff leaving her, what are the similarities and differences between Lady Macduff and Lady Macbeth?
Do you think Lady Macduff should have reacted differently? Why or why not?
Themes/ Imagery cont.
1."Finger of birth-strangled babe/Ditch-delivered by a drab:/Make the gruel thick and slab" (Shakespeare 58)
2."Beware/ Macduff; Beware the Thane of Fife" (Shakespeare 60)
3."for none of women born/ Shall harm Macbeth." (Shakespeare 60)
4."Macbeth shall never vanquished be until/ Great Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane Hill/Shall come against him" (Shakespeare 61)
• When Malcolm told Macduff that he would be a terrible king, he was testing Macduff’s faith to see if he was in support of Macbeth and he was curious as to why he ditched his family.
• Macduff proved he was loyal when he screamed, “O Scotland, Scotland” (Shakespeare 71)
• Macduff feared for Scotland’s future when thinking that Malcolm was going to be a bad king.
• The Doctor is important because when he says that King Edward has the power to cure disease, he is pointing out that Macbeth does not have this power and thus should not be king.
• Do you think Malcolm’s trick on Macduff was necessary? If yes, was it well executed?
• Why do you think Ross held out on telling Macduff about his family’s death?
The Messenger is warning Lady Macduff that danger is coming and she should flee. This shows the theme of foreshadowing
Tyranny of Syria
A doctor appears and explains to Malcolm and Macduff that King Edward has the power to cure disease with a touch.
Ross arrives and tells them that terrible things have happened to Scotland. He stalls in telling Macbeth that his wife, family, and all men, were killed.
“Your wife & babes savagely slaughtered” (Shakespeare 75).
Macduff is grieving but Malcolm wants him to turn his grief into hatred and take revenge against Macbeth.
“Finger of birth-strangled babe Ditch delivered by a drab” (Shakespeare 58)
“Pour in sow’s blood, that hath eaten her nine farrows” (Shakespeare 59)
Macduff is heart broken when he hears his family was destroyed.
His grief turns into rage and evolves into an insatiable desire of taking revenge on Macbeth.
Macduff says: “Front to front bring thou this fiend of Scotland myself. Within my sword’s length of him” (Shakespeare 76)
Malcom says: “Let grief convert to anger; blunt no the heart, enrage it” (Shakespeare 76)
Malcom lies about his character to check if Macduff is loyal to him.
“Macduff, this noble passion, Child of integrity, hath from my soul Wiped the black scruples, reconciled my thoughts To thy good truth and honor” (Shakespeare 71)
“My first false speaking Was this upon myself. What I am truly, Is thine and my poor country’s to command” (Shakespeare 72)
“No, they were at peace when I did leave’em” (Shakespeare 74)
Violence and Blood
“Your castle is surprised; your wife and babes savagely slaughtered.” (Shakespeare 75)
Witches are called the “weird sisters”. The word weird descends etymologically from the Anglo-Saxon word wyrd, which means “fate” or “doom,”
Their prophecies predict the truth, the quote: “Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! Beware Macduff; Beware the Thane of Fife" (Shakespeare 60).
“Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn the pow’r of man, for none of woman born Shall harm Macbeth” (Shakespeare 60).
“Macbeth shall never be vanquished until Great Birnam Wood to high Dunsinane Hill Shall come against it” (Shakespeare 61)
Macbeth’s fate is reflected in the witches’ prophecies and they depict his future.
Three Witches: Three “black and midnight hags” who plot mischief against Macbeth through the use of prophecies, spells and charms.
Hecate: The goddess of witchcraft, who helps the three witches work their mischief on Macbeth.
Macbeth: Scottish general and the thane of Glamis who is led to wicked thoughts by the prophecies of the three witches, which turn him into a greedy, ambitious and cold hearted man.
Lennox & Ross: Scottish nobleman that serve Macduff
Lady Macduff: Wife of Macduff
Son: Son of Macduff
Murderers: A group of bandits conscripted by Macbeth to kill Macduff's family
Malcom: The son of Duncan, allied with Macduff against Macbeth’s tyranny. He is the rightful heir to the throne.
Macduff: A Scottish nobleman hostile to Macbeth’s kingship from the start. He becomes a leader of the crusade to unseat Macbeth and allies himself with Malcom.
Son of Lady Macduff refuses to believe his father is dead because he believes there is a valid explanation to why his father deserted them. He does not overreact like his mother and judge on the appearance that he simply abandoned them.
"But cruel are the times, when we are traitors and do not know ourselves; when we hold rumor from what we fear..." (Shakespeare 64).
"Foul is fair and fair is foul"
The Flag of Scotland
"Wisdom? To leave his wife, to leave his babes,His mansion, and his titles, in a place From whence himself fly? He loves us not, He wants the natural touch" (Macbeth 64).
Lady Macduff explains her husband is a traitor for leaving his family because he lacks the trait of human kindness.
“I doubt some danger does approach you nearly. If you will take a homely man’s advice, Be not found here” (Macbeth 66).
Why do think Shakespeare chose these three apparitions?
Why was Banquo's ghost holding a mirror?
The huge amount of baby parts in witches’ broth foreshadows the mass slaughtering that Macbeth initiates. The fact that witches are cooking baby parts (annihilating them) in their cauldron symbolizes the pain children in the play will experience later on.
The Three Apparitions:
1. The Armed head: It is symbolizing Macbeth’s head that shall be cut off by Malcom later in the play
2. The Bloody Child: It is symbolizing a child covered in fresh blood that has just come out of his mother through c-section, like Macduff
3. A crowned Child with a tree in his hand: It symbolizes how the moving of Burnam Wood on Macbeth’s castle will lead to the Malcom becoming the kind, and thus his children (heirs) being crowned also.
Comparison to Macbeth
After becoming the king Macbeth became very cruel and he became desperate to kill anybody who seemed danger to him
Macbeth always lived in fear that everybody would know about the crime he committed and to guard one crime he began to commit several crimes.
Bashar Al-Assad is just like Macbeth as he uses his military (violence) to protect his power and kill citizens of Syria
Adventures in English Literature. Shakespeare, William, “Macbeth.” Orlando, Florida: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1985. - See more at: http://www.enotes.com/topics/macbeth/in-depth#sthash.h1XIEw4D.dpuf